汉语拼音
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汉语拼音. hànyǔ pīnyīn. 第一部分 (part 1) : 韵母 (vowels). 第二部分( part 2) : 声母 ( conconants). 第三部分:整体认读音节 whole syllables. 24 个 韵母 24 vowels. 6 个. 9 个. 9 个. 6 个单韵母 (single vowels). How to pronounce a. 发音时,口大开,舌位低、舌头居中央,唇形呈自然张开状。

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汉语拼音

hànyǔ pīnyīn


Part 1 vowels
第一部分(part 1):韵母(vowels)


Part 2 conconants
第二部分(part 2):声母(conconants)



24 24 vowels
24个韵母24 vowels

6个

9个

9个


6 single vowels
6个单韵母(single vowels)


How to pronounce a
How to pronounce a

  • 发音时,口大开,舌位低、舌头居中央,唇形呈自然张开状。

  • Open your mouth wide, with your tongue in the middle in a low position; the lips are naturally opened.


声调(tone)

  • 阴平(也叫第一声)first tone: 妈 mā

  • 阳平(也叫第二声)second tone:麻 má

  • 上声(也叫第三声)third tone: 马 mǎ

  • 去声(也叫第四声)fourth tone:骂 mà

  • 轻声short tone:吗 ma

  • No tone means short tone, the tone changes with the former tone.


声调:

一声

二声

三声

四声


Five step mark
五度标记法(five step mark)


Consonants
声母(consonants)


  • 打岔 dǎ chà

  • 大妈 dà mā

  • 大厦 dà shà

  • 哪怕 nǎ pà

  • 喇叭 lǎ ba

  • 沙发 shā fā

  • 塌啦 tāla

  • 爸爸 bà ba

  • 妈妈 mā ma

  • 发达 fā dá

  • 发芽 fā yá

  • 砝码fǎ mǎ

  • 打发dǎ fā


How to pronounce o
How to pronounce o

  • 发音时,口半闭,舌位半高,舌头后缩,双唇拢圆。

  • Half-close your mouth with the tongue in a half-high position; draw back your tongue and make your lips round-shaped.


  • 伯 伯 bó bo

  • 婆 婆 pó po

  • 默 默 mò mò

  • 薄 弱 bó ruò

  • 破 获 pò huò

  • 摩 托 mó tuo

  • 没 落 mò luò


Consonants1
声母(consonants)


How to pronounce e
How to pronounce e

  • 发音时,在发o的基础上,双唇自然展开,舌位的前后、高低不变。

  • After pronouncing "o", naturally open up your mouth and keep the tongue's position unchanged.


Practice
practice

  • 得 了 dé le

  • 合 格 hé gé

  • 各 个 gè gè

  • 客 车 kè chē

  • 特 色 tè sè

  • 隔 阂 gé hé

  • 隔 热 gé rè

  • 这个 zhègè

  • 舍得 shědě


How to pronounce i
How to pronounce i

  • 发音时,舌位最高,口腔开口度很小,唇形呈扁平状,舌头前伸使舌尖抵住下齿背,双唇展开。

  • When pronoucing "i", the tongue is in the highest position, the mouth is slightly opened and the lips are flat-shaped. Stretch forward your tongue, put it against the back of the lower teeth and open up your lips.


  • 地理 dì lǐ

  • 体力 tǐ lì

  • 立即 lì jí

  • 立体 lì tǐ

  • 积极 jī jí

  • 记忆 jì yì

  • 鼻涕 bí tì

  • 笔记 bǐ jì

  • 比例 bǐ lì

  • 秘密 mì mì

  • 迷你 mǐ nǐ


How to pronounce u
How to pronounce u

  • 发音时,舌位最高,口腔开口度很小,双唇拢圆,舌头后缩,使舌根接近软腭。

  • When pronoucing "u", the tongue is in the highest position and the mouth is slightly opened. Make your lips round-shaped, draw back your tongue and make the tongue root approach the soft palate.


