Social construction, natural science Kareem Khalifa Philosophy Department Middlebury College
Overview • Hacking’s Central Point • Contingency • Convergence Objection • Nominalism • Explanations of stability
II. Contingency • Constructing quarks • No Predetermination • “Alien Science”
A less technical example ofII.C.3.a • Fido is a dog. • All dogs are mammals. • All mammals are warm-blooded. • So Fido is warm-blooded • Fido is an organism that never changes color when we aliens see him. • All organisms that never change color when we aliens see them are warm-blooded. • So Fido is warm-blooded.
III. Convergence Objection • The Objection • Hacking’s Response • Small-Scale • Big-Scale • Unique-Ultimate
IV. Nominalism • What is it? • Critics of constructionism
Inherent-structurism Nominalism Tree Research Program A Research Program B Organic cone
V. Explanations of stability • Stability • The Debate