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The United States and World War II and . 1939-1945. Objective. To understand the nature of the Second World War To understand the war aims of the Axis and Allied powers To understand how end of the Second World War and its Consequences To understand the Holocaust. Recap of Causes.

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Presentation Transcript
objective
Objective
  • To understand the nature of the Second World War
  • To understand the war aims of the Axis and Allied powers
  • To understand how end of the Second World War and its Consequences
  • To understand the Holocaust
recap of causes
Recap of Causes
  • Hitler and the Treaty of Versailles
  • Response of the Allies and League of Nations
lead up to war
Lead-up to War
  • Hitler remilitarizes Rhineland in 1935
  • Hitler builds up army and air force
  • Italy invades Ethiopia in 1935; Allies do nothing
  • Rome-Berlin Axis formed in 1936
  • Germany annexes Austria in 1938
  • Germany dismembers Czechoslovakia in 1938
spanish civil war
Spanish Civil War
  • Prelude to Second World War
    • Background
    • Fascists vs. Socialists
  • Response of the Allies
war leaders
War Leaders
  • The Allies
    • The United States
    • Great Britain
    • The Soviet Union
war leaders7
War Leaders
  • The Axis
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
the war in europe
The War in Europe
  • Germany invades Poland on September 1, 1939
  • Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
the war in europe9
The War in Europe
  • Germany invades Western Europe in 1940
    • “Blitzkrieg”
    • Conquests
the war in europe10
The War in Europe
  • Hitler targets Britain
    • Britain and Empire alone
    • Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
the war in europe11
The War in Europe
  • The Battle of Britain (1940)
    • German strategy: Operation Sea Lion
      • Plan
      • Execution
      • Outcome
the war in europe12
The War in Europe
  • Italy and the war
    • Mussolini’s ambitions
    • Hitler’s alliance with Italy
the war in europe13
The War in Europe
  • Hitler turns to the Soviet Union
    • Master Plan
    • Stalin warned
the war in europe14
The War in Europe
  • Hitler invades Soviet Union June 22, 1941
    • Operation Barbarosa
    • Soviet Union unprepared
    • German army sweeps through western Russia
the war in the pacific
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan becomes a major power in Asia in early 20th century
  • Japan militarizes in the 1930s
the war in the pacific17
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan invades Manchuria in 1931
  • Japan vs. United States
the war in the pacific18
The War in the Pacific
  • United States neutral at the beginning of the war
    • Public Opinion
    • Congress passed strict neutrality laws in 1938
    • Lend-Lease
the war in the pacific19
The War in the Pacific
  • Japanese aggression threatened American interests in the Pacific
  • US pressures Japan to withdraw from Indochina
the war in the pacific20
The War in the Pacific
  • Japanese navy attacks Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
    • Plan
    • US declares war on Japan December 8, 1941
the war in the pacific21
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan takes over Southeast Asia and the Pacific
    • Conquests
    • State of US Navy
    • Pacific Theater
the home front
The Home Front
  • Total War
    • Recap
    • Rationing
    • Role of Propaganda
major battles
Major Battles
  • Battle of El-Alamein (1942)
  • Battle of Midway (1942)
  • Battle of Stalingrad (1942)
the holocaust
The Holocaust
  • The “Final Solution”
  • Precedents
the holocaust34
The Holocaust
  • Construction of concentration camps throughout Europe
    • Role of Collaborators
    • Purpose of Concentration Camps
the holocaust35
The Holocaust
  • Six million Jews died in the Holocaust
    • 1 million died in Auschwitz alone
  • Other populations also suffered
    • Gypsies, Poles, Russians, Romanians, etc.
  • Allies informed about the Holocaust as early as 1942 but did nothing
the end of the war
The End of the War
  • D-Day June 6, 1944
    • Allies begin liberation of Western Europe
    • Soviets invade Germany from the East
    • Germany surrenders on May 8, 1945
the end of the war39
The End of the War
  • Surrender of Germany allows Allies to focus on Japan
  • Pacific campaign
allied war aims
Allied War Aims
  • Atlantic Charter
  • Unconditional Surrender
the end of the war42
The End of the War
  • Secret Allied plan to end war with Japan
    • Atom bomb (“Manhattan Project”)
    • US drops first atom bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945
the end of the war44
The End of the War
  • The Yalta Conference (February 1945)
    • Purpose
    • Tensions
the end of the war45
The End of the War
  • Potsdam Conference (July 1945)
    • Changes in Allied leadership
    • Borders redrawn
the end of the war46
The End of the War
  • Division of Germany
  • Occupation of Japan
  • World War II officially ends on September 2, 1945
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