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Objective: To investigate, recall, and implement safety procedures for the Science Lab. Engage : List 3 procedures you learned yesterday that will help you stay safe in a Science Lab. Explore:. Move around the classroom, CAREFULLY, and compare your answers to the warm-up with 5 other people.
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Objective: To investigate, recall, and implement safety procedures for the Science Lab Engage: List 3 procedures you learned yesterday that will help you stay safe in a Science Lab
Explore: Move around the classroom, CAREFULLY, and compare your answers to the warm-up with 5 other people.
New Objective: Explain that if more than one variable changes at the same time in an investigation, the outcome of the investigation may not be clearly attributable to any one of the variables.
How well do you know your variables?? • You and a partner will be walking around the room and visiting the different “stations”. At each station there will be a scenario to read and variables to identify. Read the scenario carefully and write down the independent and dependent variable on the worksheet. When you are finished move on to another station.
Explain: Scenario 1 Lebron James was testing out his new line of shoes which included three new ultra-performance basketball shoes. Nike told James that using these shoes could increase his vertical jump up to 5 inches. Lebron tested each shoe ten times and his height was recorded. He found the the first shoe averaged only a inch greater leap compared to his current shoe. The second shoe actually caused him to have a lower vertical leap by a .25 inch. However wearing the third shoe Lebron averaged a vertical leap 4 inches higher than he has with his current shoe. Independent: New shoes Dependent: Vertical jump Control: LeBron and his old shoes
Explain: Scenario 2 Mrs. Schulte was baking a cake for Caeden's birthday party. Caeden likes a soft, fluffy cake so she was going to adjust the amount of time that she was going to bake his cake . She normally bakes her cakes for 30 minutes at 350 degrees. She is going to bake four cakes: one for her normal 30 minutes, one for 32 minutes, one for 34 minutes, and one for 40 minutes. Once all cakes were baked and cooled Caeden sat down to try them all. He found the cake that was baked for 30 minutes had the best texture. The cakes that baked for longer time got increasingly dry and tested somewhat burnt. Independent: Cake baking times Dependent: Cake texture Control: Same temperature, oven, taster
Explain: Scenario 3 Coach Knisely was working on improving the speed for her softball players. She has read various training programs and has settled on three that she believes could benefit her team. The first is sprinting with a parachute, the second is pulling a sled, and the third is an increase in the number of sprints done at practice. She chose 6 girls from the team who all have the same 40yd dash times, 5.8 seconds. She placed two girls in each testing group and had them train three times a week for a month. When the month was over she tested all six girls again. The girls who increased the number of sprints ran at practice decreased their time by an average of .05 seconds. The girls who pulled the sled decreased their time by .2 of a second. The group who trained with a parachute decreased their time by .3 of a second. Independent: Training program Dependent: 40yd dash times Control: Girls and training load
Explain: Scenario 4 The other day I went behind my garage and saw that I actually have pumpkins growing! Right now there are three main vines each with 2 pumpkins in it. I know it is too late now to add fertilizer, but I want to be prepared for next year so I purchased three different fertilizers. Luckily for me all of the pumpkins were the same size so all I had to do was add the fertilizer per the manufacturer's specifications. I have not watered them so I am not going to start now. I am going to add the fertilizer for 6 weeks then I will measure all of the pumpkins again to determine which, if any, of the fertilizers worked. Independent: Fertilizer Dependent: Pumpkin size Control: Sunlight, water
Explain: Scenario 5 So it is finally time for you to upgrade your smartphone. You have been carefully looking at the Samsung Galaxy S4, the Galaxy Note, the iPhone 5 and the HTC Windows phone. At a recent family gathering you see that members of your family have all the phones that you are looking at. Besides asking what they think, you wanted to do some tests, specifically for speed. So you grab you current phone, and each of the others and head into the house to check download speeds over your wi-fi connection. Using a website, www.speedtest.net, you check each phones download and upload speed over your network. Your results were: Samsung Galaxy Note, 18.1 Mbps Samsung Galaxy S4, 17.7 Mbps Apple iPhone5, 17.6 Mbps HTC Windows 8x, 16.6 Mbps Your phone, 4 Mbps Independent: New phones Dependent: Download speeds Control: Wi-Fi network, current phone
Elaborate: Let’s try this again • Smithers thinks that a special juice will increase the productivity of workers. He creates two groups of 50 workers each and assigns each group the same task (in this case, they're supposed to staple a set of papers). Group A is given the special juice to drink while they work. Group B is not given the special juice. After an hour, Smithers counts how many stacks of papers each group has made. Group A made 1,587 stacks, Group B made 2,113 stacks. Independent: Dependent: Control:
Duh-oh! • Homer notices that his shower is covered in a strange green slime. His friend Barney tells him that coconut juice will get rid of the green slime. Homer decides to check this this out by spraying half of the shower with coconut juice. He sprays the other half of the shower with water. After 3 days of "treatment" there is no change in the appearance of the green slime on either side of the shower. Independent: Dependent: Control:
Don’t have a cow, man • Bart believes that mice exposed to radiowaves will become extra strong (maybe he's been reading too much Radioactive Man). He decides to perform this experiment by placing 10 mice near a radio for 5 hours. He compared these 10 mice to another 10 mice that had not been exposed. His test consisted of a heavy block of wood that blocked the mouse food. he found that 8 out of 10 of the radiowaved mice were able to push the block away. 7 out of 10 of the other mice were able to do the same. Independent: Dependent: Control: