tools for your biological sciences research life sciences year ii students n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 56

Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students). Kenneth Lim 30 & 31 Jul 2013 With acknowledgements to NUS Libraries EndNote Team. Outline. Using the Library Overview of Search Strategies Information Sources & Evaluation

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
tools for your biological sciences research life sciences year ii students

Tools for your Biological Sciences Research (Life Sciences Year II Students)

Kenneth Lim

30 & 31 Jul 2013

With acknowledgements to

NUS Libraries EndNote Team

  • Using the Library
  • Overview of Search Strategies
  • Information Sources & Evaluation
  • Citations & Plagiarism
  • Bibliographic Software & Introduction to EndNote
  • Guides, Tools and Tips
loan entitlement for undergraduates
Loan Entitlement for Undergraduates
  • 20 items 14 days 3 renewals

How do I Borrow a Book?


literature search cycle
Literature Search Cycle

types of database searches
Types of Database Searches
  • Keyword / Phrase Searche.g. Using “horseshoe crab” in Web of Science /Google
  • Field Search e.g. Using Raffles Bulletin of Zoology in the Publication Name field in Zoological Record
  • Subject Heading / Thesaurus Search e.g. Using neoplasms (instead of cancer) as aMeSH (Medical Subject Headings) term in PubMed
boolean connectors
Boolean Connectors
  • OR- eitherof the terms may be present. Used for broadening a searche.g. roundworms OR nematodes
  • AND - both terms must be present. Used for narrowing a search.e.g. parasites AND intestine
  • NOT - eliminate an unwanted concept or worde.g. parasites NOT flatworms
  • ( ) –grouping words or phrases and specifying the order in which Boolean operations occur when multiple operations are present
  • e.g. (A OR B)AND C A OR(B AND C)
exact vs wildcard search
Exact vs. Wildcard Search
  • “ ’’- searches the exact phrase enclosed within the quotes e.g. “avian influenza”
  • * - represent any group of characters or no characters (useful for representing various forms of a term)e.g. biol* - for biology, biological,biologist, biologists
  • ? - represent any single character (useful for singular/plural forms)e.g. cat?  - for cat, cats
  • $ - represent one character or no characterse.g. behavio$r , colo$r , vapo$r (useful for finding both British & American spellings)
production of limulus amebocyte lysate lal
Production of Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL)


alternative recombinant factor c r fc
Alternative: recombinant Factor-C (r-FC)

research topics
Research Topics

Topic 1:

Population studies of Asian Horseshoe Crabs

Topic 2:

Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) and Recombinant Factor C (rFC) as tests for airborne endotoxins

Image Source:

construction of search statement
Construction of Search Statement
  • Step 1: Identify concepts/keywords
  • Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) and Recombinant Factor C (rFC)as tests for airborne endotoxins
  • Step 2: Generate synonyms, alternate terms, abbreviations
  • airborne: air, aerial, dust, aerosol endotoxin: pyrogen, lippopolysaccharide, LPS
  • Step 3: Construct search statement (initial search)
  • (endotoxin*AND(air* OR dust*))AND("limulus amebocyte lysate"OR"recombinant factor c")

“Good artists copy, great artists steal”

- Steve Jobs (1994)

“…competitors should create their own original technology, not steal ours.”

- Steve Jobs (2010)

  • What is Plagiarism?
    • A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and presented as being your own work. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th Ed.)
    • The act of taking someone’s words or ideas as if they were your own.
  • Avoiding Plagiarism
    • CIT Preventing Plagiarism site
    • Proper citation of information sources
    • turnitin software
citations bibliography
Citations & Bibliography
  • Two places to cite the references you have used:
  • within a sentence (in-text citation)
  • at the end of the document (bibliography/references)
why cite
Why cite?
  • To acknowledge the contributor(s) of ideas used in writings
  • To lend support to arguments by referring to authoritative sources
  • To help readers verify your claims
  • To show research done
endnote online guide
EndNote Online Guide

introduction to endnote
Introduction to EndNote
  • A software that:
  • stores and organises references from many sources
  • inserts these references into a Word document, and
  • automatically formats your references according to a predefined citation style
installing endnote for pc
Installing EndNote for PC

For installation issues, contact NUS IT Care

Tel: 6516-2080, Email:

installing endnote for mac
Installing EndNote for Mac

Email software administrator for instructions

the endnote library
The EndNote Library
  • Contains all your references. No limit to number of references, but <100,000 is recommended
step 1 create an endnote library


Step 1: Create an EndNote Library
  • All programs > EndNote > EndNote Program
  • File > New
  • Filename: Test (*.enl)
  • Save
step 2 add references to the library
Step 2: Add References to the Library

Import PDF



Import Text File

Online Search

Manual Inputting

EndNote Library

Cite While You Write

MS Word

method 1 direct export
Method 1: Direct Export
  • Export references directly from database
  • At the database, select the records you want
  • Save, output, export or send to EndNote (Look for “RIS format”)
  • Click Open to transfer records to your EndNote library
method 1 direct export wos
Method 1: Direct Export (WOS)

