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POST-NATURAL DISASTER CONSTRUCTION SAFETY PowerPoint Presentation
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POST-NATURAL DISASTER CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

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POST-NATURAL DISASTER CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

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POST-NATURAL DISASTER CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

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  1. POST-NATURAL DISASTER CONSTRUCTION SAFETY UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 2008

  2. English/Spanish Low-Literacy Worker Safety Training for “Focus Four” Disaster Reconstruction Hazards • This course development training have been sponsored by a Susan Harwood Training Grant.

  3. HURRICANE

  4. TORNADO

  5. STORM SURGE

  6. FLOOD

  7. MEDICAL PREPARATION

  8. MEDICAL PRE-SCREENING HEALTH ISSUES: PREPARATIONS: PRE-SCREENING INNOCULATIONS VACCINATION TRAIN WORKERS TO AVOID EXPOSURE • PRE-EXISTING HEALTH ISSUES • DISEASE • Hepatitis B • Tetanus • Cholera • Meningococcal • Rabies

  9. MEDICAL ADVERSE CONDITIONS: PREPARATIONS: STOCKED FIRST AID & ADEQUATE SUPPLY OF PERSONAL MEDICATIONS DEVELOPED PLAN Planned Route Emergency Contact Info • DISTANT MEDICAL SERVICES • NO EMERGENCY PLAN • Evacuation • Severe Personal Injuries

  10. PLANNING FOR ESSENTIALS • OBTAIN A MAP OF THE AREA IMPACTED BY THE NATURAL DISASTER • SEND IN A SCOUT TO ASSESS THE SITUATION

  11. DRINKING WATER SUPPLY ISSUES: PREPARATIONS: PRE-PACK ADEQUATE SUPPLIES FOR EACH MEMBER OF THE TEAM BOIL WATER TO REMOVE CONTAMINATS LABEL WATER TO PREVENT CONFUSION • SHORTAGE OF DRINKABLE WATER • CONTAMINATED DRINKING WATER

  12. FOOD SUPPLY ISSUES: PREPARATIONS: SHORTAGE CONTAMINATED RATIONS CLOSED RESTRAUNTS LACK OF ICE TO PRESERVE FOOD PRE-PACK ADEQUATE SUPPLIES -MRE’S,Canned & Instant Food BRING GRILL OR PORTABLE STOVE

  13. SANITATION SUPPLY ISSUES: PREPARATIONS: WORKERS EATING AFTER CONTACT WITH HAZARDS LIMITED SANITARY FACILITIES ANTIBACTERIAL HAND WASHING SUBSTANCES PROVIDE PORTABLE TOILETS HAND-WASHING FACILITIES

  14. TRAVEL & ACCOMMODATIONS ADVERSE CONDITIONS: PREPARATIONS: RESERVE CLOSEST MOTEL Tents, RVs & Trailers ADEQUATE CLOTHES SUPPLY FOR ENTIRE PLANNED TRIP SAFEST PLANNED ROUTE BACK UP ROUTE • LIMITED ACCOMODATIONS • NO CLOTHES WASHING FACILITIES • INACESSABLE ROUTES • Bridges • Highways/Roads

  15. EQUIPMENT ADVERSE CONDITIONS: PREPARATIONS: GENERATORS CONEX, LOCKS & CHAINS ARRANGE FOR SUPPLY SOURCE BRING SPARE PARTS -Multiple spare tires -Belts -Oil • NO POWER • NO SECURITY • LIMITED FUEL SUPPLY • NO SUPPLY STORES

  16. GENERATOR SAFETY HAZARDS: PREPARATIONS: HEARING PROTECTION POSITION GENERATOR TO MINIMIZE EXPOSURE NEVER OPERATE INSIDE A CONFINED SPACE • HEARING DAMAGE • CONFINED SPACES • Carbon Monoxide

  17. CONFINED SPACE HAZARDS: PREPARATIONS: HEARING PROTECTION CONTINUOUS FORCED AIR VENTILATION NO MOTOR OPERATED MACHINES RUNNING INSIDE ATTENDANT MONITORING FROM OUTSIDE HARNESSES WORN BY ENTRANTS RESPIRATORS • INTENSE NOISE LEVELS • COMBUSTIBLES • OXYGEN DEFICIENCY • TOXIC MATERIAL • Carbon Monoxide • Hydrogen Sulfide • Welding Fumes • Corrosives

  18. COMMUNICATION ADVERSE CONDITIONS: PREPARATIONS: BRING A CRANK-OPERATED RADIO SATELLITE PHONES, RADIO SYSTEMS BRING GENERATOR TO RUN SYSTEMS HAVE EMPLOYEE FILL OUT EMERGENCY CONTACT INFO PRIOR TO WORK • ACCESS PUBLIC INFORMATION • LIMITED CELL PHONE RECEPTION • RECHARGING SOURCE • EMERGENCY CONTACT