Practice1
practice

  • 不如 bù rú

  • 瀑布 pù bù

  • 父母 fù mǔ

  • 服务 fú wù

  • 夫妇 fū fù

  • 土木 tǔ mù

  • 路途 lù tú

  • 初步 chū bù

  • 出入 chū rù

  • 粗魯 cū lǔ

  • 祖母 zǔmǔ

  • 输入shūrù

  • 苏木sūmù


How to pronounce
How to pronounce ü

  • 发音时,在发i的基础上拢圆双唇即可,舌的前后高低不变。

  • After pronoucing "i", just make your lips round-shaped to pronounce "ü", with the tongue position unchanged.


When is after j q x y we don t write the two dots
When ü is after j q x y,we don’t write the two dots

  • 聚居 jù jū

  • 区域 qū yù

  • 屈居 qū jū

  • 趣剧 qù jù

  • 序曲 xù qǔ

  • 徐徐 xú xú

  • 渔具 yú jù

  • 语句 yǔ jù

  • 旅居 lǚ jū

  • 女婿 nǚ xu


9 9compound vowels
9个复韵母9compound vowels


āi ái ǎi ài

ēi éi ěi èi

uī uí uǐ uì


Practice2
practice

  • 再来zàilái

  • 带坏dàihuài

  • 开怀kāihuái

  • 买卖mǎimài

  • 悲摧bēicuī

  • 追回zhuīhuí

  • 匪类fěilèi

  • 水杯shuǐbēi

  • 尾椎wěizhuī

  • 美腿měituǐ

  • 追尾zhuīwěi

  • 泪水lèishuǐ

  • 醉鬼zuìguǐ

  • 推委tuīwěi


āo áo ǎo ào

ōu óu ǒu òu

iū iú iǔ iù


Practice3
practice

  • 唠(láo)叨(dao)

  • 骄(jiāo)傲(ào)

  • 娇(jiāo)娆(ráo)

  • 窈(yǎo)窕(tiǎo)

  • 茅(máo)草(cǎo)

  • 小(xiǎo)猫(māo)

  • 抖(dǒu)擞(sǒu)

  • 由(yóu)头(tóu)

  • 邮(yóu)购(gòu)

  • 都(dōu)走(zǒu)

  • 豆(dòu)蔻(kòu)

  • 琉(liú)球(qiú)

  • 丢(diū)牛(niú)

  • 绣(xiù)球(qiú)



  • Ieye 读音与ie相同

  • Üeyue (读音与üe 相同)

  • b + ie → bie

  • pie mie die tie nie lie jie qie xie

  • n + üe → nüe

  • lüe jue xue yue


Practice4
practice

  • 爹(diē)爹(diē)

  • 夜(yè)月(yuè)

  • 劣(liè)铁(tiě)

  • 聂(niè)耳(ěr)

  • 打(dǎ)猎(liè)

  • 悦(yuè)耳(ěr)

  • 铁(tiě)血(xuè)

  • 血(xuè)液(yè)

  • 趄(jū)趔(liè)

  • 铁(tiě)鞋(xié)

  • 女(nǚ)儿(ér)


9 9 vowels followed by a nasal consonant
9个鼻韵母9 vowelsfollowed by a nasal consonant


ān án ǎn àn

ēn én ěn èn

īn ín ǐn ìn


  • d - an → dan

  • t - an → tan

  • n - an → nan

  • gu - an → guan

  • ku - an → kuan

  • hu - an → huan


  • ju - an → juan

  • qu - an → quan

  • xu - an → xuan

  • yu - an → yuan

  • 注意,ju qu xu yu 中的 u 都不是 u 而是 ü;juan quan xuan yuan 中 an 的读音不是 an,而是有点像 en 的读音。


Practice5
practice

  • 胆敢(dǎngǎn)

  • 检验(jiǎnyàn)

  • 宽(kuān)严(yán)

  • 岩盐(yányán)

  • 鲜艳(xiānyàn)

  • 乱(luàn)砍(kǎn)

  • 饭店(fàndiàn)

  • 但凡(dànfán)

  • 扁担(biǎndan)

  • 担担面(dàndànmiàn)

  • 简单(jiǎndān)

  • 千(qiān)担(dān)

