Rites and Festivals. Holidays: Times for Communal Involvement. Rites. Circumcision of the male child at 8 days. The whole community celebrates. Male Circumcision. Bar Mitzvah (Bas Mitzvah girl) boy reaches 13 years of age demonstrates acceptance of Covenant. Bar Mitzvah.
Holidays: Times for Communal Involvement
Circumcision of the male child at 8 days. The whole community celebrates.Male Circumcision
Bar Mitzvah (Bas Mitzvah girl) boy reaches 13 years of age demonstrates acceptance of CovenantBar Mitzvah
Jewish marriages are very important. Judaism, like many other religions, is matrilineal.Marriage
For Jews the dead need to be respected and the living need to move on. There are 4 to 5 periods of mourning.
The First Year
Keeping Memory AliveBurial
Pesach (Passover) deliverance from Egypt to move on. There are 4 to 5 periods of mourning.Pesach
Sukkot (tabernacles) Fall Festival. This commemorates the Jews wandering in the wilderness.Sukkot
Purim (deliverance from the Persian Empire). The Queen Esther story.Feast of Purim
Rosh Hashana (New Year) Esther story.Rosh Hashana
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) Esther story.Yom Hakippurim
Hanukkah (victory over the Syrians in 165 BCE) Esther story.Hanukkah
Everything must change
These are Jews who lived in medieval Spain until they were expelled in 1492. Those who refused to become Christians moved to North Africa, Italy and Turkey.Cultural Based
A Yiddish-speaking group of Jews who settled in central and northern Europe. The term in Hebrew referred to Germany.Cultural Based
These are Ethiopian Jews who continue to practice sacrifices in their temples. Israelis recognized them publicly as Jews by airlifting many of them to Israel. However, some do not think that they have been completely accepted by the some of the Jewish community.Cultural Based
Orthodox Judaism Holocaust.
it came into existence after the Reform began.
A branch of Judaism committed to retaining traditional practice and belief.
They are hesitant about discarding any traditional practices.Orthodox
Among the things that they believe are: Holocaust.
In synagogues women are separate from men
There must be a quorum of men for service to begin
Only men celebrate the coming of age (bar mitzvah)Orthodox
Males keep their heads covered Holocaust.
Social roles are strictly separate (trad. Men/Women)
Orthodox household keep strict rules about diet.Orthodox
The Reform movement was too radical.
The Torah and the Talmud must be followed.
Practices can vary from synagogue to synagogue.
Most of the worship service is in Hebrew.Conservative
Members are encouraged to observe kashruth, kosher food laws, Shabbat and holidays.
Change is accepted but with much study and discussion and carefully weighing all traditions.Conservative
The Torah has moral authority but ceremonial and dietary laws are no longer binding.
A need for a Jewish homeland was recognized.Reform Judaism
An emphasis is placed on religious practice, observing the Sabbath, and keeping the holidays.
Most of the services are in English and males are not required to wear coverings.
Men and women can sit together
Women can be ordained as Rabbis.
Reform Judaism advocated religious tolerance, Judaism could be combined with secular culture and embraced many of the ideas of the European Enlightenment.Reform Judaism
Reform synagogue has women and men sitting together, services are conducted in both Hebrew and the native tongue, there are choirs and use of organ.
Traditional ways of dressing are dropped.
The idea is to totally modernize Judaism to be able to survivecontemporary cultures.More Reform
Founded by Mordecai Kaplan. services are conducted in both Hebrew and the native tongue, there are choirs and use of organ.
Individuals in this form are introduced to traditional Judaism but are allowed to individually interpret elements.Reconstructionist Judaism
Such things as angels, prophecy, revealed law, and the messiah are taken as symbols.
God is seen as “the power which makes me follow even higher ideals.”
Judaism is seen as a changing cultural force.
The Genocide of a People
Creation of the State of Isreal