l innovation dans la collaboration cole communaut innovation in school community collaboration n.
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L’innovation dans la collaboration école/communauté Innovation in School - Community Collaboration. Francis Gagnon 1,3 Angèle Bilodeau 2 Jean Bélanger 1 Nathalie Lussier 1,3. (1) Université du Québec à Montréal (2) Université de Montréal

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l innovation dans la collaboration cole communaut innovation in school community collaboration

L’innovation dans la collaboration école/communauté Innovation in School-Community Collaboration

Francis Gagnon1,3

Angèle Bilodeau2

Jean Bélanger1

Nathalie Lussier1,3

(1) Université du Québec à Montréal(2) Université de Montréal

(3) Programme de formation stratégique en recherche en santé publique et en santé des populations

introduction
Introduction
  • CONTEXT: There is a call for additional innovation and collaboration between school and communities to:
    • Mobilize knowledge and resources from a variety of sectors
    • Respond in a different way to academic failures and health inequalities in underprivileged neighborhoods
  • RESEARCH QUESTION: Through what arrangements do schools and communities innovate to help children succeed in primary school?
methods 1
Methods (1)
  • Comparative analysis of two socio-economically underprivileged Montreal communities:
    • A ‘concerted’* community, that benefits from a program supporting local and collective action
    • A ‘non-concerted’ community

*A concerted community is one with structures through which community members consult each other on planning and collaborate on actions

methods 2
Methods (2)
  • Data sources:
    • Individual and group interviews
      • Eight community partners
      • Eight school administrations
      • Thirty-two teachers
      • Two coordinators of homework help service
    • Official documents from schools and partners
  • Conceptual framework: sociology of innovation
  • Analytical method: Miles and Huberman
  • Validation of various cases with participants
results
Results
  • We found 3 models of arrangements:
    • 1. In the two communities: school/community collaborations in response to basic needs related to health, diet, social work, sports and leisure
    • 2. In the concerted community: school/community collaborations on academic and family support for homework
    • 3. In the non-concerted community: collaborations among school staff to offer homework assistance to childrens
slide6

1

Arrangements

Activated mechanisms

School-community network

Social/material support

Meeting basic needs

c

Coordination:

Information exchange, case referral, access to clientele and to infrastructure

Interactions improve access to existing services but do not change practices

slide7

In concerted community

2

Arrangements

Activated mechanisms

Children’s Skills: academic, socio-affective, instrumental

Parent’s Skills

in supervising homework

School-community network

Community-based interventions for

academic coaching of children

Support for coaching parents

i

  • Innovation in union of school-community knowledge and resources, and change in practices :
  • Community organization (CO) services integrated into the school’s educational plan
  • CO’s knowledge regarding Parents and Community is used by the school and teachers
  • School support for CO: selection, access to premises, pedagogic advice
  • CO improves relationship between parents and school
slide8

In non concerted community

3

Arrangements

Activated mechanisms

Children’s academic skills

Extracurricular parental participation

Network of school staff

Institutional homework help

After-school activities

c

Coordination:

Referral of students to homework help

Organization of extracurricular activities

conclusion
Conclusion

Of the two communities studied,

the concerted community

led to actions that are

  • more synergistic
  • and cover more determining factors

than did the non-concerted community

acknowledgements
Acknowledgements

This research was made possible by the financial support of :

  • Fonds québécois de recherche sur la société et la culture - Programme des actions concertées (#2003-PRS-94357) as well as by its program of doctoral scholarships.
  • Programme de formation stratégique en recherche en santé publique et en santé des populations(ISPP-ISPS/ IRSC and Réseau de recherche en santé des populations du Québec).