Intelligent Design vs. Accidental Origin. The Origin of Information And the Genetic Code in DNA By Timothy D. Boyle. Aims of this presentation. The Issue: Can undirected natural processes alone produce information, such as is stored in DNA?
The Origin of Information
And the Genetic Code in DNA
By Timothy D. Boyle
The most compact information storage system in existence.
One teaspoon of DNA could hold the design information of all species of life that have ever existed and still have room to encode every book that has ever been written.
(please stand by)
The 64 “codons” code for the 20 amino acids that make up all proteins
Storage of information in a computer: Long series of 0’s and 1’s arranged in groups of 8 (=1 “byte”). 256 combinations
01100011 10011001 00110010 10100110 10101010
Braille: Series of raised dots (or no dots) arranged in groups of 6.
64 possible combinations for one Braille character =“codon”
What constitutes a language?
DNA has these same components
Encoding system (alphabet)
What’s the difference between these two?
Matter and energy all by themselves cannot produce information. They can only serve as a medium for storing or transporting information.
Information cannot be created without intent.
There are no examples of information that are created without intent.
Matter and Energy are analogous to spatial dimension of length and width.
If one were limited to only two dimensions of space, one’s mobility (creativity) would be severely restricted.
Information is like the 3rd dimension of space. It allows for almost infinite creativity.
1. Deliberate Mutation + Natural Selection + Time = Design
2. Random Mutation + Deliberate Selection + Time = Design
3. Random Mutation + Natural Selection + Time = “Design”? (Darwinian Evolution)
A “God-of-the-gaps” argument is based on what we don’t know.
The “Design Inference” is based on what we do know.
Naturalism actually employs a “no-God-of-the-gaps” argument.
The claim is that science can only function on the basis of “methodological naturalism”
This is true for “empirical science” but not necessarily true for “historical science” (the history of life).