BWE #1 – Sentence Fragments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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BWE #1 – Sentence Fragments

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  1. BWE #1 – Sentence Fragments Josh Walmer, Mike Ye, Tabitha Schade Period: 9

  2. Overview of “the rule” • Definition of a sentence fragment: a group of words punctuated like a complete sentence but lacking the necessary structure • The sentence is incomplete because it either lacks a subject or a predicate, or it is a dependent clause • To fix these sentence fragments, you either add a subject or predicate, or attach an independent clause to the dependent clause

  3. Part of “the rule” - Curing Sentence Fragments with Dashes and Colons • Dashes – • Can replace periods • Offers a way of attaching a phrase or dependent clause to a sentence without having to construct another independent clause • Not widely preferred because they suddenly interrupt the sentence flow • Colons – • Can be followed by a phrase, a list, or a clause • Must be preceded by an independent clause • Like the dash, it abruptly halts the flow of the sentence • Slightly more formal than the dash

  4. Example Sentence #1 – No predicate (verb) Sentence Fragment Possible Correction A novel with extensive characterization and symbolism. The Catcher in the Rye, a popular novel among teenagers, portrayed extensive characterization and symbolism.

  5. Example Sentence #2 – No subject Sentence Fragment Possible Correction As he sleepily stumbled through the front door, Jim took off his shoes. And collapsed on the couch. As he sleepily stumbled through the front door, Jim took off his shoes, and collapsed on the couch. ***The key to spotting a sentence fragment is taking the sentence out of context to determine whether or not it contains all the necessary parts.

  6. Example Sentence #3 – Dependent Clause Sentence Fragment Possible Correction Because my neighbor was playing loud music. I could not fall asleep. I could not fall asleep because my neighbor was playing loud music. ***Dependent clauses do contain a subject and verb, but lack a complete thought. Therefore, they depend on another statement. Subordinating conjunctions help complete a sentence smoothly.

  7. Interactive Quiz Can you really spot and fix sentence fragments?

  8. Rules: • 1. You will be given a sentence • 2. Read the sentence and choose the letter (A, B, C, or D) which provides the missing link to make it a complete sentence • Remember there are three types of sentence fragments: • NO PREDICATE • NO SUBJECT • DEPENDENT CLAUSE • *****HINT: NOT ALL ARE SENTENCE FRAGMENTS

  9. Sentence #1 A record of accomplishment beginning when you first started high school.

  10. Sentence #1 A record of accomplishment beginning when you first started high school. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  11. Sentence #1 Answer • Correct Answer: • B) Verb

  12. Possible Correction to Sentence #1 I have noticed a record of accomplishment beginning when you first started high school.

  13. Sentence #2 Bill watched a documentary concerning the possibility of a World War III.

  14. Sentence #2 Bill watched a documentary concerning the possibility of a World War III. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  15. Sentence #2 Answer • Correct Answer: • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  16. Sentence #3 Since I like fishing.

  17. Sentence #3 Since I like fishing. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  18. Sentence #3 Answer • Correct Answer: • C) Independent clause

  19. Possible Correction to Sentence #3 I am going to the lake since I like fishing.

  20. Sentence #4 Underneath my bed.

  21. Sentence #4 Underneath my bed. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Both A and B • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  22. Sentence #4 Answer • Correct Answer: • C) Both A and B

  23. Possible Correction to Sentence #4 I foundmy textbook from fifth grade underneath my bed.

  24. Sentence #5 Whenever my dad goes on a business trip.

  25. Sentence #5 Whenever my dad goes on a business trip. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  26. Sentence #5 Answer • Correct Answer: • C) Independent clause

  27. Possible Correction to Sentence#5 Whenever my dad goes on a business trip, he always returns with souvenirs.

  28. Sentence #6 Mary Lou ran a 3.5 mile course, and placed sixth out of four hundred total runners.

  29. Sentence #6 Mary Lou ran a 3.5 mile course, and placed sixth out of four hundred total runners. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  30. Sentence #6 Answer • Correct Answer: • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  31. Sentence #7 Jumping into the frigid waters of the Atlantic.

  32. Sentence #7 Jumping into the frigid waters of the Atlantic. • What does the sentence need to be complete? • A) Subject • B) Verb • C) Independent clause • D) Nothing, it’s already a complete sentence

  33. Sentence #7 Answer • Correct Answer: • A) Subject

  34. Possible Correction to Sentence #7 Jumping into the frigid waters of the Atlantic, the couple considered relocating to a warmer destination.

  35. THE END - We hope you enjoyed this presentation on sentence fragments!!