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the trona cloud featuring oci fmc general chemical and solvay minerals
The Trona CloudFeaturingOCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals

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the trona cloud featuring oci fmc general chemical and solvay minerals2
The Trona CloudFeaturingOCI, FMC, General Chemical, and Solvay Minerals

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The Trona Cloud Stretches for Hundreds of Miles in Southwest Wyoming as well as into the High Uinta’s Wilderness Area in Northern Utah

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the trona cloud looking east 15 miles west of the nearest soda ash facility

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The Trona Cloud(Looking East, 15 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility)

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the trona cloud looking north east 40 miles west of the nearest soda ash facility

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The Trona Cloud(Looking North-East, 40 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility)

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the trona cloud looking north west 40 miles west of the nearest soda ash facility

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The Trona Cloud(Looking North-West, 40 Miles West of the Nearest Soda Ash Facility)

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What is the Trona Cloud?

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slide9
Sweetwater County Soda Ash Plants Process Wyoming Trona Into Soda Ash.

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Sweetwater County Soda Ash Plants Process Wyoming Trona Into Soda Ash.
  • Approximately 13 Million tons of Soda Ash are Produced Each Year by 4 Producers.

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slide11
Soda Ash Producers burn Thousands of Tons of Coal Each Day to Convert Trona into Soda Ash.

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slide12
The Soda Ash Producers also Calcine, or Heat, Thousands of Tons of Oil Shale Each Year Releasing Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPS).

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slide13

Soda ash production facilities heat Trona-oil shale to several hundred degrees. At these temperatures, water boils and is released as a vapor.

Hot Gases at 350 - 400F

Soda Ash

Plants

25 million tons / year

Trona-Oil Shale

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slide14

As the hot vapors contact colder air, the vapors condense…like a car's exhaust on a cold day…

Colder Air

Trona Cloud of Condensing Vapors

Hot Gases at 350 - 400F

Soda Ash

Plants

25 million tons / year

Trona-Oil Shale

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slide15

Many hazardous chemicals like benzene (boiling point 176F), a knowncarcinogen, are also boiled and condensed within the trona cloud…

Colder Air

2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants

Hot Gases at 350 - 400F

Soda Ash

Plants

25 million tons / year

Trona-Oil Shale

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slide16

…this results in Trona Cloud fog (i.e. benzene fog).

Colder Air

2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants

Soda Ash

Plants

25 million tons / year

Trona-Oil Shale

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slide17

Colder Air

This also results in Trona Cloud rain (i.e. benzene rain).

2 Million Lbs/Yr Hazardous Air Pollutants

Soda Ash

Plants

25 million tons / year

Trona-Oil Shale

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slide18

The soda ash plants are located along the Green River Valley, a natural bowl…

Solvay

OCI

FMC

General

Chemical

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slide19

Experts believe that air quality is deteriorating at an alarming rate due to the processing of more oil shale, as the mines are depleting their underground trona resources….

Solvay

OCI

FMC

General

Chemical

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slide20

The Green River Valley…is described by some experts as a “natural bowl of toxic chemical soup”….

Solvay

OCI

FMC

General

Chemical

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slide21
According to EPA Data, Approximately 2 Million Lbs. of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPS) are Released by the Soda Ash Producers Each Year.

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slide22

Trona Cloud HAPS

(2 Million Lbs Per Year)

1,3-Butadiene

Acetaldehyde

Acetophenone

Acrolein

Acrylonitrile

Antimony Compounds

Arsenic Compounds

Asbestos

Benzene

Beryllium Compounds

Biphenyl

Bis(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate

Cadmium Compounds

Carbon Disulfide

Chlorobenzene

Chromium Compounds

Cobalt Compounds

Cumene

Dibenzofuran

Ethylbenzene

Ethylene Dichloride

Formaldehyde

Hexane

Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrogen Fluoride

Isophorone

Lead Compounds

Manganese Compounds

Mercury Compounds

Methyl Chloride

Methyl Chloroform

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

Methylene Chloride

Nickel Compounds

Perchloroethylene

Phenol

Polycyclic Organic Matter

Polycyclic Organic Matter as 16-PAH

Propionaldehyde

Selenium Compounds

Styrene

Toluene

Trichloroethylene

Xylenes (Mixed Isomers)

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