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Assessment of Community Participation to Reduce Impact of Climate Change at Citarum Watershed, West Java Indonesia. Uci Sulandari Rizaldi Boer Eka Intan Kumala Puteri Delon Martinus. Bogor Agricultural University and
Assessment of Community Participation to Reduce Impact of Climate Change at Citarum Watershed,
West Java Indonesia
Eka Intan Kumala Puteri
Bogor Agricultural University and
Applied Research Centre for Climate and Technology-Indonesia (ARCATE-Indonesia)
Forest cover at upper Citarum decrease at a rate of about 2.4% per year ~ cause the ratio between maximum and minimum flow increased
Present ratio 86 : 1 (Boer et al., 2004), while the ideal ratio 25:1 (Asdak, 2002)
Under changing climate, intensity and frequency of extreme climate events may increase ~ there is an urgent need to stop deforestation and increase forest cover at the upper Citarum Watershed as an effort to reduce the impact of the changing climate
Efforts to increase and protect forest in the upper Citarum should not be only the responsibility of upstream community but also the responsibility of downstream communities
1. 85% of respondents stated that the intensity of climate hazards have increased
3. Perception of Community to Factors Causing the Increase of Drought and Flood Intensity and Role of Forest Function
60% of respondents at Ciparay and Bojongsoang said that they did not know factors causing the increase of drought and flood intensity
Communities in the upper Citarum watershed (Cikembang, Cibereum and Tarumajaya) knew quite well with forest function
4. Driving Factors for Deforestation and Rewards Preferred by Community for Protecting Forest
Level 1. Community participation to protect and rehabilitate forest
Level 2. a. Lack of income sources for meeting primary needs of the household.
b. Lack of knowledge on forest function
c. Lack of land for cultivation
d. Lack of cooperation between village institutions in protecting forest
Inconsistency ratios of the respondent in answering the question were all less than 0.1, indicating high level of consistency or certainty.
The inconsistency ratios for Tarumajaya, Cikembang and Cibereum were 0.09, 0.01 and 0.08
Community participation at Tarumajaya to protect and rehabilitate forest
Lack of income to meet primary needs
Lack of knowledge of forest function
Lack of land for cultivation
Agriculture equipments aid
Analytical Hierarchical Process for protecting and rehabilitating forest
Perception of downstream community to the role of upstream community and the need of rehabilitating the forest
Purwakarta was Rp.900,- per 10 m3
North Jakarta was Rp.1500,00 per 10 m3.
Dependency of willingness to pay on level of knowledge on forest function and the perception of downstream community.
Level of knowledge on forest function (X1)
Perception on the role of upstream community (X2)
Perception on the need for rehabilitating forest (X3)
Job (X4 in category)
Age (X5 in years)
Education (X6 in years)
Income (X7 in category)
Family size (X8 in number of family)
97.8%Coefficients of logistic regression for WTP for Purwakarta and North Jakarta
Most of respondents agree that the intensity and the frequency of climate hazards (drought and flood) have increased recently. Deforestation can be avoided if the community can increase land use intensity or find suitable alternative activities to get additional income such as raising livestock and trading. Development of reward system for environmental services provided by the upstream community is possible as the downstream communities is willing to support activities or program for maintaining and increasing forest cover of the upstream watershed by increasing price of drinking water from the current price. (WTP) of the downstream communities highly depends on level of understanding on forest function and their perception on the role of upstream communities and the need for rehabilitating the forest. There is a need to establish institutional system for collecting, transferring or distributing the payment to the community as well as the regulation.