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Human Resource Management Actionable Governance Indicators Instrument Development. Presentation to Public Sector Governance Board Gary J. Reid May 8, 2008. IEG Review of Bank Support for CSR. Uneven success rates Low in weak public sector management environments

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Human resource management actionable governance indicators instrument development l.jpg

Human Resource Management Actionable Governance Indicators Instrument Development

Presentation to Public Sector Governance Board

Gary J. Reid

May 8, 2008


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IEG Review of Bank Support for CSR Instrument Development

  • Uneven success rates

    • Low in weak public sector management environments

    • Reasonable in strong public sector management environments

  • Factors contributing to these uneven success rates

    • Lack of standardized, systematic country analytic work on CSR issues

    • Lack of standardized, systematic monitoring of CSR impacts

    • Over-promising – Setting expectations too high

    • Lack of consistency in addressing key sequencing requirements of CSR

    • Inadequate attention paid to political economy challenges of CSR


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HRM AGI Instrument Can Help Address Most IEG-identified Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Direct contributions of HRM AGI instrument

    • Facilitate standardized, systematic country analytic work on CSR issues

    • Facilitate standardized, systematic monitoring of CSR impacts

    • Reduce over-promising

  • Indirect contributions

    • Facilitate learning on how to effectively address key sequencing requirements of CSR


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Important Features of the HRM AGI Instrument Design Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Modular

  • Permits users to prioritize across design, practice and performance dimensions

  • Includes Annex to facilitate gathering of important descriptive statistics on pay and employment practices, but employing a given country’s position classifications

  • Facilitates consistent, empirically grounded analysis of HRM policies, practices and impacts

  • Captures data required to empirically analyse what design and practice features actually do contribute to what impacts – i.e., facilitates learning over time.


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What Are AGIs? Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Actionable governance indicators (AGIs) provide evidence on the characteristics and functioning of particular elements and sub-elements of the various dimensions of governance.


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HRM AGI Instrument Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Governance systems features captured

    • Legal framework

    • Design and implementation features

      • Rules (formal and in practice)

      • Capacities

    • Performance evidence

  • By core HRM objectives

    • Attract and retain required human capital

    • Fiscally sustainable wage bill

    • Depoliticized, meritocratic human resource management (HRM)

    • Ethical behavior by civil servants

    • Performance-focusing HRM

    • Effective working relationships with other cadres


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Legal Framework Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Multiple, mutually exclusive public administration labor regimes

    • Political appointees

    • Civil servants

    • Contract personnel

    • Service delivery professionals

  • Sensible divisions of responsibility and authority within each labor regime

    • Policy setting

    • Management of cadre staff

    • Oversight

    • Redress


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Design and Implementation Features: Rules Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Attract and retain required staff

    • Remuneration policies and practices, including pension policies and practices

    • Non-remuneration policies and practices

    • Policies and practices for attracting and retaining staff in unattractive locations

  • Fiscally sustainable wage bill

    • Establishment control policies and practices

    • Wage bill control policies and practices


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Design and Implementation Features: Rules (cont.) Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Depoliticized, meritocratic HRM practices

    • Recruitment and selection policies and practices (entry vs. non-entry level)

      • Competition

      • Criteria

      • Screening procedures

      • Decision steps (long-listing, short-listing, final selection)

    • Equal opportunity policies and practices (if applicable)

    • Disciplinary procedures and practices

    • Redress mechanism

  • Ethical behavior

    • Conflict of interest requirements

    • Code of ethics

    • Asset declaration requirements


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Design and Implementation Features: Rules (cont.) Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Performance-focusing HRM practices

    • Performance accountability of organizational units

    • Personnel performance appraisal policies and practices

    • Promotion policies and practices

      • Competition

      • Criteria

      • Checks

    • Performance-related pay practices

    • Mobility options for certain types of positions


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Design and Implementation Features: Rules (cont.) Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Effective working relationships with other cadres

