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Rhetorical Critique. Neo-Aristotelian Criticism. History. Neo-classical Traditional Neo-Aristotelian The Genesis of Rhetorical Criticism Herbert A. Wichelns, “The Literary Criticism of Oratory” (1925). Literary vs. Rhetorical

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rhetorical critique

Rhetorical Critique

Neo-Aristotelian Criticism

history
History
  • Neo-classical
  • Traditional
  • Neo-Aristotelian
  • The Genesis of Rhetorical Criticism
  • Herbert A. Wichelns, “The Literary Criticism of Oratory” (1925).
    • Literary vs. Rhetorical
    • Rhetoric not concerned with permanence and beauty but with immediate effect.
    • Distinguish between Communication and English departments
the consequences
The Consequences
  • Neo-Aristotelianism became virtually the only method.
  • Rhetorical Criticism became the “Study of Speeches”
  • Subject matter and Purpose
  • Effect on the immediate audience
  • Limited to single speakers
  • Tended toward “elite men” of public affairs.
criticism of neo aristotelian criticism
Criticism of Neo-Aristotelian Criticism
  • Unchallenged until the 1960’s
  • Based on Aristotle’s “Rhetoric”
    • Not designed for the critic but designed to teach the speaker.
    • “Did the speech evoke the intended response?” and “Did speaker use the available means of persuasion?” not necessarily the best questions.
  • Otis M. Walter, “On the Varieties of Rhetorical Criticism” (1968)
    • The Sermon on the Mount.
    • “Were Jesus’s means of persuasion consistent with his ethics?”
    • “What changes in Old Testament morality did Jesus present?”
  • Greece and Rome not Modern Western Culture and too “Rational with “Mechanical Categories”
selecting analyzing an artifact
Selecting & Analyzing an Artifact
  • Analyze Speeches and Famous Rhetors
  • Three Basic Steps:
    • Reconstructing the context in which the artifact occurred.
    • Application of Proofs and the 5 Cannons
      • Ethos, Logos, Pathos
      • (1) invention, (2)arrangement, (3)style, (4)memory, and (5)delivery
    • Assessing the impact on Audience