Picasso’s Use of 2-Dimensional Line to Create Art. Unit Portfolio Presentation John Q. Student. Picasso began his career as a portrait painter. As Picasso became successful, he could afford to indulge in his curiosity about how line captures and expresses form.
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Unit Portfolio Presentation
John Q. Student
Pablo Picasso created 'Bull' around the Christmas of 1945. 'Bull' is a suite of eleven lithographs that have become a master class in how to develop an artwork from the academic to the abstract. In this series of images, all pulled from a single stone, Picasso visually dissects the image of a bull to discover its essential presence through a progressive analysis of its form. Each plate is a successive stage in an investigation to find the absolute 'spirit' of the beast.Bull ( Plate I. - December 5 1945 )(eleven developments of a lithograph)Museum of Modern Art, New York
To start the series, Picasso creates a lively and realistic brush drawing of the bull in lithographic ink. It is a fresh and spontaneous image that lays the foundations for the developments to come.
Ten years earlier Picasso had said that "A picture used to be a sum of additions. In my case a picture is a sum of destructions."
First, he reduces its massive head and compresses its features into the small area that was previously the bull's forehead. By enlarging the eye and flattening its horns into a more lyrical design, he creates a sharper focal point at the front of the animal.
Picasso introduces more curves to soften the network of lines that crisscross the creature. Once again he adjusts the line of the back which now begins as wave on the shoulders and flows like a pulse of energy along the length of its body. The two counterbalancing lines discussed in the previous plate are extended down the front and back legs to act like structural supports for the weight of the bull. All three of these lines intersect at a point that suggests the bull's centre of balance.
Dürer, Albrecht. Rhinoceros. Woodcut, 1515.
“Pablo Picasso.” Art Appreciation. Arty Factory.
2 Feb. 2010. <http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/
Vasari, Georgio. A History of Art. “Picasso.” New York: Park Lane, 2001.