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Mental Disorders & Suicide

Mental Disorders & Suicide

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Mental Disorders & Suicide

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  1. Mental Disorders & Suicide

  2. A mental disorder is an illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others Mental Disorder

  3. Mental health experts see abnormal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors as signs, or symptoms, of a mental health disorder • Physical factors, heredity, early childhood experiences, and recent experiences can cause mental disorders Mental Disorders

  4. Anxiety is fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn’t pose as much threat as you think • Generalized Anxiety Disorder • Phobias • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder • Post-Traumatic Stress Anxiety Disorders

  5. A person with this disorder displays intense worry, fears, or anxiety most days for at least 6 months Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  6. Anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object Phobias

  7. Obsession = unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind; obsessions can lead to compulsions • Compulsion = an unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  8. People who survive a life-threatening event may develop post-traumatic stress disorder • They may have flashbacks or nightmares that produce intense fear or horror Post-Traumatic Stress

  9. People who have a mood disorder experience extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives • Bipolar Disorder • Schizophrenia Mood Disorders

  10. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive disorder • People experience one normal extreme to the other for no reason • Extremely sad & hopeless followed by feelings of restlessness & over-excitement Bipolar Disorder

  11. One of the most serious mental disorders • Severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness & behavior • ‘Split Mind’ • May believe someone or something controls their thoughts or wants to harm them Schizophrenia

  12. Cannot resist the impulse, or drive, to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or others • Kleptomania- impulse to take/steal items you don’t need or want • Gambling addiction- impulse to gamble even if you have no money Impulse-Control Disorders

  13. A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food • Anorexia Nervosa • Bulimia • Binge Eating Disorder Eating Disorders

  14. Individual doesn’t eat enough food to maintain a healthy body weight • Main symptom is extreme weight loss • Other symptom: slowed heart & breathing rates, dry skin, lowered body temperature • Even though they are very thin, anorexics still see themselves as fat Anorexia Nervosa

  15. Anorexics can starve to death! • In some cases a lack of essential minerals causes the heart to stop suddenly • Causes: • Lack of chemicals in brain that regulate mood • Low self-esteem • Strong desire to please others • History of troubled relationships Anorexia continued…

  16. Individuals go on uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging, or removing, the food from their bodies • People are aware of what they’re doing- they just can’t stop! Bulimia

  17. Most people with bulimia maintain a weight within their normal range, however the cycle of binging & purging has a negative effect on their health • Can suffer from dehydration, kidney damage, & lack of necessary vitamins & minerals • Stomach acid & vomit irritates the throat & erodes the enamel from teeth Bulimia

  18. Individual regularly has an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food & do not purge after • Ends in excess weight gain & unhealthy dieting • Use eating to deal with emotions, like anger or stress Binge Eating Disorder

  19. In what sports do you think eating disorders are the most prevalent? Find an internet article to support your thoughts & write a summary of the article. • 10 sentence minimum, include your opinions & thoughts ASSIGNMENT!!!!!

  20. Clinical depression- Feeling sad & hopeless for months; unable to do activities one once enjoyed • Depression can cause problems at school, home & in one’s social life. • If untreated, depression can lead to substance abuse, serious behavior problems, and even suicide Clinical Depression

  21. About 1 out of every 12 teens will experience clinical depression before they are 18. • After 15, females are twice as likely as males to suffer from depression • Medication is an effective treatment for depression Teen Depression

  22. Risk factors for depression: • Parent or close biological relative with mood disorder • Major life change or prolonged stressful situation • Being the victim of a violent crime or witnessing violence • A previous bout of depression • A sense of hoplessness Depression

  23. Signs of depression: • Change in appetite • Change in sleep patterns • Change in activity level • Hopelessness • Difficulty thinking/concentrating • Repeated thoughts of death/suicide • Loss of interest in usual activities • Loss of energy • Excessive guilt Depression

  24. Self-injury is an unhealthy way to cope with emotions, stress, or traumatic events • People who self-injure are not usually trying to kill themselves, they are trying to feel better • Self-injury can be a symptom of a mood disorder, anxiety disorder, or eating disorder Self-Injury

  25. Suicide is the intentional killing of oneself • In the United States, suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death among young people between the ages of 15-24 • Mood disorders, like depression, are a major risk factor for suicide Suicide

  26. An important thing to remember is that suicidal behavior is a cry for help in dealing with problems that seem overwhelming, so it’s important to show care & concern • If you feel depressed, it’s vital that you talk about your feelings with a trusted adult or mental health professional Suicide