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THE INTEGRAL ASSESSMENT OF BIOTERRORISM THREAT Episode I. Introduction. Konstantyn Atoyev. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Konstantyn Atoyev was born in Tbilisi (Georgia, USSR). Graduated from Tbilisi State University ( Department of Physics). Ph.D. in biocybernetics (1984). Senior member of Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences ( Kiev, Ukraine)
The research interests can be broadly defined as optimization, modeling and risk analysis of epidemiological, ecological, biological and social systems. Author of more than 100 scientific articles and works. Member of SRA.
«These are challenges all nations face, and no nation can meet alone. And so I say again, let us meet them together. We must not give up. We must keep on fighting».
Bill Clynton Remarks to the People of Ukraine in Kiev, June 5, 2000
The events of September, 11 has ob-viously demonstrated the vulnerability of antiterrorist defense system that is currently in piece.
The development of biotechnologies in the nineties has simplified the process of biological agent production to a great extent. It is alarming, as genetically engineered organism might resistant to all known vaccines and drugs.
It is highly contagious, it will be able to harm the great amount of people, like the agents of traditional infectious diseases (anthrax, cholera, viral hemorrhagic fevers etc.).
It also makes these agents accessible to various criminal and terrorist groups [1- 4].
STAPHY-LOCCUS ENTERO-TOXIN B
VIRAL HEMOR-RAHAGIC FEVERS
Smallpox as a Biological Weapon-Adobe PDF version (JAMA, June 9, 1999)
Plague as a Biological Weapon-Adobe PDF version (JAMA, May 3, 2000)
Botulinum Toxin as a Biological Weapon-Adobe PDF version (JAMA, February 28, 2001)
Tularemia as a Biological Weapon-Adobe PDF version(JAMA, June 6, 2001)
Increasing of host’s ability to resist infections
Preverntion from micro-bial invasions
Prevention of infectious diseases
Vaccine Antitoxin R&D
Water treatment, air filtration, pro- per waste disposal
Public health measures
Food contamination or poisoning
Suspending in a wet or dry formulation
1 Utilization of foodborne and water- borne pathogens or toxic chemicals
Main reasons increasing the probability of this scenario
Unprotected and unmoni-tored food displays
Increasing the num-ber of persons with a modicum of training in microbiology
The reasons of low probability of this scenario are that is technically difficult
to ensure pro-per meteoro-logical condi-tions for effe-ctive aerosol dispersal.
to opera- te disper- sal me- chanisms success-fully
to formul-ate patho-gens and toxins for airborne dispersal
Combine certain features of different viru-ses, including their recovering from corps. Sitederected mutagenesis for more difficult identification by immune system.
Alteration of toxin’s chemical strructures Toxin molecule stabilization.
Luck of fundamental information about infectivity, pathogenesis, hostparasite relationships.
Imposibility to modify phenomena controlled by multiple genes.
The problem of pleomorphic effects.
The analysis of the process of biolo-gical weapons spreading came  to the conclusion about possible appli-cations of advanced biotechnologies
for terrorist or criminal purposes in the next five years. This analysis has been done in 1999 .
However, as always...
«A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on».
Sir Winston Churchill
One of numerous lessons of September 11 was the demonstration of problem that previously was not properly addresses
It is the problem of psychological consequences of bioterrorist attacks .
Despite the fact that the great part of spreading powder was not lethal or contagious, in itself its receiving be-came a strong stressor, that influenced intensive psychological pressure in the population. As a result of this pressure, the hysteria in media space and in the general public has arise. However...
«Panics in some cases, have their uses; they produce as much good as hurt. Their duration is always short; the mind soon grows through them, and acquires a firmer habit than before».
Thomas Paine, 1776
So, it has been understood that combined utilization of modern telecommunication technologies and biological weapon leads to a strong multiple effect, that can cause essential damage not only to the health of population, but also to theeconomical power of the country.
In the past we could depend on possibilities of the intelligence to find the production of great amount of biological weapons.
However, the events after September 11 connected with anthrax attack, have demonstrated that even not large volume of biological agents may be useful for bioterrorist aims of producing chaos.
So, we are not now sure that production of so small amount of biological weapon will be noticed. It is clear, that whole system of antiterrorist defense requires the essential revision and newer systems are needed, systems that are better adapted to the modern trend of bioterrorism.
It is neccasary to create the Global System of Epidemiological Defense that covers all space of our Planet.