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Self Introduction…. Prepare a 2-minute self introduction for a specific audience – the participants in this workshop Purpose– to make audience want you on their team – Include relevant personal information, professional information, reason(s) for taking the workshop, etc. .

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self introduction
Self Introduction…

Prepare a 2-minute self introduction for a specific audience – the participants in this workshop

Purpose– to make audience want you on their team –

Include relevant personal information, professional information, reason(s) for taking the workshop, etc.

the ap english language composition course
The AP English Language & Composition Course

Course Requirements

  • Teacher
  • Curriculum
  • Learning Outcomes
  • The Test
teacher
Teacher
  • Teacher has read the most recent AP English Course Description available on the AP English Language and Composition Course Home Page
  • Course teaches and requires students to write in several forms about a variety of subjects
course requires students to
Course requires students to…
  • write essays that proceed through several stages/drafts with revision aided by teachers and peers
  • Write in informal contexts designed to help them become increasingly aware of themselves as writers and of the techniques employed by the writers they read
course requires
Course requires…
  • Expository, analytical, and argumentative writing assignments based on readings representing a wide variety of prose styles and genres
  • Nonfiction readings selected to give students opportunities to identify and explain an author’s use of rhetorical strategies and techniques.
course teaches
Course teaches…
  • students to analyze how graphics and visual images both relate to written texts and serve as alternate forms of texts themselves
  • research skills, in particular the ability to evaluate, use and cite primary and secondary sources by assigning projects that ask students to present an argument of their own that includes the analysis and synthesis of ideas from an array of sources
ap teacher provides instruction and feedback that help students develop
AP Teacher provides instruction and feedback that help students develop…
  • A wide-ranging vocabulary
  • A variety of sentence structure
  • Logical organization
  • A balance of generalization and specific illustrative detail
  • An effective use of rhetoric including controlling tone, clear voice, and appropriate emphasis through diction and sentence structure
ap english language course outcomes

AP English Language Course Outcomes

A description of the learning outcomes and the means to achieve & assess these outcomes

we want our students to read well
We want our students to… Read Well
  • Learning Goals:
    • Denotation & Connotation
    • Inference & Implication
  • Read a variety of texts from a variety of genres and historical periods
  • Understand the conventions of the genres and their relationship to rhetorical situations
we want our students to understand and follow directions
We want our students to… Understand and Follow Directions
  • Read essay prompts accurately
  • Recognize there is a pattern to the prompts -
    • Read the selection
    • Write an essay in which you…
    • Pay close attention to the word following “you”
      • Analyze
      • Develop
      • Support, refute, qualify
      • Characterize
      • Take a position on
we want our students to think critically
We want our students to… Think Critically
  • Thinking should not be programmatic nor simplistic
  • What Constitutes Critical Thinking Skills
    • Finding analogies and other kinds of relationships between pieces of information

    • Determining the relevance and validity of information that could be used for structuring and solving problems
    • Finding and evaluating solutions or alternative ways of treating problems
critical thinking 2 getting below the surface
Critical Thinking #2-Getting below the Surface
  • Understanding the meaning of a text before identifying writer’s strategies and techniques
  • To begin by identifying the techniques often leads to a list of parts that may only tangentially relate to the meaning of the text
we want our students to have persuasion skills
We want our students to… Have Persuasion Skills
  • The responsibility of a writer is to convince the reader the writers’ POV is viable
  • We teach persuasion techniques and devices and we want our students to…
  • Incorporate these skills into their own persuasive, descriptive, and analytical writing
we want our students to select evidence effectively
We want our students to… Select Evidence Effectively
  • Teach students to use evidence for which they can provide a clear rationale
  • Eschew novels or other literary texts to gain false credence for an argument
  • Evidence fails to convince if the reader cannot fully grasp its relevance
we want our students to effectively select details
We want our students to… Effectively Select Details
  • Students must understand the difference between “telling” details and details that merely “pad”
  • More details are not necessarily better
  • Three examples may or may not be better than two
we want our students to effectively decipher text
We want our students to… Effectively Decipher Text
  • The trinity of stylistic analysis - imagery, diction, and syntax - is a useful tool to understand how a writer has accomplished the effect.
  • But…tools are only as good as what they accomplish - they have minimal intrinsic value. Maintain balance.
we want our students to develop ethos
We want our students to… Develop Ethos
  • Personal essays have value
  • Students need to learn the value of establishing ethos as a tool in convincing the reader the writer’s POV is viable.
  • Students need to learn how to present personal experience as relevant and appropriate evidence.
we want our students to go beyond the 5 paragraph essay
We want our students to… Go Beyond the 5-Paragraph Essay
  • 5-paragraph essay and other formulistic methods cause more problems than they solve….
    • Lack of individual voice
    • Limitation of Invention to three points
    • Ignoring salient issues and belaboring the obvious
    • Can annoy reader…
we want our students to develope personal voice
We want our students to… Develope Personal Voice
  • Urge students to risk making their own perceptive claims
  • Urge students to create their own organic structures
  • Encourage risk taking
  • Flawed “something” is almost always preferable to the well-wrought “nothing”
course teaches20
Course teaches…
  • students how to cite sources using a recognized editorial style
    • MLA
    • APA
    • Chicago Manual of Style
overview
Overview

