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Privacy and Security Implications of Cloud Computing. 17 November 2009 - IGF Laurent Bernat - OECD. OECD Technology Foresight Forum on Cloud Computing. 14 October 2009 : OECD Technology Foresight Forum on Cloud Computing Government, Business, Civil Society, Technical Community

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privacy and security implications of cloud computing

Privacy and Security Implications of Cloud Computing

17 November 2009 - IGF

Laurent Bernat - OECD

oecd technology foresight forum on cloud computing
OECD Technology Foresight Forum on Cloud Computing
  • 14 October 2009 : OECD Technology Foresight Forum on Cloud Computing
  • Government, Business, Civil Society, Technical Community
  • www.oecd.org/ict
the cloud of buzzwords
The Cloud (of buzzwords)

Regulatory Requirements

Community Private Cloud

Public Cloud

Commodity Public Cloud

Private Cloud

SLA’s

Enterprise Public Cloud

Hybrid Cloud

Closed Private Cloud

Storage as a Service

ASP

CloudBursting

Software as a Service

Cloud Stacks

Web 3.0

Inter Cloud

On-premise

Security 1.3a

Information as a Service

Infrastructure as a Service

Elastic Computing

Clustering

Management as a Service

Security as a Service

Off-premise

Portability

Resource Democratization

Platform as a Service

Web 2.0

Integration as a Service

Time-Sharing

Database as a Service

Abstraction of Infrastructure

Process as a Service

Interoperability

Testing as a Service

Grid Computing

Hybrid Pricing

Pay As You Go

Hardware Virtualization

Utility Based Consumption

Desktop Virtualization

Subscription Pricing

Presentation Virtualization

Virtualization

Application Virtualization

Source: Gaurav Verma, SAS, OECD Cloud Computing Forum, 14 October 2009

cloud computing is
Cloud computing is…
  • « A model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction » (US NIST)
  • Various flavours of the Cloud:
    • Infrastructure as a Service, Platform as a Service, Software as a Service (degree of user control)
    • Public Cloud, community Cloud, Private Cloud
  • Difference between Cloud Computing and Web 2.0 applications ?
driven by real benefits
… driven by real benefits
  • Many benefits
    • Cost
    • Speed of development
    • Scalability
    • Ease of use
    • Reduction of legal complexity
    • Environmental impact (green ICT)
    • Security, reliability
  • Many of these benefits facilitate innovation
  • Concerns everybody: Individuals, SMEs, Large firms, Governments, NGOs
  • Opportunity for development (« Could computing »)
but there are issues
But there are issues…
  • Economic impact (e.g. employment)
  • Competition
  • Standards
  • Discrepancies in legal regimes
  • Environmental impact
  • Security
  • Privacy
security privacy
Security & privacy
  • Security in the Cloud vs. Security today
  • Security is context dependent.
  • Risk assessment and management are essential
  • Cloud computing makes IT truly global: it magnifies cross-border privacy issues
    • « Laws are inhenrently local, Cloud is inherently global »
  • Problems aren’t new. Their scale is.
  • Need to better understand the business models
oecd work
OECD Work
  • Main challenge is to devise policy approaches that foster security and privacy without stifling innovation.
  • « How to turn security/privacy as a competitive advantage to the market rather than a showstopper »
  • Work on economic aspects of security
oecd work9
OECD Work
  • 2007Recommendation on Privacy Law Enforcement Co-operation
  • 2008 Seoul Ministerial
  • Draft Report on the Changing Privacy Environment
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Cloud computing is an important trend
  • Issues are not new. The scale is.
  • Cross-border challenges
  • International cooperation and dialogue
  • Need for innovative policies that will foster innovation AND security/privacy
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