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U.S. Food Safety Policy and the U.S. Food Safety System

U.S. Food Safety Policy and the U.S. Food Safety System

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U.S. Food Safety Policy and the U.S. Food Safety System

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  1. U.S. Food Safety Policyand the U.S. Food Safety System Craig Harris Comparative Food Safety Systems Workshop 18 March 2005

  2. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system

  3. policy regulation research surveillance enforcement

  4. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels

  5. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • USDHHS/PHS/FDA • USDHHS/PHS/CDCP • USDA/FSIS • USDA/APHIS • USDHS

  6. U. S. National Academies of Science Press 1998

  7. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • USDHHS/PHS/FDA • USDHHS/PHS/CDCP • USDA/FSIS • USDA/APHIS • USDHS • How many food safety agencies should a nation-state have?

  8. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • USDHHS/PHS/FDA • USDHHS/PHS/CDCP • USDA/FSIS • USDA/APHIS • USDHS • Publish the Food Code

  9. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • USDHHS/PHS/FDA • USDHHS/PHS/CDCP • USDA/FSIS • Publish the Food Code • Guided by Conference for Food Protection

  10. Conference for Food Protection • non-profit organization, originated in 1971, by USDHHS/FDA and APHA • partnership among regulators, industry, academia, professional organizations and consumers • identify problems, formulate recommendations, and develop and implement practices that ensure food safety • meet at least biennially to provide a forum for working together to enhance the quality of the food supply

  11. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • Publish the Food Code • Guided by Conference for Food Protection • Regulate food safety for meat and eggs (USDA/FSIS) and fish (DHHS/PHS/FDA) in interstate commerce

  12. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • Publish the Food Code • Guided by Conference for Food Protection • Regulate food safety for meat and eggs (USDA/FSIS) and fish (DHHS/PHS/FDA) in interstate commerce • but . . . food safety is not one of the constitutionally granted powers of the federal government

  13. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • Publish the Food Code • Guided by Conference for Food Protection • Regulate food safety for meat and eggs (USDA/FSIS) and fish (DHHS/PHS/FDA) in interstate commerce • Deal directly with Association of Food and Drug Officials

  14. Association of Food and Drug Officials • The Vision – AFDO is an international leader and trusted resource for building consensus and promoting uniformity on public health and consumer protection issues related to the regulation of foods . . . • The Mission - AFDO, established in 1896, successfully fosters uniformity in the adoption and enforcement of food . . . safety laws, rules, and regulations. • AFDO and its six Regional Affiliates provide the mechanism and the forum where regional, national, and international issues are delibera-ted and resolved uniformly to provide the best public health and consumer protection in the most expeditious and cost effective manner.

  15. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • Publish the Food Code • Guided by Conference for Food Protection • Regulate food safety for meat and eggs (USDA/FSIS) and fish and anything else (DHHS/PHS/FDA) in interstate commerce • Deal directly with Association of Food and Drug Officials • Regulate food safety for food processing in states, tribal lands, and territories

  16. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • Regulate food safety for meat and eggs (USDA/FSIS) and fish and anything else (DHHS/PHS/FDA) in interstate commerce • Deal directly with Association of Food and Drug Officials • Regulate food safety for food processing in states, tribal lands, and territories • Delegate responsibility for food safety in food service institutions to local level

  17. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • State, tribal and territorial level • Local level • What is the relationship between the causal structure of foodborne illness, and the regulatory structure of food safety policy?

  18. policy regulation research surveillance enforcement

  19. Food Safety Policy System • Federal level • State, tribal and territorial level • Local level • What is the relationship between the causal structure of foodborne illness, and the regulatory structure of food safety policy? • What is the relationship between national policy and local enforcement?

  20. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy

  21. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • World Health Organization

  22. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • World Health Organization • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  23. Food Safety Policy System Parallel to agrifood system Involves several levels Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy World Health Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Codex Alimentarius Commission

  24. Food Safety Policy System Parallel to agrifood system Involves several levels Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy World Health Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Codex Alimentarius Commission World Trade Organization

  25. Food Safety Policy System Parallel to agrifood system Involves several levels Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy World Health Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Codex Alimentarius Commission World Trade Organization Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards Agrmt

  26. WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures • Science based • Least trade restricting • Non-discriminatory • Equivalence • International harmonization • Risk assessment • Transparency

  27. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • With 50% of U.S. food imported, what is relevance of national food safety policy structure?

  28. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • Increasing private sector action

  29. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • Increasing private sector action • Setting food safety standards

  30. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • Increasing private sector action • Setting food safety standards • Third party certification

  31. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • Increasing private sector action • To what extent does the food safety system operate to produce food safety? For whom?

  32. Food Safety Policy System • Parallel to agrifood system • Involves several levels • Increasing international trade in all kinds of foods implicates international agencies in food safety policy • Increasing private sector action • To what extent does the food safety system operate to produce food safety? For whom? • How does the food safety system operate to produce food safety?