  • 暂缓(zànhuǎn)

  • 延(yán)战(zhàn)

  • 产卵(chǎnluǎn)


  • zh - en → zhen

  • ch - en → chen

  • sh - en → shen

  • b - in → bin

  • p - in → pin

  • m - in → min


En and in practice
en and in practice

  • 根(gēn)本(běn)

  • 门(mén)神(shén)

  • 忿(fèn)懑(mèn)

  • 纷(fēn)纷(fēn)

  • 很(hěn)笨(bèn)

  • 分(fēn)神(shén)

  • 拼(pīn)音(yīn)

  • 缤(bīn)纷(fēn)

  • 贫(pín)民(mín)

  • 临(lín)汾(fén)

  • 信(xìn)心(xīn)

  • 引(yǐn)信(xìn)

  • 心(xīn)紧(jǐn)




  • biān

  • 偏 piān

  • 棉 mián

  • 顛 diān

  • 天 tiān

  • 年 nián

  • 连 lián

  • 间 jiān

  • 千 qiān

  • 先 xiān

  •  üan

  • 捐 juān

  • 圈 quān

  • 宣 xuān

  • 渊 yuān


  • (lián)年(nián)

  • 天(tiān)堑(qiàn)

  • 田(tián)间(jiān)

  • 偏(piān)偏(piān)

  • 癫(diān)痫(xián)

  • 千(qiān)年(nián)

  • 先(xiān)念(niàn)

  • 捐(juān)款(kuǎn)

  • 宣(xuān)传(chuán)

  • 渊(yuān)源(yuán)

  • 圈(quān)圈(quan)


  • g - un → gun

  • c - un → cun

  • ch - un → chun

  • 敦 dūn

  • 吞 tūn

  • 论 lùn

  • 棍 gùn

  • 困 kùn

  • 昏 hūn

  • 准 zhǔn

  • 春 chūn

  • 顺 shùn

  • 闰 rùn

  • 尊 zūn

  • 村 cūn

  • 孙 sūn

  • 温 wēn


  • j - ün → jun

  • q - ün → qun

  • x - ün → xun

  • 均 jūn

  • 群 qún

  • 薰 xūn

  • 晕 yūn


  • 如果 in 前没有声母,写成 yin;

  • 如果 un (即 uen) 前没有声母,写成 wen;

  • 如果 ün 前沒有声母,写成 yun。


Practice6
practice

  • 君(jūn)权(quán)

  • 逡(qūn)巡(xún)

  • 培(péi)训(xùn)

  • 军(jūn)人(rén)

  • 人(rén)群(qún)

  • 均(jūn)匀(yún)

  • 混(hùn)沌(dùn)

  • 昏(hūn)君(jūn)

  • 婚(hūn)姻(yīn)

  • 困(kùn)顿(dùn)

  • 昆(kūn)仑(lún)

  • 文(wén)存(cún)

  • 滚(gǔn)滚(gǔn)



ang

  • 方(fāng)丈(zhàng)

  • 阳(yáng)光(guāng)

  • 相(xiāng)仿(fǎng)

  • 帮(bāng)腔(qiāng)

  • 徜(cháng)徉(yáng)

  • 创(chuāng)伤(shāng)

  • 望(wàng)乡(xiāng)

  • 皇(huáng)粮(liáng)

  • 踉(liàng)跄(qiàng)

  • 苍(cāng)茫(máng)

  • 梁(liáng)王(wáng)

  • 强(qiáng)档(dàng)

  • 皇(huáng)娘(niáng)

  • 江(jiāng)阳(yáng)

  • 往(wǎng)常(cháng)

  • 阳(yáng)光(guāng)


eng

  • 风(fēng)筝(zhēng)

  • 更(gèng)冷(lěng)

  • 猛(měng)增(zēng)

  • 更(gēng)生(shēng)

  • 逞(chěng)能(néng)

  • 猛(měng)烈(liè)

  • 生(shēng)横(héng)

  • 丰(fēng)盛(shèng)

  • 风(fēng)声(shēng)

  • 鹏(péng)程(chéng)

