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Regional ITU Workshop on Bridging the standardization Gap (Algiers, Algeria, 26-28 September 2011 ). Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries. Tarek Moh. El Ebiary, Director, Type Approval NTRA, Egypt. Agenda. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipment; Impact on ICT market;

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raising standardization culture in developing countries

Regional ITU Workshop on Bridging the standardization Gap(Algiers, Algeria, 26-28 September 2011 )

Raising Standardization Culture in Developing Countries

Tarek Moh. El Ebiary,

Director, Type Approval

NTRA, Egypt

agenda
Agenda
  • Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipment;
  • Impact on ICT market;
  • NTRA best practices curbing low quality products;
  • Conclusions;
  • Recommendations.
i counterfeit non complying equipments
I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments

The legal definition under trademark law describes counterfeit product as a product bearing a mark that is identical with or substantially indistinguishable from a genuine registered trademark

i counterfeit non complying equipments continued
I. Counterfeit & Non-complying Equipments (continued)

Not only Counterfeit equipments & trademarks have reached the ICT sector, but also “COPY “ , “FAKE” & Non-complying products.

“Exact Copy”“misleading appearance”

  • Low quality materials
  • Avoid key manufacturing steps
        • Reduce Cost
ii impact on ict market
II. Impact on ICT market
  • Consumer exposed to money, health & safety risks;
  • Non-competitive environment:
      • Disincentive for investors, International & Domestic, affecting Trade & Manufacturing,
      • Losing thousands of jobs,
      • Reduction of Tax revenues.
  • Extra burden on Service providers;
      • QoS, After Sales Services,
      • Ex: Mobile phone handover 900/1800Mhz-(2009),
iii egypt best practices
III. Egypt Best Practices
  • 2003: Telecom Act: Considering curbing counterfeit & non-complying ICT products
    • Monitoring Importation & Customs --->Issuing Clearance permit; (Articles 48 - 77)
    • Monitoring Compliance & Quality ---> Issuing Type Approval Certificate; (Articles 44 -48)
iii egypt best practices continued
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • Equipments compliance achieved through:
      • Declaration of Conformity certificate “DoC” or “FCC ID”, (USA, Canada, Europe, Japan, South Korea, Australia), (light regime);
      • Test reports from accredited international test labs over the 5 continents, (Other countries not including China), (tight regime);
      • Verification of Conformity certificate (VoC) & Pre-shipment verification from NTRA accredited labs in China, (Special regime);
  • ITU / ETSI / CENELEC / IEC standards adopted.
iii egypt best practices continued1
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • Jan 2005: Labeling requirements directives:
      • Mandatory FCC-ID / CE-NBID Certification Marks;
      • More Involvement of Certification bodies;
  • July 2005: NTRA Internationally Accredited Test Labs & Certification Bodies published on NTRA website;
iii egypt best practices continued2
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • 2006: NTRA ICT TE Test Lab:
      • Wireless TE Test Set (3 MHz to 6 GHZ) Signalling test Mobile GSM 2G/3G,CDMA 2000 FWT, Cordless Phones .9/2.4/5.8 GHz, HF/VHF/UHF Transceivers);
      • 1.88-1.9Ghz DECT phones;
      • Analogue wired phones;
      • EMC Test system (Immunity/Emission, Semi-anechoic chamber) (RFP – Jan 2012);
iii egypt best practices continued3
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • 2007: Chinese products special arrangement:
      • CE Verification of Conformity certificate / NTRA Accredited labs in China;
      • ( BV-ADT, CTTL, Intertek, SGS, TUV )
  • Based on full testing or issued based on technical evidence
  • submitted from an internationally recognized lab.
      • Shipment verification / NTRA accredited Labs in China;
    • Manufacturer, importer, Model #, Serial, Qty, Cartons #, …
iii egypt best practices continued5
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • 2008: New Market Surveillance Department:
      • Market Surveillance Plus Type Approval;
      • Samples collected from market, Cooperation with Telecom Police;
      • Market Surveillance policies, strategies, databases, law enforcement, sales bans, fees & fines – Coordination with the German regulator;
iii egypt best practices continued6
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)
  • 2010: GSMA Agreement:
      • White list Weekly update IMEI TAC White list;
      • Combat handset theft issue;
      • Illegal, Fake, NULL & Cloned IMEIs;
      • Health & Safety concerns;
      • 5–8% of Handsets developing countries;
      • 3.5M one illegal IMEI (13579024681122)
      • 0.1M Null,0.35M zeros, .5M Fake, .25M Cloned
  • 2010: Central EIR IMEI database solution:
iii egypt best practices continued7
III. Egypt Best Practices (continued)

SS7

SS7

SS7

MSC

MSC

MSC

  • Central EIR IMEI database solution

NTRA ‘Master’ EIR“NTRA database”

Develop National Black list

Management of all EIR data

Developed International White List ranges

System LVL

Lists & configuration data

GSMA Global Database (GSMA Agreement)

Master/Slave relationship (download-reporting)

Vodafone ‘Slave’ EIR

Etisalat ‘Slave’ EIR

MobiNil ‘Slave’ EIR

Network LVL

Operation / Authentication

Check IMEI requests with Black, White responses

Vodafone network

Etisalat network

MobiNil network

iv conclusions
IV. Conclusions
  • There is market demand for these products due to:
      • Consumer Standardization awareness & culture, (20-25%);
      • Consumer economic status:
        • Low cost / unreliable operational,
        • High cost / reliable fully functioning,
        • Small/medium companies,
        • Ex: Cisco Router 1721,
          • Counterfeit 250$ , Genuine 1000$
  • Very weak local manufacturing of ICT TE;
    • Reasonable prices for quality products,
    • Support & perform consumer awareness campaigns.
iv recommendations
IV. Recommendations
  • Adopt balanced Government Policies towards encouraging ICT Eq. manufacturing;
    • Creating manufacturing Competitive environment;
    • Subsidizing initiation of ICT Eq. Test labs;
    • Proactive testing training activities;
  • Aggressive Market surveillance activities;
  • Raising consumer awareness through campaigns & introducing Certification Marks,
  • Regulators R&D departments to work & coop with research & academic institutes,
  • Membership & participation in international & regional standardization meetings, workshops; STGs
slide17

Thank you for your attention

Any Questions?

telebiary@tra.gov.eg