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Life Behind the Lines. The North Trent Affair – Increased tensions between the U.S. and Great Britain. Congress – Republicans are able to pass: Pacific Railroad Act – 1862 Morrill Tariff – 1861 Homestead Act – 1862 Morrill Land Grant Act – 1862

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life behind the lines

Life Behind the Lines

The North

Trent Affair – Increased tensions between the U.S. and Great Britain.

Congress – Republicans are able to pass:

Pacific Railroad Act – 1862

Morrill Tariff – 1861

Homestead Act – 1862

Morrill Land Grant Act – 1862

1st Federal Income Tax – Internal Revenue Act

National Banking System – Greenbacks

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Life Behind the Lines

The North

Lincoln – Needed to keep the border states in the union

Martial Law

Draft

Suspend Writ of Habeas Corpus

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Life Behind the Lines

The South

State’s Rights

Draft – 3 year period – 18 – 50 years of age

Controlled Economy – Production/Agriculture

Income Tax

Use of Slave Labor

Confederate Privateers

Looking to gain British/France Recognition

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Life Behind the Lines

Copperheads

Anti-War Democrats

Looked to go against Republicans policies.

Feared freed slaves coming to the North and taking away jobs.

Encouraged Northern dissention.

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Life Behind the Lines

African Americans

Radical Republicans – Non-African Americans who wanted to punish the Confederacy.

Emancipation Proclamation 1863 – Mixed reactions from those in the country but convinced Great Britain from intervening.

Ben Butler – Considered Slaves to be contraband– Confiscation Acts of 1861/1862.

African Americans joined the war effort – 54th Massachusetts Division (Glory).

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Life Behind the Lines

Hardships

South - Food/Supplies Shortages - Inflation

North - Industry Boomed

Prison Camps – Andersonville

Medical Condition – Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross