rep blica de panam republic of panama l.
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República de Panamá Republic of Panama. Pro Mundi Beneficio For Benefit of the World. Coat of Arms. The green background symbolizes vegetation. The middle of the shield shows the moon rising and the sun setting marking the solemn hour of their Declaration of Independence.

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rep blica de panam republic of panama

República de PanamáRepublic of Panama

Pro Mundi Beneficio

For Benefit of the World

coat of arms
Coat of Arms
  • The green background symbolizes vegetation.
  • The middle of the shield shows the moon rising and the sun setting marking the solemn hour of their Declaration of Independence.
  • Sword and gun—abandonment to the civil wars.
  • Shovel and grub hoe—work
  • Cornucopia– emblem of wealth
  • Winged wheel– progress
  • Eagle– symbol of sovereignty
  • Nine stars– nine provinces in Panama
    • Bocas del Toro, Coclé, Colón, Chiriquí, Darién, Herrera, Los Santos, Panamá, Veraguas

BLUE STAR: Purity and honest life of the country

Liberal Party



Conservative Party

RED STAR: Authority and law in the country

Stars together represent the new republic

  • CAPITAL: Panama City
  • OFFICAL LANGUAGE: Spanish (many are bilingual)
  • AREA: 29,157 square miles a little bigger than West Virginia
  • POPULATION: 3,242,173 just a little smaller than the Twin Cities (July 2007 estimate)
  • DENSITY: 111/sq. mile
  • WEATHER: Hot, humid, cloudy, prolonged rain season from May to January, Short dry season from January

Panama City

  • RELIGION: 80% Roman Catholic, 12% Protestant, 4.4% Islam, 1.2% the Bahá’í Faith, 1% Buddhist , 0.1% Greek Orthodox, 0.4% Judaism, and 0.3%Hinduism.
  • POVERTY: 36% of population below poverty line
  • BIRTH RATE: 21.54/1,000 population
  • DEATH RATE: 5.44/1,000 population
  • LIFE EXPECTANCY: 75.19 years
  • LITERACY RATE: 91.9%
  • 0-14 years– 30%
  • 15-64 years– 63.6%
  • 65 and up– 6.4%
  • POPULATION: 3,242,173 just a little smaller than the Twin Cities (July 2007 estimate)

Annual Parade of 1000

traditional folk dresses,

music and dances

of the different regions and

provinces in Panama

economy and government
Economy and Government
  • GDP: $26.250 billion, per capita is $8,000
  • AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS: bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
  • INDUSTRIES: construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
  • NATURAL RESOURCES: Copper, Mahogany forests, hydropower, shrimp
  • GOVERNMENT TYPE: Constitutional democracy
  • GOVERNMENT BRANCHES: Executive, Judicial, Legislative
  • AIRPORTS: 117, 53 with paved runways
  • CURRENCY: Balboa, US Dollar

The Panamanian


Named for Vasco Nuñez de Balboa who explored Panama in 1513. One in picture is from 1947.


Panama is the southernmost country in Central America. It connects North and South America together. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the south, Costa Rica to the west, and Colombia to the east.

  • Settled by Spanish in the 16th century
  • November 28, 1821, led by José de Fábrega, gained independence from Spain
  • Joined Simón Boílvar’s Gran Colombia
  • November 3, 1903 gained independence from Colombia
  • In November 1903, Mr. Phillipe Bunau Varilla—a French citizen not authorized to sign treaties on behalf of Panama without the review of the Panamanians— signed the Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty which granted rights to the United States to build the Panama Canal

The Panama Canal

  • Issues of Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty were resolved with the Torrijos-Carter Treaties in 1977
  • General Omar Torrijos became the de facto leader of Panama
  • After death of Torrijos, power eventually fell to Manuel Antonio Noriega.
  • December 20, 1989, 27,000 U.S. personnel invaded Panama to remove Noriega.
  • Guillermo Endara was sworn in as new president
  • On December 31, 1999, the United States under the Torrijos-Carter treaty gave the Panama Canal back to the people of Panama.

General Omar Torrijos


CARIMAÑOLA - A roll made from ground and boiled

Yucca and filled with chopped meat and boiled eggs.

The roll is then fried before serving.

TAMALES - A very popular local delicacy these are made from boiled ground corn, with spices, chiken or pork inside. The Tamal is wrapped in a banana leaf and boiled before serving

EMPANADAS - These are something like a Cornish pastry.

Some are made from flour pastry and others from corn pastry.

They can be filled with meat, chicken or cheese.

  • Wikipedia
  • CIA World Factbook
  • Google Images
  • Focus Panama