yardscaping healthy yards for families pets and wildlife l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
YardScaping… “Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
YardScaping… “Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 66

YardScaping… “Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

YardScaping… “Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife. Gary Fish, Coordinator Maine YardScaping Partnership (207) 287-2731 gary.fish@maine.gov. The Partnership is very diverse!. YardScaping. A new paradigm? Some call it “Sustainable Landscaping” or “Ecological Landscaping”

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'YardScaping… “Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife' - ryanadan

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
yardscaping healthy yards for families pets and wildlife

YardScaping…“Healthy” Yards for Families, Pets and Wildlife

Gary Fish, CoordinatorMaine YardScaping Partnership (207) 287-2731gary.fish@maine.gov

  • A new paradigm?
  • Some call it “Sustainable Landscaping” or “Ecological Landscaping”
  • We want to keep it simple

Back Cove –Demonstration Site

Back Cove –Demonstration Site

yardscaping mission
YardScaping Mission
  • To inspire Maine people to
    • create healthy yards for families, pets and wildlife
    • by using less fertilizer, pesticides and water
yardscaping core values
YardScaping core values
  • Practice low-input yard care
  • Reduce runoff
  • Choose the right plant for the right place
  • Manage pests wisely
  • Diversify your landscape
national lakes assessment

National Lakes Assessment

1,028 Lakes Studied in 2007

nla findings
NLA Findings
  • 56% of Nation’s Lakes: Good
  • 44% Fair or Poor
nla conclusions
NLA Conclusions
  • Removal of critical buffer vegetation, including trees and shrubs along shoreline areas contributed to findings
  • Conclusion: “Poor biological health is three times more likely in lakes with poor shoreline habitat.”
  • Probably can extend these findings to coastal bays as well
urban water sampling
Urban water sampling
  • Friends Of Casco Bay did some detective work in 2001 - 2008
  • Sampled runoff water from intensive lawn care areas in Cumberland, S Portland, Westbrook, Falmouth, Yarmouth, Brunswick, Freeport, Portland and Cape Elizabeth & Back Cove area
  • Sampled sediments for pyrethroid insecticides in Falmouth and Portland in 2008
friends of casco bay sampling
Friends of Casco Bay sampling
  • Pesticide residues detected in surface water
    • Diazinon up to (2.6 ppb)**
    • 2,4-D up to (36.4 ppb)
    • Dicamba up to (4.1 ppb)
    • MCPP up to (26 ppb)
    • MCPA up to (0.45 ppb)
    • Clopyralid up to (0.91 ppb)
    • Propiconazole up to (0.075 ppb)
    • Chlorothalonil up to (0.22 ppb)
    • Found Excess Nitrogen & Phosphorous in most samples
  • Pesticide residues detected in sediments
    • Bifenthrin up to (16.6 ppb) 100% of samples

**Values in red exceed Aquatic Life Criteria

usgs national water quality assessment 2006 report
USGS National Water Quality Assessment – 2006 Report
  • Sampled urban streams
    • Insecticides occurred more frequently in urban streams than they did in agricultural area streams
    • Herbicides detected in 99% of Urban stream samples
    • Phosphorous found at same levels as in agricultural streams
      • 70% of those samples exceeded the EPA level for causing excessive algal growth
one third of u s bird species endangered survey finds

One Third of U.S. Bird Species Endangered, Survey Finds


Published: March 19, 2009

Habitat destruction, pollution and other problems have left nearly a third of the nation’s 800 bird species endangered, threatened or in serious decline, according to a study issued on Thursday.


