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4 th Biennial Rosenberg International Forum on Water Policy Turkey,7-8 th September,2004. Overview of the Nile Basin Initiative Programs . by Patrick Kahangire, Executive Director,Nile-Sec. Key Challenges Poverty, History demography(600 by2025, Vulnerability
4th Biennial Rosenberg International Forum on Water PolicyTurkey,7-8th September,2004 Overview of the Nile Basin Initiative Programs. by Patrick Kahangire, Executive Director,Nile-Sec
Key Challenges • Poverty, • History • demography(600 by2025, • Vulnerability • Economics-nothing flows • Degradation,... TheNileBasin • Burundi • D.R. Congo • Egypt • Eritrea • Ethiopia • Kenya • Rwanda • Sudan • Tanzania • Uganda Opportunities Win-win development projects (food production, energy, transport, flood control, industrial growth, envir. Watershed,…
The Shared Vision “To achieve sustainable socio-economic development through equitable utilization of, and benefits from, the common Nile Basin water resources.”
Shared Vision Shared Vision Program Subsidiary Action Prog. Action on the ground Strategic Action Program for the Nile Basin Main Tasks • Create an enabling environment for cooperative investments and action on the ground, within a basin-wide framework. • Promote Shared Vision through a limited, but effective, set of sub-regional activities and projects. - NBI Policy Guidelines
SVPProjectPortfolio Function Type Project • Common Elements • Basin-wide engagement and dialogue • Dev. Strategic & analytical frameworks • Dev. Best practical tools & demost. • Stakeholder involvement • Human & institutional capacity 1. Nile Transboundary Environmental Action T H E M A T I C 2. Nile Basin Regional Power Trade 3. Efficient Water Use for Agricultural Production 4. Water Resources Planning & Management 5. Confidence Building & Stakeholder Involvement F A C I L I T A T I V E 6. Applied Training 7. Socio-Economic Development & Benefit Sharing 8. SVP Coordination
Preparation of the SVP: Reaching Consensus on ‘The What’ NBI Policy Guidelines Priority Projects COM Endorsement ICCON Working Group Meetings NBI Framework Project Concepts Project Documents ‘The What’ SVP Portfolio Donor Partnerships & Financing Feb 99 May 99 Dec 99 Jul 00 Mar 01 Jun 01 A complex, multi-country, participatory process
Implementation Arrangement – Decentralized Approach Confidence Building Nile-SEC HQ Project Management Units: Environment Sudan Power Trade Tanzania Agriculture Kenya Water Resources Ethiopia Applied Training Egypt Benefit Sharing Uganda/Nile- SEC HQ SVP Coordination Project Nile-SEC
Subsidiary Action Programs • Investment projects planned at the lowest appropriate level - within the basin-wide framework • Aimed at poverty reduction, economic development & reversal of environmental degradation • Seeking win-win opportunities between riparian countries
Sudan Egypt Kenya Eritrea DRC Global(ICCON incl. International Discourse) Ethiopia Burundi Rwanda Tanzania Eastern Nile sub basin Nile Equatorial Lakes sub-basin Uganda Nile Basin (SVP, Cooperative Framework)
The Eastern Nile Subsidiary Action Program • Egypt • Ethiopia • Sudan The Technical regional Office (ENTRO) Established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, June 2002
Integrated Development of Eastern Nile Projects • Eastern Nile Planning Model • Baro-Akobo Multi-purpose water resources development • Flood Preparedness and Early Warning • Ethiopia –Sudan Transmission Interconnection • EN Power Trade Investment Program • Irrigation and Drainage • Watershed Management.
Nile Equatorial Lakes Region Subsidiary Action Program (NELSAP) Burundi Rwanda DRC Sudan Egypt Tanzania Kenya Uganda The Coordination Unit NEL-CU established Dec 2001 In Entebbe relocated to Kigali-Rwanda (Jan /04)
Environment & Natural Resources Management 3 River Basin Management Projects (Mara, Kagera, Sio-Malaba-Malakisi) Regional Agriculture project Fisheries & Catchment Management Project for Lake Albert and Lake Edward Water Hyacinth Abatement in the Kagera River Hydropower Development & Power Trade in the NEL region (Bur, DRC, Ken, Rwa, Tan, Uga) Rusumo Falls HEP (BUR, RWA, TAN) Ranking and Feasibility Study of HEPs in NEL-region Four Transmission interconnection projects:Ken-Uga; DRC-Bur-Rwa; Bur-Rwa; Uga-Rwa 12 NELSAP Projects identified for preparation
Project Execution-SVP Promotes ownership: Nile-COM • Oversees portfolio & provides overall guidance on policy matters Nile-TAC • Reviews project portfolio and provides technical advice to Nile-COM Nile-SEC • Serves as executing agency with overall responsibility for project delivery on behalf of Nile countries through Nile-COM/Nile-TAC • Ensure integration, coordination, info-sharing and M&E
Financing Arrangements:Nile Basin Trust Fund (NBTF) Nile-COM, March 2001 decided: • Request to World Bank to establish Nile Basin Trust Fund (NBTF) • Preferred funding mechanism for SVP • Trust Fund Committee (riparian & donors) • Trust Fund administered by World Bank • Eventual transfer of TF to Nile Basin institution
Issues • Not all donors agree to use preferredTrust Fund arrangement; • Implementation process is long; • Not all priorities of governments are included and not all projects get financing; • The process and implementation coordination are costly, and high accountability standards; • High expectations & therefore priority for investment oriented projects (stakeholders tired of meetings and capacity building!)
Countries’ Contributions. • Contribute in kind to the SVP implementation equivalent to $14million plus Cash eg taxes • Continued to finance operating costs of the NBI Secretariat, TAC and COM. • Establishment and maintenance of national NBI Offices • Investment projects
Critical Elements and Lessons • A Shared Vision • Strong riparian ownership • Effective lead donor/partner • Partnership and commitment of donors/partners (funds, technical and facilitation) • Flexible financing mechanisms • Basin specific priorities based on the situation
Critical Elements and Lessons (continued) • Staying with the process by incremental steps, • Multi-track approach to create incentives for the process and demonstrate benefits, • Adequate funding and investments for the process (time money, expertise, political, etc.) and coordination CRITICAL,
Efforts and Strategies 5 + bn $ Major infrastructure 1- 2 bn $ Fast track projects • Sustain cooperation and partnerships • Implement initial set of projects basin wide • Stakeholder participation, confidence, • capacity building, and plan investments • Strengthen institutional arrangements • Continue mobilising resources $ 150 m grants • Initiate engagement • Develop shared vision • Setup institution • Policies and guidelines • Mobilise support and partners • Set agenda and programs $ 10 m grants