New England Colonies:Ch. 3 Lesson 2 Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut
Essential Question & Learning Goal • EQ: How do new ideas change the way people live? • LG: Students will be able to analyze and sequence information about early Colonial America, demonstrate connections between events, identify points of view of colonial leaders and explain their impact, and analyze the contributions of key groups to colonial society. SS.8.A.1.5, SS.8.A.1.6, SS.8.A.2.2, SS.8.A.2.4, SS.8.A.2.5, SS.8.A.2.7, SS.8.C.2.1, SS.8.G.1.2, SS.8.G.4.2, SS.8.G.4.4, LA.126.96.36.199, LA.188.8.131.52, LA.184.108.40.206
Seeking Religious Freedom • 1) Puritans (Protestants that didn’t like the Anglican Church) • 2) Separatists (Puritans that wanted to leave and set up their own church) • 3) Pilgrims (Separatists that came to America on a religious journey) • Landed in Massachusetts at a place called Plymouth. • Left Europe so they could create a place of religious tolerance
Mayflower Compact • William Bradford leader of the Pilgrims that helped write the document • A formal document that: • Pledged loyalty to England and would do things for the good of the colony VIDEO
Native Americans • Helped Pilgrims after the first winter • Most Pilgrims died of disease and malnutrition
Native Americans video • Squanto & Samoset taught pilgrims to farm and where to hunt and fish, and make peace with other Natives. • With these skills, Pilgrims were able to survive in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts Bay Colony • Great Migration: Puritans left England because they disagreed with the church and were being persecuted by King Charles I. • Formed the Massachusetts Bay Company on a royal charter and formed a new colony. • Massachusetts Bay Colony • John Winthrop was the colony’s governor • 1630 led 900 men, women, and children to Massachusetts Bay
Connecticut • People weren’t happy with Massachusetts and Puritan leaders • Moved to Connecticut (good land and more religious freedom) • Wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut • first written constitution in America • described the representative government in detail
Rhode Island and New Hampshire • Roger Williams • Forced out of Massachusetts because he wanted religious freedom • Said it was wrong to take land from Natives • Anne Hutchinson • Questioned the authority of religious leaders in Massachusetts, found guilty of false ideas and had to leave and went to Rhode Island • Rhode Island was the first place in the colonies where people could practice any religion freely • New Hampshire became independent of Massachusetts in 1679
Conflicts with Native Americans • Indians were willing to sell land and courts frequently ruled in favor of Natives. • 1675 War against the Wampanoag people • War began after 3 natives were executed for murdering colonists. • King Phillips War VIDEO • Wampanoag people were defeated • War destroyed the power of the Native Americans in New England
Salem Witch Trials video • 1689: FEAR • Jan 1692: two girls start acting strange • The trials • Legacy Swimming test Prayer test Touch test Witch Cakes Witch Marks Picking and Scratching Incantations (charging)
Twitter Wall • Tweet as one of the following types of colonists: • Pilgrim on the Mayflower • A colonists in Salem during the Witch Trials • As Roger Williams or Anne Hutchinson
Exit Card • List and Describe the two steps that were taken towards a Representative/Democratic government that we have discussed in class and is in our notes.