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[WATERWAY NAME]. WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT. WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAY TO BE READY FOR TOMORROW. PAWSA. SPONSOR INTRODUCTION. Welcome Workshop objectives Why you were selected. AGENDA. Day One AM Workshop Overview PAWSA Background Risk Model Definitions Expertise Evaluation

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waterway risk assessment

[WATERWAY NAME]

WATERWAY RISK ASSESSMENT

WATERWAYS MANAGEMENT PLANNING TODAYTO BE READY FOR TOMORROW

PAWSA

sponsor introduction
SPONSOR INTRODUCTION
  • Welcome
  • Workshop objectives
  • Why you were selected
agenda
AGENDA

Day One AM

Workshop Overview

PAWSA Background

Risk Model Definitions

Expertise Evaluation

Rating Scales Evaluation

Day One PM

Discuss and Evaluate Waterway Risks

Day Two AM

Discuss and Evaluate Existing Mitigations

Day Two PM

Discuss and Evaluate New Risk Mitigations

Re-evaluate Expertise

Workshop Critique

book 2 risk factor rating scales
Book 2:RISK FACTOR RATING SCALES

How much riskier is the condition on the right than the condition on the left?

Vessel Conditions:Deep Draft Vessel Quality

(Circle one number on each line)

Nearly 100% of deep draft vessels operate safely

90% of deep draft vessels operate safely

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

90% of deep draft vessels operate safely

80% of deep draft vessels operate safely

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

80% of deep draft vessels operate safely

70% or less of deep draft vessels operate safely

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

Equally Somewhat Much More Extremely

Risky More Risky Risky More Risky

book 3 baseline risk levels
Book 3:BASELINE RISK LEVELS

Check the block that best describes the condition in this waterway

Vessel Conditions

Deep Draft Vessel Quality

Nearly 100% of deep draft vessels operate safely

90% of deep draft vessels operate safely

80% of deep draft vessels operate safely

70% or less of deep draft vessels operate safely

book 4 mitigation effectiveness
Book 4: MITIGATION EFFECTIVENESS

VESSEL CONDITIONS

Deep Draft Vessel Quality 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Shallow Draft Vessel Quality 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Small Craft Quality 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

TRAFFIC CONDITIONS

Volume of Commercial Traffic 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Volume of Small Craft Traffic 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Traffic Mix 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Congestion 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Yes No

Risks / Mitigations Balanced?

book 5 additional mitigations
Book 5: ADDITIONAL MITIGATIONS

RISK CATEGORY

Risk Factor

Coordination / Planning ____________________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Voluntary Training____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Rules & Procedures____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Enforcement ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Nav / Hydro Info ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Radio Communications ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Active Traffic Management ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Waterway Changes ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Other Actions ____________________1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

vessel traffic management
VESSEL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
  • NAVRULES / COLREGS
  • Ship’s Routing Measures
    • Port Access Route Studies
    • TSS / Fairways
    • Navigation Regulations
  • Equipment Carriage
    • Bridge-to-Bridge Radio
    • Navigation Equipment (SOLAS V)
  • IMO & IALA Membership
    • Nav & VTS IALA Committees
  • Vessel Traffic Services
    • VTS’s and Cooperative Partnerships
    • Ports & Waterways Safety System
    • Ports & Waterways Safety Assessments
pawsa background
PAWSA BACKGROUND
  • VTS Congressional mandate
    • Identify minimum user requirements in consultation with local stakeholders
    • Review private / public partnerships
  • USCG convenes National Dialog Group
    • Major maritime interests
ndg tasks
NDG TASKS
  • Identify mariner information needs
  • Define a VTS baseline
  • Develop a process for determining where vessel traffic management (VTM) needs to be improved
ndg three keys
NDG THREE KEYS
  • Involve users & stakeholders
  • Tailor specific actions
  • Address risks

Solution  Waterway Risk Model

pawsa
PAWSA
  • Methodical analytical approach to risk management
      • Understand local issues through local input
        • Define the current state
        • Identify & quantify risks
        • Evaluate the effectiveness of existing measures
      • Develop future mitigation strategies
  • Credible / defensible
  • Gather info for investment decisions
pawsas completed
PAWSAs COMPLETED

Haro Strait / Boundary Pass

Sault Ste. Marie

Long Island Sound

Lower Columbia River

Coos Bay

Portland

Detroit

Boston

Buzzards Bay

Cincinnati

Narragansett Bay

Louisville

Baltimore

San Francisco

Hampton Roads

LA/LB

Charleston

Pascagoula

Berwick Bay

San Diego

Mobile

Port Fourchon

Port Everglades

Houston / Galveston

Tampa

Miami

Anchorage

Lake Charles

Port Arthur

Honolulu

Texas City

Port Lavaca

San Juan

Torres Strait

Corpus Christi

Ponce

pawsa recurring risks
PAWSA RECURRING RISKS
  • ATON visibility & channel configuration
  • Small craft & fishing vessels
    • Local area & Rules of the Road familiarity
    • Communications & inexperienced operators
  • Commercial Towing
    • Local area familiarity & communications
  • Navigation conditions & hydrographic info
pawsa results
PAWSA RESULTS
  • 35+ conducted to date
  • Final report for first 28 completed
  • Various ports relying on results to effect change
    • Increased budgets
    • Improved infrastructure
    • New VTS’s
  • Model & process refined & improved
  • Implementation Guide revisions
waterway risk model19
WATERWAY RISK MODEL

RISK

PROBABILITY

IMPACT

waterway risk model20
WATERWAY RISK MODEL

RISK

PROBABILITY

IMPACT

  • Vessel Conditions
  • Traffic Conditions
  • Navigational Conditions
  • Waterway Conditions
  • Immediate Consequences
  • Subsequent Consequences
vessel conditions
VESSEL CONDITIONS

