Renaissance Literature. 董崇選 中山醫大應用外語系教授 「懂更懂學習英文網站」負責人 網址： dgdel.nchu.edu.tw. I. Renaissance 的含義 :. A French word meaning “ rebirth ” Man and the World resurrected ( 復活 ). The revival of humanism. “How beauteous mankind is! Oh brave new world
Man and the World resurrected (復活).
The revival of humanism.
That has such people in it!” --The Tempest
“This goodly frame, the earth ... this most excellent
canopy, the air, look you, this brave o’er-hanging
firmament, this majestical roof fretted with golden fire.”
“What a piece of work is a man! How noble in
reason! how infinite in faculty! in form, in moving,
how express and admirable! in action how like an
angel! in apprehension how like a god!” --Hamlet
1. Geographical Explorations:
馬可波羅、狄亞士、十字軍、哥倫布、 達迦瑪、麥哲倫 等
2. Scientific Discoveries:
3. Invention & Spread of Printing
Johannes Gutenberg’s movable type:
古 頓保 發明 活字版
4. Fall of Constantinople
The Turks, the Greek scholars
5. Movement of Protestantism
新教徒 (抗議教徒) 之運動
Petrarch (佩脫拉克) : Sonnets to Laura
Sonnets to Laura in Life. Sonnets to Laura in Death
A sonnet is a 14-line poem usually expressing Ideal Love.
Such love is pure, lofty, undying.
Petrarch’s sonnets have psychological subtleties but no philosophical depth. The poet is melancholy in contemplation of Beauty. He popularized the verse form.
Boccaccio (薄迦邱) :Decameron 《十日譚》
100 prose tales supposedly told by 10 young men and women who had fled from Florence and were whiling away ten idle days in a villa near Fiesole by telling stories to each other.
“Federigo’s Falcon”: Monna
Pulci, Boiardo, Ariosto : Romantic epics
Machiavelli (馬基維利):The Prince《王者》
the lion & the fox: 獅猛狐猾
Castiglione(卡斯提禮用):The Book of the Courtier 《庭臣寶鑑》
Cellini(伽利尼) : Autobiography 自傳
Comedy of the professional actors. Skeletal scenarios, improvised detail, rigidly typed roles.
Tasso(塔索):Aminta, Jerusalem Delivered
1. the picaresque novel :浪漢小說
A picaresque narrative is an episodic depiction of the adventures of a picaro (“rogue” 惡棍 or “picaroon” 浪漢), whose knavery implicates him in imbroglios which take him from one social class to another. Frequently, he is a social parasite or a person of low estate who manages to exploit those in more elevated positions. The narrative often has realistic detail and tends to be coarse and bawdy.
Lazarillo de Tormes:by an unknown author
2.Cervantes(塞凡提斯): Don Quixote 《唐．吉訶德》
To ridicule chivalry(俠義、俠氣)
Don Quixote vs. Sancho Panza represents Mind & imagination vs. Sense & practicality
3. Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, CalderÒn de la Barca
In Northern Europe & France
1. 荷蘭 Erasmus(伊拉斯瑪斯):In Praise of Folly 《愚蠢頌》
An essay with orations, a catalyst of the Protestant Reformation.
Folly praises self-deception and madness and satirizes Catholic doctrine and corrupt practices.
2. 德國 Martin Luther (馬丁路德):
(95 theses at Wittenberg)
3. 法國 John Calvin (喀爾文): 《基督教機制》
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
1. Villon(維龍)：The Ballade of Dead Ladies (敘事詩)
Refrain: “But where are the snows of yesteryear?”
Theme: the transitoriness of love and beauty
2. Rabelais(拉伯雷):Gargantua and Pantagruel 《巨人傳》
The tallest of tall stories about giant-heroes who eat enormously and drink prodigiously and jest wildly.
The two giants andPanurge, a knave, libertine & coward
3. Montaigne(蒙田):Essays 《散文集》
“Of Cannibals,” “Of Age,” “Of Glory,” “Of Experience,” etc.
「... 無知者，更易講真實...。」 「... 野人，猶如野果罷了... 。」
“All things, says Plato, are produced either by nature, by fortune, or by art; the greatest and most beautiful by the one or the other of the former, the least and the most imperfect by the last.”
4. Ronsard&others ofthe Pleiad: 七詩人
1. More (摩爾):Utopia《烏托邦》
Raphael Hythloday travels to the imaginary island country, where there is no private property, men and women are educated alike, and all religions are tolerated, but no atheism is allowed.
2. Spenser (史賓塞): The Fairy Queen《仙后》
3. Lyly (李利):Euphues 《優菲士》Euphuism(優菲體)
4. Bacon (培根):Essays 論文集
“Of Truth,” “Of Death,” “Of Love,” “Of Friendship,” etc.
「死亡能為人打開美譽之門，消除妒忌；活時受人忌恨的，死後便 也 為人尊敬。」
5. Sidney(席德尼):Astrophel and Stella,
The Countess of Penbroke’s Arcadia
An Apology for Poetry ： 詩人是2nd deity, art 勝 nature
Dr. Faustus 《浮士德博士》: 賣soul 求 pleasure & knowledge 24年
7. Ben Jonson (姜生): comedies of humor 性格喜劇
Volpone (The Fox):satirizing greed or avarice
8. Shakespeare (莎士比亞):sonnets: (154)
plays: King Lear, As You Like It, Henry IV, The Tempest, etc. 悲劇、喜劇、歷史劇、傳奇劇