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William Shakespeare (And a little Romeo and Juliet, too). Mrs. Snyder May 15, 2014. William Shakespeare…so what?. So what?!!
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May 15, 2014
William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's most superior dramatist.
His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.
His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Shakespeare lived during what was called the Elizabethan Era, a time period named after Queen Elizabeth I, and marked by a renewed interest in science, commerce, philosophy, and the arts.
da Vinci’s The Mona Lisa
Assassination. Swagger. Bump. Lonely.
These are just a few of the almost 1700 words and phrases that Shakespeare contributed to the English language, more than any other writer in history!
Tragedy- a drama that ends in catastrophe-most often death- for the main character.
Comic Relief- a humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity. By providing contrast, comic relief helps the audience absorb the earlier events in the plot and get ready for the ones to come.
Allusion- a brief reference to something outside the work that the reader or audience is expected to know. For example, the writer might allude to a historical or current event or to a line from another piece of literature. Shakespeare's plays often have allusions to Greek and Roman mythology and the Bible.
Foil- a character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work. By using a foil, the writer highlights the other character’s traits or attitude. For example, the kind behavior of one character will be made clearer when it is presented in sharp contrast to another character that is not at all kind.
Soliloquy- a speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stage. Its purpose is to let the audience know what the character is thinking.
Aside- a character’s remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others on the stage are not supposed to hear. This, too, is to reveal the character’s private thoughts.
Blank Verse- a form of poetry that uses unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter, lines that ideally have five unstressed syllables, each followed by a stressed syllable.
However, the pattern is not perfect; sometimes there are breaks in the pattern.
Shakespeare did not invent the story of Romeo and Juliet. He did not, in fact, even introduce the story into the English language. A poet named Arthur Brooks first brought the story of Romeus and Juliet to an English-speaking audience in a poem that was itself not original, but rather an adaptation of adaptations that stretched across nearly a hundred years and two languages. Many of the details of Shakespeare’s plot are lifted directly from Brooks’s poem, including the meeting of Romeo and Juliet at the ball, their secret marriage, Romeo’s fight with Tybalt, the sleeping potion, and the timing of the lover’s eventual suicides.
The tragic story of Romeo and Juliet is set in 14th century Verona, Italy. It opens on a Sunday morning with a street brawl between two feuding families, the Capulets and the Montagues. After order has been restored, the son of the head of the Montague clan, Romeo, enters the scene. He explains to his cousin Benvolio how he is obsessed with one-sided love for Rosaline.
The scene then shifts to the home of the Capulets, where the patriarch of the clan confers with Count Paris concerning a possible marriage between Paris and Capulet’s daughter, Juliet. He invites Paris to attend a celebration that he is giving that evening.
In the next scene, Juliet’s mother encourages her to get to know Paris at the party. Romeo and his friends soon hear of the intended party and go to it uninvited.
There, Romeo and Juliet meet.
Romeo, instantly forgetting Rosaline, falls in love with Juliet, and she falls in love with him. The first act closes as each later learn that the other is a member of the rival family.
1. The Power of Love
2. Love as a Cause of Violence
3. The Individual Versus Society
4. Inevitability of Fate
Let’s get started!