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Descriptive Writing. EAP 1640 Advanced ESL Composition. What Kind of Writing . Objective Subjective The role it plays will vary. Exposition – when you want to explain an event or how something works or what you think about a particular place, person, or idea. Focus on subject

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descriptive writing

Descriptive Writing

EAP 1640 Advanced ESL Composition

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

what kind of writing
What Kind of Writing
  • Objective
  • Subjective
  • The role it plays will vary.

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

purpose
Exposition – when you want to explain an event or how something works or what you think about a particular place, person, or idea.

Focus on subject

Clear description achieves this

Persuasion – focus is on reader, person whose mind you want to change.

Purpose

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

audience
Audience
  • If your audience is general, such as your classmates – your assumptions about them are more general.
  • You fill in gaps for readers with descriptive details.
  • What do they know?

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

slide5
Tone
  • How you want the reader to feel about the subject.
  • This is your attitude toward the subject and audience.
  • Compare examples from text.

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

details
Details
  • Make us see what the writer is describing.
  • Concrete words – words used that can be easily visualized.
  • Abstract words – not easily visualized. May hold different meanings for different people.

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

comparison
Comparison
  • Useful in description to make it more vivid to readers, especially when describing sensory images.
  • Produce arresting image, explain the unfamiliar. Make a connection with the reader’s own experience, or reinforcing a major point in an essay.
  • Compare the unfamiliar to the familiar.

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

how are comparisons made
How are comparisons made?

Metaphor – direct equation

Simile – comparison with ‘like’or ‘as’

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

slide9

Allusion- indirect reference to a real or fictitious person, place, or thing.

Analogy- extended metaphor

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

slide10

Cliches – overworked comparisons

Slow as a turtle

Red as a rose

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

diction
Diction
  • Words chosen by writer which determine whether the description is more objective or subjective
  • whether it’s tone is factual or impressionistic.

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition

thesis
Thesis
  • May be:
  • implicit or
  • explicit
  • Main point
  • What the writer builds the essay on

EAP1640 Advanced ESL Composition