    • Policies and practices aimed at achieving clear differentiation in roles, responsibilities, authority and accontabilities

    • Policies and practices aimed at ensuring buy-in to those differentiations


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Design and Implementation Features: Capacities Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • HRM policy-setting agents have adequate

    • Authority (organizational stature; legal authority)

    • Resources (staffing #s and quality, staff training, budget, management systems characteristics)

  • HR management agents have adequate

    • Authority

    • Resources

  • HRM oversight agents have adequate

    • Authority

    • Resources

  • HRM redress agents have adequate

    • Authority

    • Resources


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Performance Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Attract and retain required staff

  • Fiscally sustainable wage bill

  • Depoliticized, meritocratic HRM practices

  • Ethical behavior

  • Performance-focusing HRM practices

  • Effective working relationships with other cadres


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Performance: Attract and Retain Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Average number of qualified (long-listed) applicants per advertised position is approximately constant across types of positions

  • Annual turnover rates among recent recruits (e.g., over the first 3 years following recruitment)

    • Average

    • Variation across types of positions

  • Incidence of post-graduate degrees among managerial and professional staff


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Performance: Fiscally Sustainable Wage Bill Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Wage bill is affordable and within overall fiscal framework, and does not crowd out other necessary expenses

    • Wage bill/GDP

    • Non-wage recurrent budget/total recurrent budget


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Performance: Depoliticized, Meritocratic HRM Practices Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Quarterly turnover rates of civil servants (vs. political appointees) mapped against changes in political leadership

  • Quarterly transfer rates of civil servants (vs. political appointees) mapped against changes in political leadership


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Performance: Performance-focusing HRM Practices Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Absenteeism rates

    • Average

    • Variance across

      • Types of positions

      • Organizational units

  • Performance appraisal ratings concentration in the top (or top two) ratings


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Performance: Ethical Behavior of Civil Servants Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Incidence of disciplinary actions short of dismissals

  • Incidence of dismissals for disciplinary reasons


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Next Steps Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • AGI HRM development and roll-out

    • Pilot civil service (CS) module in limited number of countries across most Regions (Moldova, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Ghana, [Yemen], Paraguay, Guatemala, Peru) (June 2008)

    • Complete construction of remaining modules of the HRM AGI instrument (Service delivery professionals (SDP), contract workers (CW), political appointees (Pol)) (July 2008)

    • Revise CS module based on lessons from pilots (July 2008)

    • Roll-out of revised CS module for use in policy, investment and TA operations, as well as in CASs (launch Fall 2008)

    • Pilot remaining modules (SDP, CW, Pol) (Fall 2008)

    • Roll-out remaining modules for use in policy, investment and TA operations, as well as in CASs (launch December 2008)


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Next Steps (cont.) Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • Build broader constituency to endorse and support roll-out of HRM AGI instrument

    • Establish multi-donor working group on HRM AGI Instrument and its use (Fall 2008)

    • Establish international network of CSR leaders and gurus to endorse HRM AGI instrument and its use (Fall 2008)

  • Introduce new standard AAA product based on HRM AGI instrument: Personnel Management Review (PMR) (Winter 2009)

  • Develop HRM Peer Assisted Learning communities of practice in Regions, using the instrument as one tool for focusing the work in those HRM PALs (launch Fall 2009)


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AGI and HRM AGI Websites Factors Limiting CSR Impacts

  • AGI work: agi

  • HRM AGI Instrument: Civil Service Module

    • Legal Framework https://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=YN8KzcIpK6Sz4ajS4sGY6Q_3d_3d

    • Design Features I: Attract & retain, Wage bill sustainability, Meritocratic/depoliticized CS management https://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=N998zag_2byCyFIxGlxfvahw_3d_3d

    • Design Features II: Meritocratic/depoliticized CS management, Performance-focusing CS management, Ethical behavior, Effective working relations across cadres https://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=H5h7MKwPXZJVIx7r0LA9HA_3d_3d


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Thank you, and discussion Factors Limiting CSR Impacts