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Ross Operation. Seoul National University Hospital Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery. Pulmonary Autograft. Advantages Autograft is superior to the allograft in terms of clinical or hemodynamic outcomes. Favorable qualities of the autograft, including

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ross operation

Ross Operation

Seoul National University Hospital

Department of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery

pulmonary autograft
Pulmonary Autograft
  • Advantages
  • Autograft is superior to the allograft in terms of clinical or hemodynamic outcomes.
  • Favorable qualities of the autograft, including

1. Excellent immediate hemodynamics, even in small


2. Freedom from a need for anticoagulation

3. Resistance to infection

4. Suitability for use despite congenital or acquired

distortions of cardiac anatomy.

  • Better hemodynamics over time, growth of the autograft, which has been well described and which does not occur in allografts
pulmonary autograft1
Pulmonary Autograft
  • Idea of choice
  • The Ross procedure is not a cure for aortic valve disease.
  • Beyond its technical demands, which are formidable, there are legitimate concerns about long-term growth and durability of the autograft, dilatation of the neoaortic root, and fate of the pulmonary allograft.
  • Ultimately, the decision to perform the Ross procedure or an alternative operation must be tempered to some degree by what that alternative operation is.
pulmonary autograft2
Pulmonary Autograft
  • Aortic root tailoring
  • Aim

1 To overcome the size mismatch (2mm over sized)

    • Adjust aortic anulnus to 2mm smaller than that

of the pulmonary autograft

  • Method

1 Circumferential strips

    • Purse-string sutures around the annular
    • Noncircumferential removal of tissue posteriorly

at the level of anterior leaflet (Triangular excision

between left & noncoronary cusp)

aortic root replacement
Aortic Root Replacement
  • Use of allograft
  • I. Advantages
  • 1. Simplicity
  • Younger patient
  • 1) Annulus is large & noncoronary cusp is deep.
  • 2) Commissures may not be symmetric.
  • 3) Sinuses may have variable diameter.
  • 4) Transverse orifice in a bicuspid valve
  • 2. Decrease in structural degeneration over time
  • II. Principles
  • 1. The allograft should not be made to fit the host.
  • 2. The allograft valve should maintain its inherent symmetry.
  • 3. The size of the allograft becomes less critical.
pulmonary autograft3
Pulmonary Autograft
  • Causes of failure
  • Technical errors during dissection and

implantation of pulmonary autograft

  • Geometric mismatch between the two

semilunar valves

  • Late endocarditis
  • Immunologically mediated injury
  • Structural changes in the autograft that predispose to dilatation of the autograft
ross procedure
Ross Procedure
  • Disadvantages
  • Technical demands, which are formidable
  • Legitimate concerns of long-term growth
  • Durability of the autograft
  • Dilatation of the neoaortic root
  • Fate of the pulmonary allograft
ross procedure1
Ross Procedure
  • Contraindications
  • The pulmonary valve may be congenitally absent or deformed
  • The pulmonary valve may be damaged by acquired disease, or compromised by previous surgical procedures
  • Certain connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan syndrome, probably affect pulmonary valve & disqualify it from consideration
ross procedure2
Ross Procedure
  • Factors of late results
  • Cellularity of the semilunar valve decreases with age,
  • Ross operation may not be appropriate for elderly.
  • Adjust diameter of the aortic annulus and of the
  • sinotubular junction to those diameters of the
  • pulmonary autograft
  • Pulmonary homograft is more durable than the aortic
  • homogaft
  • Neither the diameter of aortic annulus, nor sinotubular

junction should exceed the length of the free margin

of the leaflet

ross procedure3
Ross Procedure
  • Arrhythmia
  • 1. Underlying potential for ventricular arrhythmia
  • because of pressure & volume overload
  • 2. Damage the septal branches of the LAD causes
  • myocardial ischemia & ventricular ectopy
  • 3. Coronary artery transfer may lead to the areas of
  • myocardial ischemia & rhythm abnormalities.
  • 4. Annular-enlarging procedures or muscle resection
  • in subaortic area damage the conduction system.
ross operation1
Ross Operation

Harvest of Autograft

ross operation2
Ross Operation

Harvest of Autograft

ross operation3
Ross Operation

RVOT Reconstruction using Homograft

ross operation4
Ross Operation

Subcoronary Inclusion Technique

ross operation5
Ross Operation

Subcoronary Inclusion Technique

ross operation6
Ross Operation

Aortic Root Replacement Technique

ross operation7
Ross Operation

Aortic Root Replacement Technique

ross konno procedure
Ross-Konno Procedure
  • Widened Interventricular Septum (Ventriculoseptoplasty)
modified konno procedure
Modified Konno Procedure
  • Subaortic left ventricular outflow tract is augmented by
  • a patch which closes created ventricular septal defect
heart valve construction autologous pulmonary artery segment
Heart Valve Construction AutologousPulmonary Artery Segment
  • Involution method of valve construction and surgical implantation