Southern Africa Development Cooperation (SADC) Gender Equality Protocol. Presented By Lois Chingandu Executive Director SAfAIDS On behalf of Southern African Gender Protocol Alliance. The Road from a Declaration to a Protocol. Outline of Presentation.
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Presented By Lois Chingandu Executive Director SAfAIDS
On behalf of
Southern African Gender Protocol Alliance
The Road from a Declaration to a Protocol Equality Protocol
Efforts to promote gender equality, equity and women’s rights in Africa has gained momentum over the past 10 years thus setting the stage for the further gains.
Yet….2005 was a significant year for several reasons:
The single greatest challenge identified in the audit is to move the SADC region from an era of commitments to an era of implementation
The main recommendation arising from the audit was that:
• Heads of State adopt a Protocol to Accelerate Gender Equality in SADC: This would entail elevating the SADC Declaration on Gender and Development into a Protocol, as contemplated in Article 26 of the Addendum to the Declaration on the Prevention and Eradication of Violence Against Women and Children which makes provision for the adoption of legally binding instruments.
• The Protocol breaks new ground globally by incorporating and enhancing all existing commitments
• The Protocol incorporates all existing targets and also sets realistic, achievable targets where these do not exist:
• The Protocol is accompanied by an action planning framework
1 Equality Protocolst Key Lessons learnt were:
Go for the big picture
HOS think narrowly about gender equality. Most think its about jobs for women
Media was key to put the agenda on the map
Country consultations were key
Formation of a Regional Protocol Task Force (2 CIVIL SOCIETY, TROIKA,SADC Gender Unit and chaired by Lesotho PS for Gender and incoming SADC chair
Draft template of the protocol developed
Dec 2005- Regional Consultative Conference held to discuss template
June 2006- Meeting of Protocol experts roundtable and Task force to review Zero Draft 1 and Map out advocacy strategy
SADC Legal unit joined to advice on process and language
Road map developed
Missed 2006 summit
Road Map to 2007 force to review Zero Draft 1 and Map out advocacy strategy
Zero Draft 2
Zero Draft 1
Adopted and signed
Zero draft 3
Zero Draft 5
Zero Draft 4
2 force to review Zero Draft 1 and Map out advocacy strategynd lesson was the involvement of the legal unit was key to help us understand how things work in SADC
Led us to become more real about process and to do it right
July 2006 Regional Protocol Campaign writing and IT skills workshop by Genderlinks
Regional Seminar Officials for Gender and Justice Ministries –reviewed Zero draft 2-3
Ministers of Gender and Senior Officials reviewed Zero draft 3-4
Ministers of Justice and senior officials reviewed Zero draft 4-5
Integrated Council of Ministers reviewed Zero daft 5 which became the First Draft
Council of Ministers reviewed first and second draft to Head of States Summit.
Outcry from Civil Society
Draft watered down
Back to the drawing board
Developed the Livingstone Draft with 19 section instead of the 14 recommended
dropped in Zambia through the same road map again
2008 HOS in South Africa- After 7 drafts and three years of lobbying the protocol was signed although still opposed and Botswana and Mauritius
3 the 8 areasrd Lessons
Policy Change Takes Time and Requires Long-term support
Partnerships are Key: Between Civil Society and Government at National and Regional level.
Civil Society Leadership is key
1.To mobilise for the ratification of the Protocol
Action the 8 areas
Alliance members immediately engage with relevant stakeholders in particular the governments in country, to ensure that the ratification occurs in record time, in order that implementation effectively begins.
Alliance members would have to lobby and advocate in country, including political engagement with relevant ministries with a view to pushing for ratification of the Protocol.
2.Raise awareness on the content of the Protocol at national and regional levels
Use various media and other forums to raise awareness on the content of the Protocol. i.e
news supplements, opinions and commentaries for various media, as well as information brochures and posters.
Create in country Clusters
Produce an audit of progress achieved in 2010. This will be five years after the first audit conducted by NGOs in 2005 that is the baseline