I. Preparation for the Exam

II. The Exam

III. The Prompts

IV. Scoring

ii the ap english exam
II. The AP English Exam
  • Date - Wednesday, May 12, 2010 8am
  • Website - apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc
  • The fee for each AP Exam is $86.
  • Fee Reduction - The College Board provides a $22 fee reduction per exam for qualified students with acute financial need. For each eligible student, schools should also forgo their $8 rebate. Thus, eligible students pay $56 per exam.
ii the ap english exam23
II. The AP English Exam
  • Exam Structure
    • How the exam is constructed
      • Committee of 8 (4/4)
      • Psychometricians & Specialists
      • Testing Questions
ii the ap english exam25
II. The AP English Exam
  • Section I - Multiple Choice Questions
    • 45% of grade
    • 54 - 56 questions on 6 readings
    • 60 minutes allotted
ii the ap english exam26
II. The AP English Exam
  • Advice on Multiple Choice Questions
    • First look at and then scan all the readings
    • Note the number of questions associated with each reading - pick readings with the largest number of questions
    • Answer the easy questions first - there are easy and hard questions on each reading
ii the ap english exam27
II. The AP English Exam
  • Advice on Multiple Choice Questions
    • Of the five choices…4 are “distracters”
      • 1 is clearly wrong
      • 1 is partially wrong
      • 1 is the opposite of the right answer
      • 1 is nearly right
      • 1 is right (key)
    • Guess… if you can reduce the possible answers to at least 3 - better 2
    • If the answer is obvious, it is usually right
ii the ap english exam28
II. The AP English Exam
  • Advice on Multiple Choice Questions
    • New Question - At least one of the readings will include footnotes and there will be 2 - 4 questions associated with that reading that refer to the footnotes
ii the ap english exam29
II. The AP English Exam
  • Section II - Free Response Questions
    • 55% of grade
    • 3 Questions
    • 135 minutes allotted of which 15 minutes is devoted to reading provided sources for the “synthesis” question
ii the ap english exam30
II. The AP English Exam
  • Section II - Free Response Questions
    • Advice on Free Response Questions
      • Scan all the questions and pick the easiest for you - maybe start with the “synthesis” question
      • Plan before writing and identify examples you plan to use
      • Timing - give yourself time for all three essays
      • Relationship between short answer and essays
iii the prompts
III. The Prompts
  • Read the prompts carefully -
  • Recognize there is a pattern to the prompts -
    • Read the selection
    • Write an essay in which you……
    • Pay close attention to the word following “you”
iii the prompts32
III. The Prompts

The passage below is an excerpt from What are People For? By Wendell Berry. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you support, refute, or qualify Berry’s argument. Use appropriate evidence to develop your position.

iii the prompts33
III. The Prompts

“Below are excerpts from a crucial scene in Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar…. Read the excepts carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze the rhetoric of both arguments and explain why you think the Caesar finds Decius’s argument more persuasive than Calphurnia’s. You may want to consider such elements as choice of detail, use of appeals, and understanding of audience.”

iii the prompts34
III. The Prompts

“The following passage concludes an essay by Edward Abbey about Aravaipa Canyon in New Mexico. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you characterize Abbey’s attitudes toward nature and analyze how Abbey conveys these views.”

iii the prompts35
III. The Prompts

“From talk radio to television shows, from popular magazines to Web blogs, ordinary citizens, political figures, and entertainers express their opinions on a wide range of topics. Are these opinions worthwhile? Does the expression of such opinions foster dramatic values?

Write an essay in which you take a position on the value of such public statements of opinion, supporting your view with appropriate evidence.”

iii the prompts36
III. The Prompts

“The passage below is an excerpt from “On Want of Money,” an essay written by nineteenth-century author William Hazlitt. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze the rhetorical strategies Hazlitt uses to develop his position about money.”

iii the prompts37
III. The Prompts

“The passage below is an excerpt from Jennifer Price’s recent essay “The Plastic Pink Flamingo: A Natural History.” The essay examines the popularity of the plastic pink flamingo in the 1950s. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze how Price crafts the text to reveal her view of United States culture.”

iii the prompts38
III. The Prompts

“The following prompt is based on the accompanying six sources. The question requires you to integrate a variety of sources into a coherent, well-written essay. Refer to the sources to support your position: avoid mere paraphrase or summary. Your argument should be central; the sources should support this argument.

Remember to attribute both the direct and indirect citations.

Television has been influential in United States presidential elections since the 1960’s. But just what is this influence and how has it affected who is elected? Has it made elections fairer and more accessible, or has it moved candidates from pursuing issues to pursuing image?

Read the following sources (including any introductory information) carefully. Then, in an essay that synthesizes at least three of the sources for support, take a position that defends, challenges, or qualifies the claim that television has had a positive impact on presidential elections.”

the scoring
The Scoring
  • The reading context
  • The training
  • The Rubric
  • The instructions to readers
  • Insider tips
the scoring40
The Scoring
  • 2002 Free-response essay - rangefinders
  • “Carefully read the following passage from Testaments Betrayed, by the Czech writer Milan Kundera. Then write an essay in which you support, qualify, or dispute Kundera's claim. Support your argument with appropriate evidence.”