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US History. Chapter 11 Section 1. Politics Gets Ugly. The Election of 1824 From 1816-1824, there was only one party: the Jeffersonian Republicans 4 Candidates emerged in the election of 1824 Favorite son – a candidate who receives the backing of their home state but not the party

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us history

US History

Chapter 11

Section 1

politics gets ugly
Politics Gets Ugly
  • The Election of 1824
    • From 1816-1824, there was only one party: the Jeffersonian Republicans
    • 4 Candidates emerged in the election of 1824
      • Favorite son – a candidate who receives the backing of their home state but not the party
      • William H. Crawford – the Republican party candidate
      • Andrew Jackson – Tennessee war hero
      • Henry Clay – Kentucky Speaker of the House
      • John Quincy Adams – Massachusetts son of John Adams
    • Jackson won the majority – more than half
      • Plurality – the largest single share
      • Thus, the vote needed to be decided by the House
politics gets ugly1
Politics Gets Ugly
  • The Election of 1824
    • From 1816-1824, there was only one party: the Jeffersonian Republicans
    • 4 Candidates emerged in the election of 1824
      • Favorite son – a candidate who receives the backing of their home state but not the party
      • William H. Crawford – the Republican party candidate
      • Andrew Jackson – Tennessee war hero
      • Henry Clay – Kentucky Speaker of the House
      • John Quincy Adams – Massachusetts son of John Adams
    • Jackson won the majority – more than half
      • Plurality – the largest single share
      • Thus, the vote needed to be decided by the House
    • “Corrupt Bargain – Clay told Adams he would use his influence to get him elected if he was named Secretary of State (It worked, and he was)
  • Washington D.C. – Adams began his Presidency by enforcing a very involved and strong government
time for change
Time for Change
  • Election of 1828 – the Republicans split into 2 groups
    • Democratic-Republicans – or “Democrats”
      • Favored States Rights
      • Weak Central Government
    • National Republicans
      • Strong Central Government
      • Federal projects (roads, National Bank)
    • Mudslinging- attempts to ruin the opponent’s reputation with insults
    • New: Election slogans, buttons, and events
    • Andrew Jackson won the Presidency
      • John C. Calhoun – Adams’ Vice President switched sides and ran with Jackson
      • Landslide – overwhelming victory
old hickory as president
“Old Hickory” as President
  • Andrew Jackson – American ideal for leader
    • Patriot, war hero, formerly poor family
    • Nickname “Old Hickory” – tough as a hickory stick
    • Promised “equal protection and benefits” (for white men)
      • Suffrage – the right to vote
  • Changes to the System
    • Bureaucracy – a system in which nonelected officials carry out laws
      • Democrats opened federal jobs to people of all backgrounds
    • Spoils System – the practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters
    • Abandoned the caucus - system of electing representatives by a group of members of Congress
    • Nominating Conventions – delegates from the states elect the representatives of the party
      • Baltimore, Maryland – first Democratic convention ion 1832
money problems again
Money Problems… Again
  • The Tariff Debate
    • Tariff – fee paid by merchants who imported goods
    • Congress passed a high tariff in 1828
    • North love it; South = Tariff of Abominations
      • Nullify – cancel
      • Calhoun argued states could cancel the tariff
      • Secede – break away (the desire of some Southerners)
  • The Webster-Hayne Debate
    • Webster argued for the federal rights; Hayne argued for the State’s rights to nullify
  • Jackson Speaks
    • “Our federal union… must be preserved”
    • Calhoun responded by advocating state’s rights
      • Calhoun resigned as Vice President to speak in Congress
  • Nullification Crisis
    • South Carolina (Calhoun’s state) passed the Nullification Act
    • Jackson compromised to lower the tariff over time
    • Force Bill – allowed the President to used military force to enforce acts of Congress
      • South Carolina accepted the win for Nullification; but nullified the Force Bill
section 1 29
Checking for Understanding

Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.

__ 1. to leave or withdraw

__ 2. attempt to ruin an opponent’s reputation with insults

__ 3. candidate that receives the backing of his home state rather than of the national party

__ 4. an overwhelming victory

__ 5. largest single share

A. favorite son

B. plurality

C. mudslinging

D. landslide

E. secede

E

Section 1-29

C

A

D

B

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers.

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