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German Features. Reference. Around the world , German is spoken by approximately 105 million native speakers and also by about 80 million non native speakers . Even when English is an universal language; German continues having and impact i n people communication

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German features

GermanFeatures

Reference

Aroundtheworld, Germanisspokenby

approximately 105 millionnativespeakers

and alsobyabout 80 millionnon nativespeakers.

Even when English is an universal language;

German continues having and impact

in people communication

German is a language that came from

Proto Indo European Languages even

the time this language continues keeping some of these language` features

Comment


German features

In Germanall of thethreegenders of

theProto Indo EuropeanLanguages; themasculine, thefeminine,

and theneuter

Reference

Comment

It means that German language kept Proto Indo European features in order to get its own grammar aspects.

It is a little different from English language because in English we will find just masculine and feminine nouns. On the other hand; German classify some nouns as neuter.


German features

Reference

Second position doesnotequalsecondword,.

It is a big difference between German Language and English language because in English the second position almost always is equal to a second word. However, in German a second position does not mean a second word at all .

Comments

Example

  • He knows.

  • Der Mann weiß.


German features

Reference

It is other important difference between these two languages. All the German` nouns are capitalized but in English it is happening just for personification or at the beginning of one sentence .

Comment

  • Other example is the vowel /e/ at the end of German` words because almost any of these words have a silent /e/ as we have in English` words

  • Example name (German), name (English)

Comment


German features

Reference

Comment

It is a similarity between these two languages ; in this case

both of them have the same grammar feature


German features

Links English by the direct object pronoun “her”, so it would be “I see her”, the same thing happens in GermanbetweenGerman

and

EnglishLanguages

Voiceless sounds become voiced between vowels

1

Sieben

(German)

Seven

(English)

In this example we can see how /b/ in “sieben” was replace by a voiced consonant /v/ in “seven” placing it between vowels. Also; there is not a lot of difference in pronunciation from German to English in this example


German features

Stops become fricatives (under certain conditions) English by the direct object pronoun “her”, so it would be “I see her”, the same thing happens in German

2

Ship

(English)

Schiff

(German)

This is other example how German is not totally different from English. The stop consonant /p / in “ship” was replaced by the consonants /ff/ which are fricative consonants. Also; the pronunciation is not different at all.


German features

Consonants become voiceless at the end of words English by the direct object pronoun “her”, so it would be “I see her”, the same thing happens in German

3

Bit

(English)

Biss

(German)

Taking into account some similarities between modern English and German languages

I would like to say that this example shows how the final consonant became

Fricative in the German` word. At the same time; I would like to mention

that the pronunciation does not differ a lot


German features

Getting a new structures English by the direct object pronoun “her”, so it would be “I see her”, the same thing happens in German

4

Telefonummer

(German)

Telephonenumber

(English)

It is a very easy example in which we can see how a grammar feature changed getting a big difference. In German example we have just home joined word but we are able to understand it. On the other hand; in English example we get two new words expressing the same meaning that we understood from the German example


German features

Cognates words English by the direct object pronoun “her”, so it would be “I see her”, the same thing happens in German

5

Willkommen

(German)

Welcome

(English)

In this example we have the same word` base but there is a reconstruction and elimination of repetitive consonants in the German example. At the end we get the same word without some consonants