  • 圣(shèng)僧(sēng)

  • 风(fēng)能(néng)


ing

  • 影(yǐng)评(píng)

  • 命(mìng)定(dìng)

  • 英(yīng)明(míng)

  • 宁(níng)静(jìng)

  • 倾(qīng)听(tīng)

  • 晶(jīng)莹(yíng)

  • 明(míng)星(xīng)

  • 兵(bīng)丁(dīng)

  • 叮(dīng)咛(níng)

  • 聆(líng)听(tīng)

  • 青(qīng)杏(xìng)

  • 行(xíng)星(xīng)

  • 明(míng)镜(jìng)

  • 定(dìng)型(xíng)


ong

  • 隆(lóng)重(zhòng)

  • 隆(lóng)冬(dōng)

  • 中(zhōng)控(kòng)

  • 从(cóng)众(zhòng)

  • 共(gòng)同(tóng)

  • 洪(hóng)钟(zhōng)

  • 总(zǒng)共(gòng)

  • 中(zhōng)统(tǒng)

  • 冲(chōng)动(dòng)

  • 工(gōng)农(nóng)

  • 笼(lǒng)统(tǒng)

  • 棕(zōng)熊(xióng)

  • 供(gòng)奉(fèng)

  • 汹(xiōng)汹(xiōng)


Tone practice
声调练习(tone practice)

  • 中流砥柱 (zhōng liú dǐ zhù)

  • 经年累月 (jīng nián lěi yuè)

  • 光明磊落 (guāng míng lěi luò)

  • 官僚主义 (guān liáo zhǔ yì)

  • 叫苦连天 (jiào kǔ lián tiān)

  • 刻骨銘心 (kè gǔ míng xīn)

  • 墨守成规 (mò shǒu chéng guī)

  • 逆水行舟 (nì shuǐ xíng zhōu)


  • 光明磊落(guāngmínglěiluò)

  • 优柔寡断(yōuróuguǎduàn)

  • 妻离子散(qīlízǐsàn)

  • 山盟海誓(shānménghǎishì)

  • 灯红酒绿(dēnghóngjiǔlǜ)

  • 飞檐走壁(fēiyánzǒubì)

  • 风调雨顺(fēngtiáoyǔshùn)

  • 千锤百炼(qiānchuíbǎiliàn)

  • 山穷水尽(shānqióngshuǐjìn)

  • 心怀叵测(xīnhuáipǒcè)


Practice of the first tone and the fourth tone
一、四声练习(practice of the first tone and the fourth tone)

  • 参议院 (cān yì yuàn)

  • 办公室 (bàn gōng shì)

  • 半月刊 (bàn yuè kān)

  • 电视机 (diàn shì jī)

  • 计算机 (jì suàn jī)

  • 上星期 (shàng xīng qī)

  • 电话会议 (diàn huà huì yì)

  • 各就各位 (gè jiù gè wèi)

  • 固定汇率 (gù dìng huì lǜ)

  • 对症下药 (duì zhèng xià yào)


Practice of the first tone and the fourth tone1
一、四声练习(practice of the first tone and the fourth tone)

  • 吃吃喝喝 (chī chī hē hē)

  • 声东击西 (shēng dōng jī xī)

  • 居安思危 (jū ān sī wēi)

  • 挖空心思 (wā kōng xīn sī)

  • 安家立业 (ān jiā lì yè)

  • 标新立异 (biāo xīn lì yì)

  • 必恭必敬 (bì gōng bì jìng)

  • 心花怒放 (xīn huā nù fàng)


Practice of no tone
轻声练习(practice of no tone)

  • 他的 (tā de)

  • 先生 (xiān sheng)

  • 谁的 (shéi de)

  • 婆婆 (pó po)

  • 漂亮 (piào liang)

  • 困难 (kùn nan)

  • 我的 (wǒ de)

  • 椅子 (yǐ zi)

  • 姐姐 (jiě jie)

  • 姥姥 (lǎo lao)


