Children s health
Download
1 / 22

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 436 Views
  • Updated On :

Children’s Health. Asthma and Environmental Tobacco Smoke Linda A. Jouridine, Ed.D., Extension Health Specialist Linda Adler, M.A., Extension Specialist for Home Furnishings Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service. Framing the Problem.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - salena


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Children s health l.jpg

Children’s Health

Asthma and Environmental Tobacco Smoke

Linda A. Jouridine, Ed.D., Extension Health Specialist

Linda Adler, M.A., Extension Specialist for Home Furnishings

Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service


Framing the problem l.jpg
Framing the Problem

  • Asthma affects more than 17 million people in the United States, and almost 1/3 of them (5.3 million are children).

  • The prevalence of pediatric asthma has increased steadily since 1998 making it the most frequently identified chronic disease in children.


Slide3 l.jpg

Although most children have mild to moderate problems controlled by medication at home and treatment by doctors, others have serious problems that require numerous hospitalizations.


Asthma s costs l.jpg
Asthma’s Costs controlled by medication at home and treatment by doctors, others have serious problems that require numerous hospitalizations.

  • It’s the 3rd ranked cause of hospitalizations among children in the United States.

  • It accounts for one in six emergency room visits.

  • The estimated costs for those under 18 is 3.2 billion a year.


Asthma facts and impacts l.jpg
Asthma Facts and Impacts controlled by medication at home and treatment by doctors, others have serious problems that require numerous hospitalizations.

  • Asthma occurs more frequently and disproportionately among poor and inner city children.

  • There are higher hospitalization rates and mortality for black children than white children.


Asthma facts and impacts6 l.jpg
Asthma Facts and Impacts controlled by medication at home and treatment by doctors, others have serious problems that require numerous hospitalizations.

  • Asthma is responsible for more ER visits, hospital admissions and school absences than any other chronic disease.

  • It’s the most common reason children miss school, and one of the primary reasons parents miss work.


Kentucky statistics l.jpg
Kentucky Statistics controlled by medication at home and treatment by doctors, others have serious problems that require numerous hospitalizations.

  • In Kentucky more than 70,000 children and 130,000 adults suffer from asthma.

  • At Kentucky’s only hospital dedicated exclusively to treating children, asthma is the Number 1 cause of inpatient admissions and the Number 3 cause of Emergency Room visits.


One of the common triggers of asthma in children is environmental tobacco smoke or ets l.jpg
One of the common triggers of Asthma in Children is Environmental Tobacco Smoke or ETS!


Slide9 l.jpg

ETS, aka Secondhand Smoke or passive smoke, is the mixture of particles from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe breathed out by the smoker.


Sidestream or ets l.jpg
Sidestream or ETS of particles from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe breathed out by the smoker.

  • Is actually more dangerous than mainstream smoke.

  • Toxins are not filtered out.


Harmful products found in sidestream l.jpg
Harmful Products Found in Sidestream of particles from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe breathed out by the smoker.

  • 5 x’s as much carbon monoxide

  • 3 x’s as much benzopyrene

  • 50 x’s as much ammonia

  • 4,000 chemicals, 200 of which are poisons and 43 at least cause cancer


Overall harmful effects in children l.jpg
Overall Harmful Effects in Children of particles from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe breathed out by the smoker.

  • Respiratory illness and irritation

  • Ear problems

  • Asthma

  • SIDS

  • Low birth weight infants

  • Cotinine found in urine of young children whose parents smoke


Harmful effects on lungs l.jpg
Harmful Effects on Lungs of particles from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar or pipe breathed out by the smoker.

  • Irritates lungs

  • Causes chronic inflammation of airways

  • Alters lung development in young children


Slide14 l.jpg
Preschoolers are at greatest risk from ETS because they are often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker


Where do we spend time at home l.jpg
Where do we spend time at home often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • Bedroom-524 min for adults and 624 for children (per month)

  • Children are inside 20.5 hours/day; 141 minutes outside and 69 minutes in closed transit


What can be done l.jpg
What Can be Done often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • Community Education for concerned citizens

  • Classroom and school education for appropriate personnel

  • Massive educational awareness campaigns for Employers, Restaurant and Business Owners (especially daycare facilities)


Other common triggers for asthma episodes l.jpg

Cold weather often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

Exercise

Pollen

Gases

Insects and Rodents

House Dust

Dust Mites

Mold

Pets

Feathers

Other Common Triggers For Asthma Episodes


Take action to help control asthma episodes l.jpg
Take Action to often trapped in homes or cars with a smokerHelp Control Asthma Episodes

  • Asthma symptoms and attacks usually get started by triggers.

  • Talk to a doctor about these triggers.

  • Find ways to avoid or control them. Find ways to get rid of them if possible.


Don t re invent the wheel l.jpg
Don’t Re-Invent the Wheel often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Slide Show

  • Sesame Street Preschoolers Project

  • Open Airways for Schools

  • www.nsc.org Community Action Kit


For more information about asthma l.jpg
For More Information About Asthma often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • National Allergy and Asthma Network/Mothers of Asthmatics

    • (800) 878-4403

    • http://www.podi.com/health/aanma

  • U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    • (800) 438-4318

    • http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/index.html


For more information about asthma21 l.jpg
For More Information about Asthma often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

    • (800) 822-2762

    • http://www.aaaai.org

  • Healthy Indoor Air for America’s Homes

    • (406) 994-3451

    • http://www.montana.edu/wwwcxair/


For more information about kentucky l.jpg
For more information about Kentucky often trapped in homes or cars with a smoker

  • Asthma and Allergy Foundation

    www.aafa.org Costs by States

  • Kentucky Healthy People 2010 Asthma Data & Goals for Commonwealth

  • American Lung Association of Kentucky

    P.O. Box 9067

    Louisville, KY 40209-0067

    Phone: 502 363-2652

    1-800-LUNG-USA

    info@kylung.org