2004 Changes to ADA-ABA Accessibility Guidelines Alberto Garcia-Paz Lexander Reina. U.S. ACCESS BOARD. An independent Federal Agency Develops Updates accessibility guidelines for new or altered facilities covered by ADA, ABA, in both public and private sectors. GUIDELINES BACKGROUND.
An independent Federal Agency
accessibility guidelines for new or altered facilities covered by ADA, ABA, in both public and private sectors.
The updated guidelines feature:
PART I: ADA APPLICATION AND SCOPING
ADA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION
ADA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS
PART II: ABA APPLICATION AND SCOPING
ABA CHAPTER 1: APPLICATION AND ADMINISTRATION
ABA CHAPTER 2: SCOPING REQUIREMENTS
PART III: TECHNICAL CHAPTERS
CHAPTER 3: BUILDING BLOCKS
CHAPTER 4: ACCESSIBLE ROUTES
CHAPTER 5: GENERAL SITE AND BUILDING ELEMENTS
CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES
CHAPTER 7: COMMUNICATION ELEMENTS AND FEATURES
CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES AND ELEMENTS
CHAPTER 9: BUILT-IN ELEMENTS
CHAPTER 10: RECREATION FACILITIES
302 Floor or Ground Surfaces
303 Changes in Level
304 Turning Space
305 Clear Floor or Ground Space
306 Knee and Toe Clearance
307 Protruding Objects
308 Reach Ranges
309 Operable Parts
402 Accessible Routes
403 Walking Surfaces
404 Doors, Doorways, and Gates
406 Curb Ramps
408 Limited Use/ Limited Application Elevators
409 Private Residence Elevators
410 Platform Lifts
CHAPTER 5: GENERAL SITE AND BUILDING ELEMENTS power-operated doors or gates complying with 404.3. Doors shall remain open for 20 seconds minimum. End doors and gates shall provide a clear width 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Side doors and gates shall provide a clear width 42 inches (1065 mm) minimum.
502 Parking Spaces
503 Passenger Loading Zones
Advisory 505.4 Height. The requirements for stair and ramp handrails in this document are for adults. When children are the principle users in a building or facility (e.g., elementary schools), a second set of handrails at an appropriate height can assist them and aid in preventing accidents. A maximum height of 28 inches (710 mm) measured to the top of the gripping surface from the ramp surface or stair nosing is recommended for handrails designed for children. Sufficient vertical clearance between upper and lower handrails, 9 inches (230 mm) minimum, should be provided to help prevent entrapment.
CHAPTER 6: PLUMBING ELEMENTS AND FACILITIES handrails in this document are for adults.
602 Drinking Fountains
603 Toilet and Bathing Rooms
604 Water Closets and Toilet Compartments
606 Lavatories and Sinks
608 Shower Compartments
609 Grab Bars
611 Washing Machines and Clothes Dryers
612 Saunas and Steam Rooms
607.6 Shower Spray Unit and Water.
A shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1500 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a fixed-position shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided. The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a non-positive shut-off. If an adjustable-height shower head on a vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to obstruct the use of grab bars. Bathtub shower spray units shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.
CHAPTER 7: COMMUNICATION ELEMENTS AND FEATURES handrails in this document are for adults.
702 Fire Alarm Systems
705 Detectable Warnings
706 Assistive Listening Systems
707 Automatic Teller Machines and Fare Machines
708 Two-Way Communication Systems
CHAPTER 8: SPECIAL ROOMS, SPACES, AND ELEMENTS handrails in this document are for adults.
802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats
803 Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms
804 Kitchens and Kitchenettes
805 Medical Care and Long-Term Care Facilities
806 Transient Lodging Guest Rooms
807 Holding Cells and Housing Cells
809 Residential Dwelling Units
810 Transportation Facilities
CHAPTER 9: BUILT-IN ELEMENTS handrails in this document are for adults.
902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters
CHAPTER 10: RECREATION FACILITIES handrails in this document are for adults.
1002 Amusement Rides
1003 Recreational Boating Facilities
1004 Exercise Machines and Equipment
1005 Fishing Piers and Platforms
1006 Golf Facilities
1007 Miniature Golf Facilities
1008 Play Areas
1009 Swimming Pools, Wading Pools, and Spas
1010 Shooting Facilities with Firing Positions