- 48%

Wood Thrush



Prothonotary Warbler

127 species of neotropical migrant birds are declining

what s a gardener to do
What’s a gardener to do?
  • Be a YardScaper
    • Improve the soil
    • Reduce the need for irrigation
    • Right Plant…Right Place
    • Slow the flow
    • Plant native and avoid invasive plants
    • Reduce the need for weed and insect control
    • Apply fertilizers and pesticides properly & sparingly

Back Cove –Demonstration Site

improve the soil
Improve the soil
  • Know your soil - Soil test
  • Add low nutrient composts
    • Avoid nutrient banking
  • Apply compost tea but not to edible parts of plants
  • Avoid products with animal manures
  • Aerate lawns
  • Return lawn clippings
    • Keep clippings off impervious surfaces
reduce irrigation needs

Sweet Fern

Red Chokeberry

Reduce irrigation needs
  • Use drought tolerant plants
    • Fescues instead of Kentucky Blue Grass or Ryegrass
    • Sweet Fern will colonize the driest and worse soils
    • Red Chokeberry tolerates very dry soils

Tall Fescue

low maintenance lawn benefits 2000 cmhc study of 30 residences
Low Maintenance Lawn Benefits – 2000 CMHC study of 30 residences
  • Residents with low-maintenance lawns spent
    • 50 per cent less time,
    • 85 per cent less money, and
  • used
    • 50 per cent less fuel,
    • 85 per cent less fertilizer,
    • 100 per cent less water and
    • 100 per cent less pesticides per year


choose and place plants carefully
Choose and place plants carefully
  • Right plant… right place
    • Hardiness zone
    • Sun exposure
    • Soil type
match the sun requirements of your plants
Match the sun requirements of your plants
  • Native groundcovers




Full sun

Partial sun/shade


reduce irrigation needs32
Reduce irrigation needs
  • Mulch properly
    • Organic mulches conserve water
    • Not too deep (2 – 4inches)
    • Don’t use impervious weed barriers
    • No volcano mulching
    • Shred your leaves and use as mulch under trees and shrubs or as winter cover for bulbs
  • Mow high
    • 3 – 4 inches is best
    • Taller grass has deeper roots
    • Higher cut reduces weed problems
reduce irrigation needs33
Reduce irrigation needs
  • Reduce lawn area
  • Water properly

My own wildflower field

slow the flow
Slow the flow
  • Capture runoff
    • Rain barrel
    • Rain Gardens
    • Pervious walks & driveways
  • Resist the neatnik inside you
slow the flow35
Slow the flow
  • Curves are good
  • Reduce lawn area
  • Create buffers
protect waters with buffers
Protect waters with buffers
  • Preserve existing landscape
  • Winding paths
  • Don’t mow to the water’s edge
  • Leave the duff
reduce runoff
Reduce runoff
  • Reduce amount of pervious (hard) surfaces
  • Create rain gardens or install rain barrels
  • Direct water into vegetated areas

Porous pavement

reduce the need for weed and insect control

Common Ninebark – dry sunny site

Reduce the need for weed and insect control
  • Plant resistant varieties
  • Right plant right place

Bunchberry – shady and moist site

reduce the need for weed and insect control39
Reduce the need for weed and insect control
  • Mow high and sharp
    • Sharp blades reduce disease & stress
  • Feed the need
    • Healthy plants resist problems
    • Spoon feeding is best
  • Seed, seed, seed
    • Seeds and plants are the best weed control
reduce the need for weed and insect control40
Reduce the need for weed and insect control
  • Keep air circulating
    • Prune plants properly
  • Encourage beneficials
    • Provide continuous blooms
    • Apply beneficials
  • Encourage birds
habitat enhancement for beneficials
Habitat enhancement for beneficials

Many beneficials, as adults, larvae, or both, require pollen and/or nectar as dietary supplements

Key is to provide a series of plants that, collectively, provide continuous nectar/pollen supplyMany of the same plants that provide food and habitat for natural enemies also provide resources for pollinators


AlienAutumn Olive

NativeBlack Cherry

456 insect species

9 insect species

on average natives support 12x more lepidopteran species
On average natives support 12x more lepidopteran species