1. Mark the records

2. Click on EndNote

method 1 direct export pubmed
Method 1: Direct Export (PubMed)

1. Mark the records

2. Send to>Choose Destination>Citation Manager

method 2 import txt file
Method 2: Import .txt File
  • Used when references cannot be exported to EndNote.
  • Very few databases e.g. Factiva
  • At the database, select the records you want
  • Export text (.txt) file and save on desktop
  • In EndNote, go to File > Import
  • Browse and select the .txt file
  • Select Import option > Other filters

Which filter to use?

method 3 online search


Method 3: Online Search
  • Search free databases (e.g. PubMed) and library catalogues (e.g. LINC, Library of Congress)
  • Go to Online Search Mode > More
  • Select a free database or catalogue, e.g. NATL U of Singapore
  • In the online search pane, search by exact title of book or conference proceeding
  • Copy the reference to Local Library Mode
method 3 online search1
Method 3: Online Search

Search by the exact title

2. Select more

1. Click on Online Search Mode (Temporary Library)

method 4 import pdf files
Method 4: Import PDF Files
  • Extracts references from PDF files
  • PDF must contain a Digital Object Identifer (DOI) and is not a scanned document.
  • Steps:
  • In EndNote, go to File > Import
  • Choose either file or folder, and change Import Option > PDF
  • Note: If the author, title, journal, etc, fields are not auto-populated, the PDF could be of the wrong format or have an incorrect DOI
method 5 manual inputting
Method 5: Manual Inputting

Link to the video:

step 3 duplicate references
Step 3: Duplicate References
  • To set criteria:
  • Edit > Preferences > Duplicates
  • To find duplicates:
  • References > Find Duplicates
managing references custom groups
Managing References: Custom Groups
  • Create folders to group (categorise) references

Go back to All References.

Select references and drag into custom group. Alternatively, right click on the references > Add References To > My Groups

managing references smart groups
Managing References: Smart Groups
  • Automatically group references based on your search criteria, e.g.: author/year/title contains/is/word begins with…
  • Note: Any references added to EndNote will be automatically filed in the group, with immediate effect




attaching files to references
Attaching Files to References
  • To set criteria:
  • References > File Attachment > Attach Files
step 4 cite while you write cwyw
Step 4: Cite While You Write (CWYW)
  • Use MS Word to insert citations into your paper
  • Create a paper with properly formatted references, bibliography, figures & tables
  • Tip: Do NOT edit the citations and bibliographies in Word. Edit the reference in the EndNote Library only
  • Tip: To locate citation and bibliography fields, change the MS Word’s Field Shading option
inserting citations
Inserting Citations

Method 1: Find Citation

a. EndNote X6 tab:

Insert citation > Find Citation

b. Search for a word in any field (e.g. title, author)

c. Select the references that you want to insert into your paper

Method 2: Insert Selected Citation(s)

In EndNote library, select a citation

Go to Word and place cursor at insertion point

Click on Insert Citation > Insert Selected Citation(s)

editing citations references
Editing Citations & References
  • Edit & Manage Citation(s)
  • E.g. add page numbers, exclude author, exclude year
  • Edit Library Reference(s)
  • Place cursor in the citation, click on Edit library references and make the necessary changes. Next, click on Update citations and bibliography
change style create a bib section
Change Style & Create a Bib Section
  • To change the citation style
  • EndNote X6 tab:
  • Click on Style > Select Another Style…
  • To create bibliography section*
  • Bottom right corner of Bibliography group > Layout > Bibliography title
  • Type References (or Bibliography)
  • *The bibliography section appears only when you insert a citation
backing up library 1
Backing Up Library (1)
  • Method 1: Save a Copy
  • Creates an exact copy of the library  xxx Copy.Data and xxx Copy.enl
  • File > Save a Copy…
backing up library 2
Backing Up Library (2)
  • Method 2: Compress Library
  • Saves the .enl file and .Data folder into one compressed file
  • File > Compressed Library (.enlx)
  • To restore: File > Open > Open Library…
more information on endnote
More Information on EndNote
  • EndNote LibGuide
  • EndNote X6 User’s Guide
  • Endnote Training YouTube Channel
  • EndNote Updates
  • Output Styles
  • Connection Files
  • Microsoft Word Templates
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Contact NUS Libraries’ EndNote team:
online database guides resources
Online Database Guides & Resources
  • Biological & Life Sciences Subject Guide
  • PubMed Resources
  • Web of Science / BIOSIS Resources
  • Scopus Resources
library proxy stem bookmarklet
Library Proxy Stem/Bookmarklet
  • NUS Libraries Proxy Stem
  • e.g. Prefix a URL with the NUS Libraries Proxy Stem
  • Installing the NUS Libraries Proxy Bookmarklet:FAQ:
accessing full text via google scholar
Accessing Full-Text via Google Scholar
  • Setting up NUS Libraries access in Google Scholar : FAQ:
  • Alternate direct link:
accessing full text via pubmed
Accessing Full-Text via PubMed
  • Setting up NUS Libraries access in PubMed:
  • FAQ:
  • Direct link: