Lord of the Flies William Golding S4 National 5 Prose Study
Lord of the Flies – Chapter 10The Shell & The Glasses We are learning to: Success Criteria Identify elements of characterisation used. I can: discuss the different reactions of the characters using evidence to support my opinion. • Jotter? • Planner on the desk? • Pen or pencil? Achieving this S.C. means you are on target!
Chapter Summary • Piggy and Ralph discuss the events of the previous night. • Jack and the hunters have set up camp on the rocky outcrop. • Ralph and Piggy try unsuccessfully to re-light the fire. • In an attack on Piggy, the hunters steal his glasses.
Reaction to Simon’s death - Task The boys must deal with the terrible reality of Simon’s death. Find quotations that convey the twins reaction. Find quotations that convey Piggy’s reaction Find quotations that convey Jack’s reaction. 10 mins What are their true feelings about the event? What do their reactions tell us about them? We are not told of Jack’s reaction, but what do you think it would have been?
Reaction to Simon’s death The boys must deal with the terrible reality of Simon’s death. Look at the responses of Ralph, Piggy and the twins. ‘Sam touched a scratch on his forehead and then hurriedly took his hand away. Eric fingered his split lip.’ ‘“It was an accident… He was batty. He asked for it.”’ ‘“It was murder… I’m frightened of us.”’
Ralph’s Reaction • Ralph’s reaction suggests guilt and shock. His statement ‘I’m frightened of us’ alludes to this idea of the beast being something within the boys themselves, which has been unleashed on the island. • This is confirmed for Ralph at the end of the novel where he cries for ‘the darkness of man’s heart’. Ralph’s reaction also shows he is brave enough to face up to the truth of what they have done.
Piggy’s Reaction • Piggy’s reaction shows he is in denial, and so is trying to justify the death. He reveals himself to be dishonest and immature in comparison to Ralph. It was an accident – said Piggy stubbornly – and that’s that!
Sam n Eric’s Reaction • Sam and Eric pretend to have forgotten about the events, showing that they are also in denial. They are unable to handle the seriousness of what has happened. We were very tired…
Excuses for murder • There are childish excuses given to legitimize the death of Simon. • What are the excuses put forward by Piggy and by Jack? • Re-read the chapter and note these excuses down. 5 mins
Aftermath of Simon’s death • The tone is one of hopelessness and dejection among both groups. • Interestingly, both groups try to brush off the incident with childishly-friendly denials. • Only Ralph recognises this death as murder.
Jack the Chief How does Jack run his group meetings in this Chapter?