一起回顾一下24个韵母


23 23 consonants
23个声母(23 consonants)

b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s


  • n - ü → nü

  • na ne ni

  • l - u → lu

  • l - ü → lü

  • la le li


Practice of n and l
Practice of N and L

  • 农林 nóng lín

  • 耐劳 nài láo

  • 努力 nǔ lì

  • 浓烈 nóng liè

  • 纳凉 nà liáng

  • 年轮 nián lún

  • 冷暖 lěng nuǎn

  • 留念 liú niàn

  • 烂泥 làn ní

  • 岭南 lǐng nán

  • 辽宁 Liáo níng

  • 列宁 Liè níng


  • ga ka ha

  • ge ke he

  • gu ku hu

  • g - u - a → gua

  • g - u - o → guo

  • kua hua kuan huan


Practice of h and k
Practice of H and K

  • 海口 hǎi kǒu

  • 寒苦 hán kǔ

  • 航空 háng kōng

  • 好客 hào kè

  • 好看 hǎo kàn

  • 何苦 hé kǔ

  • 何况 hé kuàng

  • 贺卡 hè kǎ

  • 惶恐 huáng kǒng

  • 回扣 huí kòu

  • 汇款 huì kuǎn

  • 会客 huì kè

  • 火坑 huǒ kēng


Practice of h and k1
Practice of H and K

  • 开航 kāi háng

  • 开户 kāi hù

  • 开花 kāi huā

  • 开怀 kāi huái

  • 看好 kàn hǎo

  • 看护 kān hù

  • 抗衡 kàng héng

  • 考核 kǎo hé

  • 科幻 kē huàn

  • 客戶 kè hù

  • 恐嚇 kǒng hè

  • 宽宏 kuān hóng

  • 亏耗 kuī hào


How to pronounce j
How to pronounce j

  • 发音时,舌面前部向上向前,抵住硬腭前部,舌尖下垂,较弱的气流突破阻碍形成窄缝,并从中挤出而发声。

  • Move upward and forward the front part of your tongue surface and put it against the front hard palate, then hang down the tip of your tongue, make weaker breath break through the obstruction and form a narrow chink from which the breath will be squeezed out.


How to pronounce q
How to pronounce q

  • 发音的情况同j基本相同,只是从窄缝挤出的气流较强。

  • The pronunciation method is more or less the same with "j", with stronger breath squeezed out of the chink.


How to pronounce x
How to pronounce x

  • 发音时,舌面前部向上向前,接近硬腭前部,中间留有窄缝,气流从窄缝中挤出而发声。

  • Move upward and forward the front part of your tongue surface and make it approach the front hard palate, with a narrow chink left; pronounce with the breath squeezing out from the chink.


  • j - i → ji

  • q - i → qi

  • x - i → xi

  • j - i - a → jia

  • q - i - a → qia

  • x - i - a → xia

  • j ü → ju

  • q ü → qu

  • x ü → xu


How to pronounce z
How to pronounce z

  • 发音时,舌尖向前平伸,抵住上齿背,较弱的气流突破阻碍形成窄缝,并从中挤出而发声。

  • Stretch forward the tip of your tongue and put it against the back of the upper teeth; then make weaker breath break through the obstruction and form a narrow chink from which the breath will be squeezed out.


How to pronounce c
How to pronounce c

  • 发音的情况同z基本相同,只是从窄缝中挤出的气流较强。

  • The pronunciation method is more or less the same with "Z", with stronger breath squeezing out of the chink.


How to pronounce s
How to pronounce s

  • 发音时,舌尖向前平伸,接近上齿背,中间留有窄缝,气流从窄缝中挤出而发声。

  • Stretch forward the tip of your tongue and make it approach the back of the upper teeth, with a narrow chink left; pronounce with the breath squeezing out from the chink.


Spell
spell

zī zí zǐ zì

za ze zu zuo

ca ce cu cuo

sa se su suo


How to pronounce zh
How to pronounce zh

  • 发音时,舌尖上翘抵住硬腭前部,较弱的气流突破阻碍形成窄缝,并从中挤出而发声。

  • Move upwards the tip of your tongue and put it against the front hard palate; then make weaker breath break through the obstruction and form a narrow chink from which the breath will be squeezed out.


