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Word Stress - Guidelines. read: Roach Chapter 10 We first ask: is the word simple, complex or compound?. Word Stress - Guidelines. Simple. Complex. Compound :. Word Stress - Guidelines. Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato. Complex. Compound.

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word stress guidelines
Word Stress - Guidelines
  • read: Roach Chapter 10

We first ask: is the word simple, complex or compound?

word stress guidelines1
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple

Complex

Compound:

word stress guidelines2
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato

Complex

Compound

word stress guidelines3
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato

Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation

Compound

word stress guidelines4
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato

Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation

Compound: more than one unbound morpheme: greenhouse, handbag, overcast, whitewash

word stress guidelines5
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple: complicated rules, many exceptions

Complex: fairly simple and fixed rules

(see Roach)

Compound: fairly simple rules, not many exceptions (see Roach)

word stress guidelines6
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple: complicated rules, many exceptions

I know of no simple or exceptionless set of rules, but try googling “word stress”:

  • http://oak.ucc.nau.edu/tn24/wordstress/wstresstext.html
  • http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/think/pron/word_stress.shtml
1 simple words
1. SIMPLE WORDS

We have to consider the following:

  • the phonological structure of the syllable
  • the number of syllables
  • the grammatical category
1 simple words1
1. SIMPLE WORDS
  • Phonological structure: 'heavy' and 'light' syllables

A 'heavy' syllable

  • contains a long (tense) vowel or a diphthong OR
  • ends in more than one consonant.

Otherwise the syllable is light.

word stress guidelines7
Word Stress - Guidelines

Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato

Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation

Compound: more than one unbound morpheme: greenhouse, handbag, overcast, whitewash

2 complex words
2. Complex Words
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Unclear distinction, not always useful

legal – illegal

lawful – unlawful

2 complex words suffixes
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • stem + affix (prefix, infix, suffix)
  • Is the affix productive (=common, can be applied to new words) ?
2 complex words suffixes1
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
  • Have no effect:

comfort + able, wonder + ful

-age, -al, -en, -ing, - ish

2 complex words suffixes2
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
    • Have no effect
    • Effect the stress-pattern
    • Take the stress themeselves
2 complex words suffixes3
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
    • Have no effect
    • Effect the stress-pattern
    • Take the stress themeselves
2 complex words suffixes4
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
    • Have no effect

comfort - able, wonder - ful

-age, -al, -en, -ing, - ish

2 complex words suffixes5
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
    • Have no effect
    • Effect the stress-pattern.

attract the stress to the syllable before the suffix

photo - graphy, perfect – ion, tranquil – ity

-eous, -ious, -ial, -ic, -ive

2 complex words suffixes6
2. Complex Words: suffixes
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Suffixes:
    • Have no effect
    • Effect the stress-pattern
    • Take the stress themeselves

refugee, mountaineer, Portuguese, cigarette, picturesque

3 complex words two stems
3. Complex words: two stems
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • suitcase, sunrise, toothbrush
  • tooth-brush, car-ferry, hay-fever,
  • Web page, hay fever, summer time
3 complex words two stems1
3. Complex words: two stems
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Variable stress

it’s upstairs, an upstairs bedroom

he’s bad-tempered, a bad-tempered man

3 complex words two stems2
3. Complex words: two stems
  • Roach, Chapter 11
  • Word-class pairs, p110

insult, objet, protest, record