Why be involved Power of parental involvement Barriers to participation What engagement looks like Building capacity Liz Roper, Project Director. FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT. Why Family And Community Engagement?.
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When schools and families work together in a collaborative partnership, students receive the message that school is important.
Factors To Be Aware Of:
2007 74 million children under age 18
2020 80 million children under age 18 expected
2007 Asian 4%, Black 15%, White 57%, Hispanic 21%
2020 1:4 in US Hispanic
1995 15% live in families where 1 parent is foreign born
2007 22% live in families where 1 parent is foreign born
1979 8.5% children age 5-17 speak language other than English
2006 20.3% children age 5-17 speak language other than English
1960 5% of all births
2005 37% of all births: Blacks 70%, Hispanics, 48%, Whites 25%
5% ages 4-17 suffer from emotional/behavioral difficulties
84% of these parents have sought professional help
1970 1 in 2,500
2007 1 in 150 for US children age 8
1997-2003 6% diagnosed &1:10 were males age 3-17
2004 males were more than 2 times as likely than females to be diagnosed
1977 3.7 million
2007 6.7 million
8th graders 12th graders
1991 20% 1991 38%
2006 29% 2006 45%
8th graders 12th graders
57% Blacks 37% Blacks
20% Whites 13% Whites
Conservative figures, roughly 30% of US students are not graduating from high school
Students achieve more when families are engaged and
have high expectations for their children.
National PTA standards for parent and family involvement emphasizes:
Genuine partnership between school and home is possible only when both partners have rich and frequent communication and when all parties are committed to forming lasting and effective partnerships including students.
So why don’t all parents participate?
National study shows 50% drop off in family involvement in high school compared to elementary school
Address parental needs
How do parents want to be involved?
What kinds of knowledge do parents want?
In a positive home learning environment, the parent:
How To Accomplish This?
Professional development topics:
Primary goal is centered on students to increase motivation, achievement, and success.
How To Accomplish This?
Initiate business and community partnerships:
1st identify community’s needs, deficiencies, problems
2nd inventory community’s capacities and assets- individuals, associations, organizations that provide services to community to assist schools
Community schools go further to meet student needs and build social capital, increase opportunities and interactions within the community to support student learning
Attributes of community schools:
Five step process:
Assist families with parenting and child rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families.
Parent education and training (GED, college credit, family literacy, computer workshops, child development, language classes, cultural diversity
Family support programs to assist families with health, nutrition, housing, safety
Home conditions to support learning
Parenting skills for all ages
Information/activities to help schools understand children/families
Family Resource Centers
Annual surveys for families to share information and concerns about children’s goals, strengths, talentsDr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school to home and home to school communications.
Ongoing communication resources -email, website, telecommunications system, electronic language translation, student management software, brochures, newsletters
Information on learning standards, tests, child progress reports, school performance, school programs, reading/math tips, homework tips, school open house , choose/change schools and activities
Two way communication
Folders of students works sent home weekly for parent review
Annual surveys of families’ reactions to school programs and students’ needsDr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Improve recruitment, training, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences in other locations to support students and school programs.
Include parent and community volunteers in the classroom, as reading and math mentors, coaches, monitors, lecturers, chaperones, in sports events, as language translators, and for fundraisers
Enlist parents and community to mentor English Language Learners, special needs, new families
Attend assemblies, performances, recognition/award ceremonies, celebrations
Annual survey to identify interests, talents and availability of volunteers
Class parents, telephone tree to provide families with information
Parent /grandparents patrols to increase school safetyDr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-related activities and decisions.
PRACTICES AT HOME:
Read to your child every day and your child takes turns reading to you. Ask your child questions about the story and characters, predict the outcome.
Homework hotline, place on homework sheet for parent comments
Discussions about and monitoring homework
Curriculum related decisions
Required skills to pass each subject
Interactive homework that requires students to demonstrate /discuss what they are learning
Summer learning packets
Setting academic goals /plan for college/workDr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Include families as participants in school decisions and advocacy through, school councils, committees, action teams, and other parent organizations.
Parents participating on the School Improvement Committee, SIP goals, Parent Advisory, and Leadership Team, School Council, Action Team for Parnerships, PTO/PTA
Design school strategies with parents for academic, attendance, and behaviors
Use surveys to identify needs
Parent training to become advocates
Networks to link families with parent representativesDr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Coordinate resources and services for students, families, and the school with businesses, agencies, cultural and recreational groups, health services, faith based organizations, government and military agencies, and provide services to the community.
Provide information on community resources to help the child or family with academics, health, housing, food, clothing, employment, and counseling
School business partnerships to attain school improvement goals
Alumni participation for school programs
One stop shopping for family services through partnerships of school, counseling, health, job training, recreation
Community services-recycling projects, tutoring, music, etc.Dr. Joyce Epstein’sSix Types Of Parent Involvement
Family & Community Engagement Project Director
Office of Federal Programs
Tennessee Department of Education