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“Four Careers and a Funeral”. The Importance of Career Planning . What do we mean by “career”?.

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four careers and a funeral

“Four Careers and a Funeral”

The Importance of Career Planning

what do we mean by career
What do we mean by “career”?
  • A career is the sum total of all the work you have done and will do in your lifetime. Any time you have exerted conscious effort to provide goods or services to benefit you or others, you have been engaged in work. Paid or unpaid, volunteer or reluctant, you have already played many work roles:
work roles
Work Roles:
  • Student
  • Homemaker
  • Babysitter
  • Office Worker
  • Waitress
  • You Name It
what is career development
What is Career Development?

A lifelong process involving

  • You and Work
  • Values
  • Life-Styles
investing your time
Investing Your Time

How you spend your time on an average day:

Work 33.3%

Sleep 33.3%


Travel 2.1%


Why not choose a job that you will enjoy and that will give you satisfaction commensurate with the amount of time you devote to it?

Today . . .
  • People are changing jobs every 2 - 3 years.
  • People are changing careers every 6 - 7 years.
  • The average number of career changes in a lifetime is 3 - 7.
investing your time7
Investing Your Time

Retirement Age:65

Your Age: -

Years Left to Work:

50 Weeks a Year:x 50

Weeks Left to Work:

40 Hours a Week: x 40

Hours Left to Work:

career development a four step process
Career Development -- A Four Step Process
  • Individual Assessment
  • Exploration
  • Career Decision Making
  • Career Action Plan
step one assessment
Step One: Assessment

Who Am I?

  • Career Values
  • Vocational Interests
  • Skills
  • Personal Style
  • Motivations
step two exploration
Step Two: Exploration

What options do I have?

  • Occupations
  • Roles
  • Industry
  • Location
  • Product or Service
step three decision making
Step Three: Decision-Making

What is best for me?

  • Consistent with my personal style
  • Personally satisfying
  • Compatible with my values
  • Fits with my interests
  • Requires my skills
step four career action plan
Step Four: Career Action Plan

How do I get there?

  • Identify career goal
  • Determine best goal
  • Identify the goal to be pursued
  • Set a date for each step
  • Identify who is involved
career exploration
Career Exploration
  • helps you pull together information about yourself and an occupation you are strongly considering.
  • directs you to focus on an occupation and analyze it in terms of things that are important to you.
  • points out what education and training you may need to qualify for the occupation.
  • helps you decide if the occupation fits the kind of life-style you want.
thinking about you
Thinking About You
  • Interests
  • Skills
  • Career Values
  • Personal Style
  • Life-style
  • Personal Goals
about the occupation
About the Occupation
  • What are the general duties or the nature of work?
  • What special training or qualifications are required?
  • How long will the education/training take?
  • Are there possibilities for advancement?
  • What is the work environment like?
about the occupation16
About the Occupation
  • Are there fringe benefits?
  • What are the current and future salary levels?
  • Are jobs available?
  • What other jobs will you qualify for with the same skills?
  • How can you gain experience in the field?
does the occupation fit
Does the Occupation Fit?
  • Are you interested in the work activities and job duties?
  • What required skills and abilities do you already possess?
  • How are your career values related to the occupation?
  • What characteristics of the occupation will help you to achieve your desired life-style?
  • Is the occupation consistent with your personal goals?
importance of knowledge areas
Importance of Knowledge Areas


“Very Important”*

Traditional English Skills 77%

Statistics/Math 58

Science 44

Philosophy/Logic 37

Economics 27

Broad Cultural Background 16

Social Sciences 11

World History 7

* by 500 employers surveyed in 1995

career planning
Career Planning

“If you don’t know where you’re going,

you’ll probably end up somewhere else.”

Lawrence Peter