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REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF NATIONAL PLATFORMS ON DRR & DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION, October 20-22, Panama. HFA & Climate Change Reporting Needs and Proposals. Presented by: Group 3 .
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REGIONAL CONSULTATIVE MEETING OF NATIONAL PLATFORMS ON DRR & DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION, October 20-22, Panama
HFA & Climate Change Reporting Needs and Proposals
A multi-stakeholder National Platform for DRR can help provide and mobilize knowledge, skills and resources required for mainstreaming DRR into development policies, planning and programmes.
DDR is not a legally-binding commitment
CCA – Adverse effects are not felt equally from one region / country to the next
Need for commitment to help the most vulnerableOverview
Millions of people are likely to be affected by floods, storm surges, erosion and other coastal hazards every year due to rising sea levels by the 2080s
Disaggregating measures to account for regional differences in impacts
Caribbean context – coping mechanisms and coping capacities
The Caribbean region in particular presents a strong need for integrated DRR & Climate Change Reporting & Programmes
Increase in extreme events & rising sea-levels are critical issues for the Caribbean in particular
Adaptive Capacity: The ability of a system to adjust to climate change (including climate variability and extremes) to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences. (Source: IPCC)
Climate Impact Assessment: The practice of identifying and evaluating the (detrimental and beneficial) consequences of climate change on natural and human systems. (Source: IPCC WG II)
What does this imply for the Caribbean region where (whole) populations will be displaced over the next 50-100 years and some islands may even disappear entirely?
National Communication on Climate Change to the UNFCC
Ibero-American Climate Change Offices Network (RIOCC)
Ibero-American Plan surrounding Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PIACC)
Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change (CPACC)
Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM)
The Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF)
Five-Year ACS Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Greater Caribbean
Peru is currently developing an agricultural insurance mechanism
Unlike Climate Change, HFA reporting and DRR measures are only a political commitment and not legally-binding
CCRIF must be strengthened or couples with other risk transfer mechanisms to account for climate change & extreme events, as well as smaller-scale events
Need for cluster of transfer mechanisms disaggregated
Reporting to whom and to what end? Purpose of reportingCurrent mechanisms
Incentives / disincentives
Displacement of environmentally-induced populations
Need to return to land-use planning & management as a central area of focus
Beyond assessments, need for coping mechanisms
Need for ownership and leadership of the DRR process at all levels, national and local in particularNeeds
Need for adequate capabilities for monitoring (extreme events)
Reporting to UN system and to national governments
Planning for displaced populations, in part due to rising sea levels
50 – 100 years: Who will report and who will support medium to long term programming, planning and policyIndicators
Consideration of local & cultural valuesIndicators cont.
Robustness i.e. cultural nuances considered & accounted for within reporting
Promote / support the rights of environmentally induced migrants
Land-use management and planning with focus on CC & DRR
Priority of water resources and other natural resources in medium to long term
Land tenure within the UN agendaProposals
DRR & CC tools and incentives for national governments specifically
Incentives for DRR beyond economic / macro terms
Move from theory to practice
Reporting at all levels, including local
Programmes for investing in prevention coupled with other mechanisms of risk transfer
Particular focus on high frequency, low intensity events
Mechanisms i.e. buffer for increasing resilience to smaller-scale events
Strengthening local coping capacities for small-scale events: lessons learned & good practices
Insurance mechanisms with incentives to increase resilience, reduce risk, and promote prevention through premiums
DRR & Priority 4 as a legally-binding reporting requirement (along with CCA) & commitment
Move from theory to practiceConclusions