Research Problem . A major recommendation from national studies (i.e., Vision and Change , AAAS/NSF; ASM Undergraduate Curriculum Guidelines) on higher education in science is to teach core concepts and to employ active learning. There are a wide variety of active learning methods.
ASM Curriculum Guidelines enduring concepts: CSF – cell structure & function, IFG – information flow & genetics, EVO – evolution, MP – metabolic pathways, MS – microbial systems
Active learning method hypothesized to best fit concept in red
Compare learning gains, Mann-Whitney