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Psychology of Consciousness. Consciousness. Opening Activity: Describe a time when you were influenced, inspired or motivated by your dreams?. Consciousness.

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consciousness
Consciousness
  • Opening Activity: Describe a time when you were influenced, inspired or motivated by your dreams?
consciousness1
Consciousness
  • Consciousness – a state of awareness, including a person’s feelings, sensations. ideas and perceptions. The process by which the brain creates a model of internal and external experience.
consciousness2
Consciousness
  • History of the Study of Consciousness
    • Structuralsits
    • Behaviorists
    • Cognitive Neuroscience
      • Consciousness is serial
      • Non-consciousness is parallel
consciousness3
Consciousness
  • Tools for Studying Consciousness
    • Introspection - stream of consciousness
    • Mental rotation - "turning it over in your mind“
consciousness4
Consciousness
  • Tools for Studying Consciousness
    • Introspection - stream of consciousness
    • Mental rotation - "turning it over in your mind"
    • Zooming in with the mind
consciousness5
Consciousness
  • Functions of Consciousness
    • Restriction
    • Combination – “meeting place”
    • Manipulation – mental models
consciousness6
Consciousness
  • The Nonconscious Mind
    • Preconscious
    • Unconsciousness
    • Fill in the missing letters Def_ _ _
consciousness7
Consciousness
  • The “penny for your thoughts” experiment.
    • Beverly Hills (upper class)
    • South Los Angeles (working class)
  • What does the experiment tell us about consciousness?
    • Independent Variable
    • Dependent Variable
  • What are some of the problems with the experiment?
consciousness8
Consciousness
  • Write 4-5 sentence summary of what you learned in class today.
consciousness9
Consciousness
  • Opening Activity: Do you think it would be desirable to perfect a way to eliminate the need for sleep?
sleep and dreams
Sleep and Dreams
  • Everyday Consciousness
sleep and dreams1
Sleep and Dreams
  • Daydreaming
    • Positives
    • Negatives
    • The “white bear” experiment
sleep and dreams2
Sleep and Dreams
  • The Mysterious Third of Our Lives
    • Circadian rhythms
sleep and dreams3
Sleep and Dreams
  • The Mysterious Third of Our Lives
    • Circadian rhythms
    • The sleep cycle
      • NREM
      • REM
      • Sleep paralysis
      • REM rebound
sleep and dreams4
Sleep and Dreams
  • Sleep theories
    • Sleep protects
    • Sleep helps recuperation (brain cells)
    • Memory storage
    • Sleep and creative thinking
    • Sleeps aids growth in our youth
consciousness10
Consciousness
  • Write 4-5 sentence summary of what you learned in class today.
sleep and dreams5
Sleep and Dreams
  • Sleep Disorders
    • Insomnia
      • Onset insomnia
      • Early morning awaking
    • Sleep Apnea
    • Narcolepsy
    • Nightmares
    • Night Terrors
    • Sleepwalking
    • Sleep Talking
sleep and dreams6
Sleep and Dreams
  • Create a short skit
    • Must include:
      • Symptoms
      • Causes
      • Treatment
      • 2 – 3 minutes
      • Everyone must have a speaking role
dreaming
Dreaming
  • Hallucinations of the Sleeping Mind
    • Everyone dreams
    • Six years of our life is spent dreaming
      • 4 – 5 dreams a night (REM cycles)
    • Dreams often contain negative emotions
    • Dreams vary by culture, gender and age
    • Manifest Content
    • Latent Content
    • Dreams are in real time
dreaming1
Dreaming
  • Ordered Share: Describe the manifest content and speculate on the latent content of your dream.
dreaming2
Dreaming
  • Lucid Dreaming
dreaming3
Dreaming
  • Write 4-5 sentence summary of what you learned in class today.
theories of dreaming
Theories of Dreaming

Theories of Dreaming

Psychoanalytical

(Wish Fulfillment)

Information Processing

(Memory)

Activation-Synthesis

(Meaningless)

Creativity

&

Problem Solving

dreaming4
Dreaming
  • Frame Question: Which theory of dreams do you most agree with. Justify your answers.
dreaming5
Dreaming
  • Dream Interpretation Activity
hypnosis
Hypnosis
  • Opening Activity: Create a circle map in your notebook brain storming what you know, have heard, or words you associate with hypnosis.
hypnosis1
Hypnosis
  • Hypnosis – an induced state of awareness, usually characterized by heightened suggestibility, deep relaxation, and highly focused attention
hypnosis2
Hypnosis
  • Hypnotic ability and susceptibility
    • Openness to suggestion is key
    • 20% of people are highly hypnotizable; 10% difficult/impossible
    • Correlates are rich fantasy life, imagination, ability to focus attention and ignore distraction
    • Does not put a person to sleep
    • The person is not under the hypnotists power
    • Used to help people quit smoking, lose weight, manage stress, overcome phobias, diminish pain
    • Inaccurate memories are common
theories of hypnosis
Theories of Hypnosis

Theories of Hypnosis

Altered State of

Consciousness

Motivated State

Dissociated state

(Hilgard)

Role Theory

Which theory do you most agree with?

meditation
Meditation
  • Meditation – the focusing of attention to clear one’s mind and produce relaxation.
  • Three major approaches:
    • Transcendental meditation
    • Mindfulness meditation
    • Breath meditation
  • Effects of meditation
    • Lowers blood pressure
    • Reduces stress
    • Reduces anxiety
drugs and consciousness
Drugs and Consciousness
  • Opening Activity – What factors do you think have influenced the recent trend toward increased use of marijuana?
drugs and consciousness1
Drugs and Consciousness
  • Psychoactive Drugs – chemicals that affect the nervous system and result in altered consciousness.
drugs and consciousness3
Drugs and Consciousness

Psychoactive Drugs

Depressants

Stimulants

Narcotics

Hallucinogens

Marijuana

&

MDMA

drugs and consciousness4
Drugs and Consciousness
  • Psychological effects of psychoactive
    • Individual factors (body weight)
    • Number of times taken
    • Environmental setting
    • Mental Set
  • Write a summary on what you learned.
drug addiction
Drug Addiction
  • Opening Activity: What is the difference between psychological dependence and addiction. (476)

Addiction

drug addiction1
Drug Addiction
  • Drug Addiction
    • Psychological Dependence
    • Tolerance
    • Addiction (Physiological)
    • Withdrawal Symptoms
drug treatment
Drug Treatment
  • Drug Treatment
    • Admit that there is a problem
    • Options:
      • Detoxification
      • Maintenance program
      • Enter a treatment program and/or get therapy
      • Join support group
opening activity
Opening Activity
  • Do you think all drugs should be legalized? Give three reasons.
  • Should drugs be decimalized?
alcoholism
Alcoholism
  • Four main features:
    • Craving - a strong need to drink
    • Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've begun
    • Tolerance - the need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get “high”
    • Physical dependence – withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating or shakiness after stopping drinking
alcoholism1
Alcoholism
  • Causes/Risk Factors
    • Age & Sex
    • Steady Drinking over time
    • Genetics
    • Psychological factors (Anxiety & Depression)
    • Social and cultural Factors
alcoholism2
Alcoholism
  • Three Stages of Alcoholism (Jellinek)

Stage One

Stage Two

Stage Three

reflection
Reflection
  • Do you think the internet is addicting? Support your position with three reasons.