  19. HAZARD CONTROL

  20. HAZARD CONTROL: MINIMIZE RISK TO WORKERS • Eliminate the hazard • Modify procedures • Reduce exposure to the hazard • Utilize appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  21. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT GEAR: • APPROPRIATE CLOTHING • EYE/ HEARING PROTECTION • HEAD/FOOT/HAND PROTECTION • RESPIRATORY PROTECTION • FALL PROTECTION

  22. PPE:APPROPRIATE CLOTHING CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: CUTS ABRASIONS SKIN IRRITATION SUNBURN INSECT BITS LONG SLEEVE SHIRTS?? PANTS PROTECTIVE SUITS

  23. PPE: EYE PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: FLYING DEBRIS FALLING DEBRIS DUST SUNLIGHT CHEMICALS FUMES GOGGLES GLASSES

  24. PPE: EYE PROTECTION • OVER 10% OF CONSTRUCTION WORKER INJURIES ARE EYE INJURIES. • MOST COULD BE PREVENTED BY WEARING PROPER EYE PROTECTION.

  25. PPE: HEARING PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: • LOUD EQUIPMENT • Heavy Equipment • Generators • Chainsaw • Saws All • Jackhammers • Lawn Mowers • Weed Whackers • Leaf Blowers • Circular Saws • HEARING PROTECTION • Ear Plugs • Ear Muffs

  26. PPE: HEARING PROTECTION HOURS: SOUND LEVEL, dBA: • 8 • 6 • 4 • 3 • 2 • 1.5 • 1 • .5 • .25 OR LESS • 90 • 92 • 95 • 97 • 100 • 102 • 105 • 110 • 115

  27. PPE: FOOT PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: • HEAVY EQUIPMENT • FALLING OBJECTS • SHARP DEBRIS • TOXIC WATER/CHEMICALS • REPTILE BITES STEEL TOE BOOTS RUBBER BOOTS

  28. PPE: HEAD PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: HEAVY EQUIPMENT FALLING OBJECTS SHARP DEBRIS HARD HATS

  29. PPE: HAND PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: • SHARP DEBRIS • TOXIC WATER/CHEMICALS • REPTILE BITES GLOVES

  30. PPE:INHALATION PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: IDENTIFY POTENTIAL ASBESTOS MATERIALS UTILIZE RESPIRATORS WITH FRESH FILTERS WEAR A MOUTH COVER TO PROTECT FROM DUST • ASBESTOS • MOLD SPORES • FUMES & DUST

  31. RESPIRATORS A. B. C. D.

  32. MOLD

  33. MOLD MOLD NEEDS THREE CONDITIONS FOR GROWTH: FOOD - It’s everywhere (even in the air) and cannot be controlled. TEMPERATURE - 40º to 100º Fahrenheit MOISTURE or relative humidity above 60% -Only moisture can be controlled

  34. MOLD: HEALTH EFFECTS • SOME PEOPLE ARE ALLERGIC TO CERTAIN TYPES OF MOLD • THE PRIMARY MEANS OF EXPOSURE IS BY INHALING THE SPORES

  35. PPE:FALL PROTECTION CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: UNSTABLE STRUCTURES ROOFS • GUARD RAIL • PROTECTIVE NETS • PERSONAL FALL ARREST SYSTEM • Anchor • Lanyard • Harness • ROOF BRACKETS

  36. EQUIPMENT SAFETY LOCKOUT/TAGOUT

  37. LADDER SAFETY

  38. SCAFFOLDING SAFETY CONCERNS: PREPARATIONS: FALLING MATERIAL/TOOLS FALLING FROM SCAFFOLDING UNSTABLE FOUNDATION ERECT 3.5” TOE BOARD ENSURE TOP RAIL IS 38” TO 45” ABOVE PLATFORM SURFACE UTILIZE BASE PLATES AND MUD SILLS ON LEVEL GROUND

  39. SCAFFOLDING SAFETY

  40. WHEN SHOULD PRE-TASK PLANNING MEETINGS BE CONDUCTED? - BEFORE EVERY NEW TASK PRE-TASK PLANNING

  41. PRE-TASK PLANNING ASSESS THE SITE IDENTIFY REQUIRED TOOLS IDENTIFY NUMBER OF PERSONNEL WHO ACCOMPLISHES WHAT TASKS CHOOSE METHOD TO COMPLETE THE TASK WORST CASE SCENARIO HOW TO PREVENT THE WORST CASE

  42. SITEWORK

  43. REPTILES, INSECTS & ANIMALS • WORKERS SHOULD CONSTANTLY BE AWARE OF PLACES WHERE ANIMALS OR REPTILES COULD BE TAKING SHELTER

  44. EXPOSED UTILITIES HAZARDS: CORRECTIVE ACTIONS: DOWN POWER LINES UNDERGROUND UTILITIES CONFIRM WITH POWER COMPANY UTILITIES ARE OFF STAY CLEAR PHONE AHEAD BEFORE DIGGING

  45. POWER LINES • WHAT IS THE MINIMUM SAFE DISTANCE FROM POWER LINES? • 10 Feet • Applies to equipment