Deep Draft Vessel Quality

  • Age / maintenance
  • Flag / class society / owner
  • Casualty history
  • Crew nationality(ies)
vessel conditions23
VESSEL CONDITIONS

Shallow Draft Vessel Quality

  • Vessel operations knowledge
  • Local area experience
  • Language barriers
  • Crew fatigue
  • Maintenance
vessel conditions24
VESSEL CONDITIONS

Commercial Fishing Vessel Quality

  • Vessel operations knowledge
  • Local area experience
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Language issues
vessel conditions25
VESSEL CONDITIONS

Small Craft Quality

  • Knowledge of Rules of the Road
  • Awareness of other traffic
  • Inebriation
traffic conditions
TRAFFIC CONDITIONS

Volume of Commercial Traffic

  • Deep draft
  • Shallow draft
  • Commercial Fishing
  • Infrastructure capabilities
traffic conditions27
TRAFFIC CONDITIONS

Volume of Small Craft Traffic

  • Volume
  • Seasonality
  • Marine events
traffic conditions28
TRAFFIC CONDITIONS

Traffic Mix

  • Single use waterway
  • Multiple use waterway
  • Conflicts
traffic conditions29
TRAFFIC CONDITIONS

Congestion

  • Density
  • Times / locations
navigational conditions
NAVIGATIONALCONDITIONS

Winds

  • Speed
  • Predictability
navigational conditions31
NAVIGATIONAL CONDITIONS

Water Movement

  • River, tidal, & ocean
  • Maximum strength
  • Predictability
  • Seasonality
  • Cross-channel
navigational conditions32
NAVIGATIONALCONDITIONS

Visibility Restrictions

  • Ability to see
    • aids to navigation
    • other vessels
  • Fog, rain, snow, smoke, etc.
navigational conditions33
NAVIGATIONALCONDITIONS

Obstructions

  • Affect safe navigation
  • Ice, floating debris, fishing nets, etc.
waterway conditions
WATERWAY CONDITIONS

Visibility Impediments

  • Moored vessels
  • Structures
  • Background lighting
  • Vegetation
waterway conditions35
WATERWAY CONDITIONS

Dimensions

  • Passing arrangements
  • Channel width & depth
  • Air drafts
waterway conditions36
WATERWAY CONDITIONS

Bottom Type

  • What do you hit if youtouch bottom orrun out of the channel?
waterway conditions37
WATERWAY CONDITIONS

Configuration

  • Bends
  • Intersections / convergences
  • Crossing traffic
immediate consequences
IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES

Personnel Injuries

  • Cruise ships
  • Ferries
  • Dinner cruises
  • Large charter fishing vessels
immediate consequences39
IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES

Petroleum Discharge

  • Petroleum products
  • Bulk shipments
  • Fire
immediate consequences40
IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES

Hazardous Materials Release

  • Chemical products
  • Bulk shipments
immediate consequences41
IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCES

Mobility

  • Waterway closure
  • Effects on shoreside marine transportation system (MTS)
subsequent consequences
SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES

Health and Safety

  • Hazardous cargos
  • Population near waterway
    • rural area
    • town / small city
    • large metropolitan area
  • Water supplies
subsequent consequences43
SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES

Environmental

  • Sensitive areas
  • Protected / endangered species
subsequent consequences44
SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES

Aquatic Resources

  • Harvesting for:
    • Recreation
    • Subsistence
    • Commercial
  • Amount:
    • Light = 1 species / short season
    • Moderate = 2 - 3 species / long season
    • Heavy = >3 species / year-round
subsequent consequences45
SUBSEQUENT CONSEQUENCES

Economic

  • Effects if waterway is closed
team expertise
TEAM EXPERTISE
  • Waterway User
  • Stakeholder
  • Regulator
book 1 team expertise49
Book 1:TEAM EXPERTISE

Compared to the other participants we are:

…probably in the UPPER THIRD of all the participants.

…probably in the MIDDLE THIRD of all the participants.

…probably in the LOWER THIRD of all the participants.

with respect to our knowledge about:

– Vessel Conditions – Immediate Consequences

– Traffic Conditions – Subsequent Consequences

– Navigational Conditions

– Waterway Conditions

book 2 risk factor rating scales50
Book 2:RISK FACTOR RATING SCALES

How much riskier is the condition on the right than the condition on the left?

Subsequent Consequences:Economic

(Circle one number on each line)

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects ONLY

port area

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects metropolitanarea

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects metropolitanarea

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects wide region

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects wide region

Economic impact ofwaterway closureaffects entire nation

1 2 34 5 6 7 8 9

Equally Somewhat Much More Extremely

Risky More Risky Risky More Risky

day two morning
DAY TWO – MORNING

8:00 – 8:30 a.m. Coffee & Pastries

8:30 – 8:45 a.m. Risk Evaluation Results

8:45 – 9:00 a.m. Mitigations Categories

9:00 – 9:50 a.m. Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation

10:00 – 10:50 a.m. Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation

11:00 – 12:00 p.m. Existing Risk Mitigations Discussion / Evaluation

12:00 – 1:00 p.m. Lunch

day two afternoon
DAY TWO – AFTERNOON

1:00 – 1:15 p.m. Mitigations Evaluation Results

1:15 – 3:45 p.m. Mitigation Interventions Discussion / Evaluation

3:45 – 4:00 p.m. Break

4:00 – 4:15 p.m. Team Expertise Re-evaluation

4:15 – 4:30 p.m. Workshop Critique

4:30 – 4:45 p.m. Mitigation Interventions Evaluation Results

4:45 – 5:00 p.m. Workshop Wrap-up