N=69 for aliens


N=101 for natives




Woody Ornamentals

avoid invasive plants

Viburnum Leaf Beetle

Avoid invasive plants
  • Some can ruin lakes
  • Others change wetlands
  • Native plants are not a panacea
    • Some may be very susceptible to alien insects
be careful when controlling invasive plants
Be careful when controlling invasive plants
  • Control can degrade water quality
    • Erosion causes siltation
  • Must replace with new plants
    • Nature always fills open spots

Garlic mustard

apply fertilizers properly sparingly
Apply fertilizers properly & sparingly
  • Test the soil
  • Use slow release nitrogen with No Phos
  • Spoon feed
    • Apply ½ rate
    • Apply once or twice only
  • No weed & feed
select slow release fertilizers
Select slow release fertilizers
  • Total Nitrogen (N)...…..................….8.00%      1.0 % Water Soluble Nitrogen      7.5 % Water Insoluble NitrogenAvailable Phosphate (P205)..........….1.0 %Soluble Potash (K20)....................…1.0 % Derived from corn gluten, steamed bone meal & sulfate of potash
  • NON PLANT FOOD INGREDIENTS Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus licheniformis, Bacillus pumulis, Bacillus megaterium, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Paenibacillus durum each @ 275,000 CFU per gram of finished product

Look for Water Insoluble Nitrogen (WIN)

apply pesticides properly sparingly
Apply pesticides properly & sparingly
  • Practice IPM
    • ID pests
    • Think first… Spray last
  • Choose least toxic and effective products
  • Apply properly
    • Keep off hard surfaces
    • Measure areas
    • Calibrate equipment
proper application
Proper application
  • Base applications on soil test results
  • Never apply when there is standing water
  • Never apply to saturated soils
  • Never apply to frozen ground
proper application54
Proper application
  • Never apply until soil warms to 50 - 55°F at 3” soil depth
  • Never apply between December 1 and April 1
  • Do not apply pesticides if rain or irrigation is imminent, unless specified by label
  • Do not apply if moderate or heavy rain is imminent regardless of label statements
  • Never apply to impervious surfaces
proper application55
Proper application
  • Never apply near areas prone to runoff, i.e., culverts, drains, drainageways or wells
  • Never apply to bare ground unless establishing seed
  • Cover seed to prevent erosion
  • Clean up spills immediately
  • Lightly water-in fertilizers
  • When the label directs, assure that pesticides are watered in as directed
25 foot buffer zone required next to waters and wetlands
25-foot buffer zone required next to waters and wetlands
  • Applies to all terrestrial “Broadcast” pesticide applications
    • Except stinging insect and arthropod vector control, and
    • Man-made Ag wetlands, e.g., Cranberry bog areas
  • Variances may be granted if the Board approves and protections are reasonably equivalent
where to learn more
Where to learn more


where to learn more58
Where to learn more


where to learn more59
Where to learn more


back cove demonstration area
Back Cove demonstration area
  • It is a 2 acre +/- site that will be developed over two years
  • We have 4 “yards” featuring different types of landscapes
    • Rural – Field & wildflowers with native trees and wildlife habitat enhancements
    • Suburban/Rural – No-mow grass with native trees & shrubs
    • Urban/Suburban – Very low input lawn grasses that are mowed with very low input native and non-invasive alien trees & shrubs
    • Urban – YardScaping lawn mix with low input native and non-invasive alien trees & shrubs
rural meadow area
Rural/Meadow Area
  • Few trees & shrubs
  • Meadow areas
  • Rough paths
  • Bird boxes
  • Wildlife shelters
  • Bush hog 1x/year
suburban rural
  • No-mow lawn
  • Maintenance free native trees and shrubs
  • Mulched paths
  • Mown 2x/year
urban suburban
  • Very low input grasses
  • Very low input native and non-invasive alien trees & shrubs
  • Stone dust paths
  • More benches
  • Grass mown at 3 inches
  • YardScaping grass mix
  • Low input native and non-invasive alien trees & shrubs
  • Crushed stone paths