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President Jimmy Carter. By: Krista McNulty and Nicole Rodriguez. Key Terms. US Energy Crisis “Malaise” Deregulation Inflation. Background. His full name is James Earl Carter, Jr. [1] Born October 1, 1924 [1] Served from 1971-1975 as Georgia State Governor [1]

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president jimmy carter
President Jimmy Carter
  • By: Krista McNulty and Nicole Rodriguez
key terms
Key Terms
  • US Energy Crisis
  • “Malaise”
  • Deregulation
  • Inflation
background
Background
  • His full name is James Earl Carter, Jr.[1]
  • Born October 1, 1924[1]
  • Served from 1971-1975 as Georgia State Governor[1]
  • Served as president 1977-1981[1]
  • As governor he gained support by emphasizing ecology, he had a efficient government and removed racial barriers.[1]
us energy crisis
US Energy Crisis
  • The Nixon Administration, during 1973, reduced the amounts of oil available to the world market. [2]
  • The US was too dependent on foreign suppliers.
  • This created the 1973 Oil Crisis causing oil prices to rise sharply. [2]
  • US oil imports had shot up 65% since 1973[3]
  • Price control caused shortages and long lines at gas stations[2]
  • According to Carter, it was "a clear and present danger to our nation" and "the moral equivalent of war”[2]
us energy crisis1
US energy crisis
  • 1976 the US was consuming 1/4 of all OPEC production[3]
  • OPEC increased oil prices from $13/barrel to over $34/barrel
  • Carter passed the Emergency Natural Gas Act of 1977 which allowed the government to ration natural gas.
  • Created the Department of Energy to regulate energy suppliers and fund research for new sources of energy including solar and wind power.

[5]

us energy crisis2
US energy crisis
  • Inflation and interest rates rose
  • The economy declined, less jobs were available, and consumer confidence declined.
  • Doubling of OPEC oil price from 7.7% in 1978 to 13.5% in 1980
  • Delivered the “Malaise” Speech on April 18, 1977 declaring that 75% of US energy is running out and places the main blame on the people.
    • He claimed it was a “moral and spiritual crisis” and blamed fellow citizens for being too concerned with “material goods” [4]
environment
Environment
  • Dubbed as the 'environmentally conscious' president.
  • June 20, 1979 Carter installed 32 Solar panels on the roof of the White House hoping to promote the use of solar energy.
  • December 2, 1980: The Alaska National Interest Conservation Act
    • Created 103 million acres of national park land
  • December 11, 1980, he enacted the "Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980” (CERCLA)
    • This program was designed to clean up sites infected with hazardous waste in order to protect the environment.
deregulation
Deregulation
  • Oil and Natural Gas
    • Deregulated prices resulting in vast increase in supply 1980’s, lowering the prices.
  • American beer industry 1979:
    • legal to sell ingredients to home brewers
  • Airline Deregulation Act
    • October 24, 1978
    • removed government control over fares, rates and the entry of new airline companies
economy
Economy
  • Inflation rate was far above 13% by 1979
  • Carter said that the American tax system was a “disgrace to the human race” and made an $18 billion tax cut in 1978 [4]
  • Inflation was tied to the Oil Crisis
summary
Summary
  • Viewed by many as a failure president
  • He had policies of peacekeeping and humanitarianism
  • Created the Department of Education and Department of Energy
  • Appointed record numbers of women, blacks and hispanics to government jobs
  • Achieved much more outside of presidency, including his Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
  • Increased 8 million jobs, decreased budget deficit
  • Inflation and interest rates at near record highs
bibliography
Bibliography
  • [1] "Jimmy Carter." 10 Mar. 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_carter#Presidency>.
  • [2] "Presidency of Jimmy Carter." Wikipedia. 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidency_of_Jimmy_Carter>.
  • [3] “Jimmy Carter” Web. 18 Mar. 2012. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents.jimmycarter>
  • [4] Bailey, Thomas Andrew, and David M. Kennedy. The American Pageant. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Print.
  • [5] http://www.google.com/imgres?q=OPEC+1970&um=1&hl=en&client=safari&sa=N&rls=en&biw=1143&bih=466&tbm=isch&tbnid=dtByWp0xiywTlM:&imgrefurl=http://www.retro-housewife.com/life-in-the-1970s.html&docid=GGj-KwIbNqjT8M&imgurl=http://www.retro-housewife.com/images/newspapers/1970/1976-bar-chart-opec-oil-prices.jpg&w=183&h=277&ei=S69qT-fPMsGTiQKmotGuBQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=250&sig=107492280448795637128&page=1&tbnh=124&tbnw=82&start=0&ndsp=11&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=53&ty=54