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Nature of Science BED 6416. Before we begin…. Think of a topic – any topic – in the discipline that you hope to teach and write it down on a blank sheet of paper. What is Science?. There are many different definitions How do you define science?

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Before we begin…

  • Think of a topic – any topic – in the discipline that you hope to teach and write it down on a blank sheet of paper.


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What is Science?

  • There are many different definitions

  • How do you define science?

    • Turn your sheet of paper over and fold it in half

    • On the left side, make a list of 4 or 5 words that describe science.

    • Below that, still on the left side, make a list of 4 or 5 words that depict the important aspects of the specific science topic you chose

      • Think about the process of scientific exploration in that field


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Science in Action

  • How does science happen in the real world?

  • Flip your paper over, and as you watch this clip of “Race for the Double Helix,” write down 5-10 words on the right side of your paper that describe the essence of the scenes you are watching.

    • Start at 36:30 End at 46:05


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What is Science?

  • Unfold your paper and compare what you wrote on the two sides.

  • How do your two lists of terms compare?

  • How can you explain the differences?


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What is Science?

  • “Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.”

  • “If you thought that science was certain – well that is just an error on your part.”

    • Richard Feynman

  • “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms.”

  • “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.”

    • Albert Einstein


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    What is Science?

    • “The whole history of science has been the gradual realization that events do not happen in an arbitrary manner, but that they reflect a certain underlying order, which may or may not be divinely inspired.”

      • Steven Hawking

  • “In science, ‘fact’ can only mean ‘confirmed’ to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold provisional assent.’ I suppose that apples might start to rise tomorrow, but the possibility does not merit equal time in physics classrooms.”

    • Stephen Jay Gould

  • “It is the tension between creativity and skepticism that has produced the stunning and unexpected findings of science.”

    • Carl Sagan


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    What is Science?

    • “The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discovery is not Eureka! but rather, ‘hmm…that’s funny…’.”

    • “Creationists make it sound as though a ‘theory’ is something you dreamt up after being drunk all night.”

      • Isaac Asimov

  • “In this house, we OBEY the laws of thermodynamics.”

    • Homer Simpson


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    What is Science?

    Creativity

    Skepticism

    Funny

    Theory

    Laws

    • Belief

    • Certain

    • Empirical

    • Everyday

    • Order

    • Confirmed


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    Misunderstanding Science

    • Do students understand what science is?

      • What aspects might challenge them? What alternative conceptions might they have?

      • We are students

    • Do teachers understand what science is?

      • What aspects might challenge them? What alternative conceptions might they have?

      • We are teachers


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    Myths of Science

    • http://coehp.uark.edu/pase/TheMythsOfScience.pdf


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    Integrating N.O.S.

    • Go back to the topic you wrote down at the beginning of this discussion

    • With a partner, brainstorm some ways that you could integrate the N.O.S. into a lesson for that topic