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Effective strategies for ICT development. WTO & the Role of Regulators ITU-WTO Workshop on Telecom & ICT Regulation 1-7 December 2004, Geneva. The ICT Trade Implications Why telecom remains a priority. Agriculture/ commodities. Other Services. Industrial goods. Transport. Insurance.

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effective strategies for ict development

Effective strategiesfor ICT development

WTO & the Role of Regulators

ITU-WTO Workshop on Telecom & ICT Regulation

1-7 December 2004, Geneva


The ICT Trade Implications

Why telecom remains a priority




Industrial goods






e trade a pilot study
E-tradeA pilot study

Source:E-Commerce - beyond 2000 , Australian National Office for the Information Economy, 1999

why wto
Why WTO?
  • GATS obligations & commitments- allow market signals to favor innovation & affordability
  • TBT Agreement – make new technology standards non-discriminatory & transparent
  • ITA Agreement - reduce cost of the equipment permitting extended access
  • TRIPS Agreement - protect intellectual property to stimulate innovation
why gats
  • Customer uses a computer or other access device: computer services
  • Logs onto internet: communication services
  • Goes to a web site with product information: advertising services
  • Orders a product: distribution services
  • Pays for it: financial services
  • Downloads it or has it mailed: delivery services
convergence gats negotiations
ConvergenceGATS Negotiations

Negotiators have noted...

  • Blurring lines between telecom, computer & audiovisual transmission services
  • Increasingly integrated service offerings
  • Resulting challenges for classification scheme, overlap of different scheduled commitments, scope of regulatory obligations
convergence gats negotiations1
ConvergenceGATS Negotiations

Negotiators suggest...

  • Fullest possible liberalization across the broad spectrum of telecom & ICT services?
  • Technology neutral telecom commitments?
  • Apply reference paper to broader range of telecom services?
  • More commitments on cross-border supply?

GATS: Cross border access today

(By number of governments)

implications for regulators as more business consumers go on line
Implications for regulatorsAs more business & consumers go on-line
  • Ensure reasonable and non-discriminatory access to basic telecoms for all – Telecom Annex access & use guarantees
  • Foster competitive communications market place – lock-in effect of scheduled GATS market access commitments
  • Facilitate innovation – technology neutral GATS commitments and regulations
  • Maintain effective competition safeguards – Reference Paper on regulatory principles