How to pronounce ch
How to pronounce ch

  • 发音的情况同zh基本相同,只是从窄缝中挤出的气流较强。

  • The pronunciation method is more or less the same with "zh", with stronger breath squeezing out from the chink.


How to pronounce sh
How to pronounce sh

  • 发音时,舌尖上翘接近硬腭前部,中间留有窄缝,气流从窄缝中挤出而发声。

  • Move upward the tip of your tongue and make it approach the front hard palate, with a narrow chink left; pronounce with the breath squeezing out from the chink.


How to pronounce r
How to pronounce r

  • 发音的情况同sh基本相同,只是声带颤动。

  • The pronunciation method is more or less the same as "sh" except for the vocal cords vibration.


  • zh zhi ch chi sh shi

  • zh - a → zha

  • zha zhe zhu zhua

  • cha che chu chuo

  • sha she shu shuo

  • r - e → re

  • ru ruo








Practice of z c s
Practice of Z C S

  • 擦澡 cā zǎo 猜测 cāi cè 才思 cái sī

  • 才子 cái zǐ 彩色 cǎi sè 彩塑 cǎi sù

  • 采择 cǎi zé 菜色 cài sè 菜子 cài zǐ

  • 参赛 cān sài 参赞 cān zàn 参差 cēn cī

  • 参错 cēn cuò 惭色 cán sè 惭怍 cán zuò

  • 残存 cán cún 残损 cán sǔn 蚕蔟 cán cù

  • 蚕丝 cán sī 蚕子 cán zǐ 惨死 cǎn sǐ

  • 仓促 cāng cù 仓猝 cāng cù 伧俗 cāng sú


  • yī yí yǐ yì

  • wū wú wǔ wù

  • yū yú yǔ yù

  • yā yá yǎ yà

  • wā wá wǎ wà

  • wō wó wǒ wò


Syllable with y and w
Syllable with Y and W

  • yiya ye yao you yan yin yang yingyongyuyueyuanyunwu

  • wawowaiwei wan wen wang

    weng



These syllables are always read together
These syllables are always read together

zhi chi shi ri zi ci si yi wu yu ye yue yin yun yuan ying


Practice7
practice

  • 直(zhí)尺(chǐ)

  • 手(shǒu)指(zhǐ)

  • 只(zhǐ)是(shì)

  • 指(zhǐ)示(shì)

  • 此(cǐ)致(zhì)

  • 支(zhī)持(chí)

  • 矢(shǐ)志(zhì)

  • 自(zì)持(chí)

  • 狮(shī)子(zi)

  • 此(cǐ)日(rì)

  • 诗(shī)词(cí)

  • 知(zhī)识(shi)

  • 纸(zhǐ)质(zhì)

  • 丝(sī)织(zhī)

  • 值(zhí)日(rì)


Practice8
practice

  • 医(yī )德(dé)

  • 依(yī )恋(liàn)

  • 美(měi)意(yì )

  • 美(měi)仪(yí )

  • 美(měi )益(yì )

  • 美(měi)溢(yì )

  • 五(wǔ)体(tǐ)投(tóu)地(dì)

  • 五(wǔ)马(mǎ)分(fēn)尸(shī)

  • 武(wǔ)林(lín)中(zhōng)外(wài)

  • 武(wǔ)侠(xiá)小(xiǎo)说(shuō)

  • 无(wú)端(duān)生(shēng)事(shì)


Practice9
practice

  • 泪(lèi)如(rú)雨(yǔ)下(xià)

  • 鱼(yú)水(shuǐ)之(zhī)情(qíng)

  • 迂(yū)回(huí)婉(wǎn)转(zhuǎn)

  • 百(bǎi)年(nián)一(yí)遇(yù)

  • 叶(yè)公(gōng)好(hào)龙(lóng)

  • 夜(yè)夜(yè)笙(shēng)歌(gē)

  • 野(yě)火(huǒ)春(chūn)风(fēng)

  • 月(yuè)明(míng)星(xīng)稀(xī)


Practice10
practice

  • 因(yīn)小(xiǎo)失(shī)大(dà)

