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Nature of Science BED 6416. Before we begin…. Think of a topic – any topic – in the discipline that you hope to teach and write it down on a blank sheet of paper. What is Science?. There are many different definitions How do you define science?

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before we begin
Before we begin…
  • Think of a topic – any topic – in the discipline that you hope to teach and write it down on a blank sheet of paper.
what is science
What is Science?
  • There are many different definitions
  • How do you define science?
    • Turn your sheet of paper over and fold it in half
    • On the left side, make a list of 4 or 5 words that describe science.
    • Below that, still on the left side, make a list of 4 or 5 words that depict the important aspects of the specific science topic you chose
      • Think about the process of scientific exploration in that field
science in action
Science in Action
  • How does science happen in the real world?
  • Flip your paper over, and as you watch this clip of “Race for the Double Helix,” write down 5-10 words on the right side of your paper that describe the essence of the scenes you are watching.
        • Start at 36:30 End at 46:05
what is science5
What is Science?
  • Unfold your paper and compare what you wrote on the two sides.
  • How do your two lists of terms compare?
  • How can you explain the differences?
what is science6
What is Science?
  • “Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts.”
  • “If you thought that science was certain – well that is just an error on your part.”
        • Richard Feynman
  • “The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms.”
  • “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.”
        • Albert Einstein
what is science7
What is Science?
  • “The whole history of science has been the gradual realization that events do not happen in an arbitrary manner, but that they reflect a certain underlying order, which may or may not be divinely inspired.”
        • Steven Hawking
  • “In science, ‘fact’ can only mean ‘confirmed’ to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold provisional assent.’ I suppose that apples might start to rise tomorrow, but the possibility does not merit equal time in physics classrooms.”
        • Stephen Jay Gould
  • “It is the tension between creativity and skepticism that has produced the stunning and unexpected findings of science.”
        • Carl Sagan
what is science8
What is Science?
  • “The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discovery is not Eureka! but rather, ‘hmm…that’s funny…’.”
  • “Creationists make it sound as though a ‘theory’ is something you dreamt up after being drunk all night.”
        • Isaac Asimov
  • “In this house, we OBEY the laws of thermodynamics.”
        • Homer Simpson
what is science9
What is Science?

Creativity

Skepticism

Funny

Theory

Laws

  • Belief
  • Certain
  • Empirical
  • Everyday
  • Order
  • Confirmed
misunderstanding science
Misunderstanding Science
  • Do students understand what science is?
    • What aspects might challenge them? What alternative conceptions might they have?
    • We are students
  • Do teachers understand what science is?
    • What aspects might challenge them? What alternative conceptions might they have?
    • We are teachers
myths of science
Myths of Science
  • http://coehp.uark.edu/pase/TheMythsOfScience.pdf
integrating n o s
Integrating N.O.S.
  • Go back to the topic you wrote down at the beginning of this discussion
  • With a partner, brainstorm some ways that you could integrate the N.O.S. into a lesson for that topic