  • 云(yún)开(kāi)雾(wù)散(sàn)

  • 缘(yuán)分(fèn)未(wèi)尽(jìn)

  • 英(yīng)雄(xióng)末(mò)路(lù)

  • 怨(yuàn)声(shēng)载(zài)道(dào)

  • 蝇(yíng)营(yíng)狗(gǒu)苟(gǒu)

  • 冤(yuān)家(jiā)路(lù)窄(zhǎi)



标声调的规则:

1、声调标在韵母上;

2、 ɑ o e i u ü想戴帽,i u ü在前面不能要;

3、小ü小ü有礼貌,见了j q x y要脱帽。


The changing rules of third tone
三声变调(the changing rules of third tone)

  • 1.In a syllable, when the third tone is before the 1st, 2nd, 4th tone and short tone, only pronounce the first half. 214 becomes 21.

  • wǎnshang lǎoshī chǎngdì

  • shuǐpíng liǎnmiàn huǒji

  • shěngyáng zhǎnggāo zhǐbēi


  • 2. In one syllable, when a 3rd tone is before a 3rd tone, it becomes the 2nd tone.

  • 稿(gǎo)纸(zhǐ)读作gáozhǐ

  • 早(zǎo)点(diǎn)读作záodiǎn

  • 鼓(gǔ)掌(zhǎng)读作gúzhǎng

  • nǐhǎo lǐngdǎo xǐliǎn guǎngchǎng

  • shuǐjiǎo xiǎnbǎi luǒtǐ jiǔchǎng


The changing principle of
一”的变调(the changing principle of “一”)

  • 1.When “一” appears alone ,at the end, as a ordinal mumber, pronunciation is “yī ”.

  • 一、二、三、四 yīèrsānsì

  • 二十一 èrshíyī

  • 一班 yībān

  • 初一chūyī


  • 2. when “一” is before the 4th tone, it’s pronunciation becomes the 2nd tone “yí”.

  • 一(yí )样(yàng)

  • 一(yí )下(xià)子(zi)

  • 一(yí )座(zuò)

  • 一( yí )位(wèi)

  • 一(yí )次(cì)

  • 一(yí )块(kuài)儿(er)


  • 3.When “一” is before the 1st, 2nd, 3rd tone, the pronunciation becomes the 4th tone “yì”

  • 大(dà)吃(chī)一(yì )惊(jīng)

  • 一(yì )般(bān)

  • 一(yì )年(nián)

  • 一(yì )门(mén)

  • 一(yì )口(kǒu)

  • 一(yì )起(qǐ)

  • 一(yì )种(zhǒng)



The changing principle of1
“不”的变调( the same, it is pronounced as short tone. the changing principle of “不”)

  • 1. when “不” is single or before the 1st, 2nd,3rd tone, its pronunciation is the 4th tone “bù”.

  • 不(bù) 不(bù)高(gāo)

  • 不(bù)知(zhī)道(dào) 不(bù)同(tóng)

  • 不(bù)习(xí)惯(guàn) 不(bù)瞒(mán)你(nǐ)说(shuō)

  • 不(bù)少(shǎo) 不(bù)好(hǎo)

  • 不(bù)满(mǎn)意(yì)


  • 2.When it is before the 4 the same, it is pronounced as short tone. th tone, it is read as the 2nd tone “bú” .

  • 不(bú)要(yào)

  • 不(bú)错(cuò)

  • 不(bú)是(shì)

  • 不(bú)再(zài)

  • 不(bù)认(rèn)识(shi)


  • 3. When it is in the middle of a three word structure, it is read as a short tone.

  • 起(qǐ)不(bu)来(lái)

  • 说(shuō)不(bu)定(dìng)

  • 用(yòng)不(bu)着(zháo)

  • 差(chà)不(bu)多(duō)

  • 等(děng)不(bu)及(jí)

  • 能(néng)不(bu)能(néng)

  • 会(huì)不(bu)会(huì)

  • 贵(guì)不(bu)贵(guì)

  • 认(rèn)识(shi)不(bu)认(rèn)识(shi)


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