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Mid-term 8 th Grade American History Rutledge/Jones. Units 1 - 4. 1. Which of the following was MOST responsible for the spread of knowledge during the Renaissance? SS 08-4.2.2 DOK 2. The rediscovery of the classical thinkers of Greece and Rome.

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Mid-term 8 th Grade American History Rutledge/Jones


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Mid-term

8th Grade American History

Rutledge/Jones

Units 1 - 4

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1. Which of the following was MOST responsible for the spread of knowledge during the Renaissance? SS 08-4.2.2 DOK 2
  • The rediscovery of the classical thinkers of Greece and Rome.
  • The rapid growth of scientific study and discoveries.
  • The movement of scholars from the Byzantine Empire to Europe.
  • The development of the printing press and movable type.

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2. Which of the following statements BEST describes the cause of increase trade between Europe and Asia in the late Middle Ages? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • Marco Polo’s stories of Asia’s great wealth led many Europeans to seek out Asian goods.
  • European merchants traded with Asia due to a lack of valuable natural resources in Europe.
  • The growth of towns during the Middle Ages led to an increase demand for Asian trade goods.
  • The interruption of trade caused by the Crusades led many merchants to travel to Asia in search of trade partners.

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3. What was the MAIN reason European merchants began searching for a sea route to Asia in the 1400s? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2
  • They wanted to bypass merchants who had a monopoly on Asian products.
  • Overland trade routes had become more dangerous than they had been.
  • Many educated Asians had become interested in European cultures.
  • Direct access to African goods would have increased profits.

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4 how do scientists think people first migrated to the americas ss 08 5 1 2 dok 2
4. How do scientists think people first migrated to the Americas? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2
  • After the Ice Age, glaciers melted and people crossed by land.
  • After the Ice Age, glaciers melted and people came in large boats.
  • During the Ice Age, the sea froze and people crossed the ice.
  • During the Ice Age, the sea level dropped and people crossed by land.

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5. Why did the ways of life of Native Americans change forever in the 1500s? SS 08-4.3.2 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2
  • Because of the climate.
  • Because of the wars between nations.
  • Because of the arrival of the Europeans.
  • Because of the lack of food.

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6 christopher columbus s four voyages across the atlantic ocean ss 08 5 1 2 ss 08 5 2 1 dok 2
6. Christopher Columbus’s four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean...SS 08-5.1.2 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2
  • Led to an exchange of people, foods, and germs between Europe and the Americas.
  • Led to a decline in Europe’s population because of new diseases.
  • Led to the introduction of slavery to Spain and other parts of Europe.
  • Led to a race between Spain and India to claim large parts of the Americas.

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7. Why did European diseases in the Americas help create the slave trade?SS 08-3.2.1 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2
  • Because European disease frightened native laborers, who refused to work for the colonists.
  • Because European diseases killed so many Native Americans that a new labor force was needed.
  • Because European colonists became too ill to work, so another source of labor had to be found.
  • Because Africans were not immune to European diseases, they had to be forced to work as slaves for the colonists.

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8. Why did the French treat Native Americans with more respect than some other European settler?SS 08-2.3.1 & SS 08-3.2.1 DOK 2
  • Because of their close trading relationships.
  • Because of the greater attraction of settlements in Canada.
  • Because religious wars in France distracted French colonists.
  • Because of the absence of a flourishing fur trade.

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9 which generalization best sums up the founding of the english colonies ss 08 2 3 1 dok 2
9. Which generalization best sums up the founding of the English colonies?SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2
  • The English colonies were founded by people with different goals ranging from making money to following their faith.
  • The English colonies were founded by business people who planned to make money by selling land to settlers.
  • The English colonies were founded by Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics who wanted a place to worship in peace.
  • The English colonies were founded to provide a new start to poor people throughout Europe.

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10. In European nations, the practice of carefully controlling trade to create and maintain wealth was called...SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2
  • Brokering
  • Capitalism
  • Profiteering
  • Mercantilism

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11 which of the following is an example of mercantilism ss 08 3 2 1 dok 2
11. Which of the following is an example of mercantilism?SS 08-3.2.1 DOK 2
  • The English colonist could only trade its natural resources to European countries.
  • The English colonists could only trade its iron ore and other valuable natural resources with England.
  • The English colonists were free to trade with any country as long as England received the profits.
  • The English colonists were free to trade with any country and keep the profits.

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12. Why are the Mayflower Compact, the Fundamental Orders, and town meetings created by the colonists’ examples of a democratic government? SS 08-5.2.2 DOK 2

  • It showed the determination of colonists to build societies based on religious freedom.
  • It showed the determination of colonists to solve conflicts with Native Americans peacefully.
  • It showed the determination of colonists to govern themselves and solve their own problems.
  • It showed the determination of colonists to stop indentured servants from coming to America.

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13 why was the stamp act of 1765 upsetting to the colonists ss 08 2 3 1 dok 2
13. Why was the Stamp Act of 1765 upsetting to the colonists? SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2
  • To enforce it, Britain placed its own judges on the benches of colonial courts.
  • To enforce it, Britain’s standing army used violence to frighten taxpayers.
  • It was the first attempt by Parliament to tax exports, not just imports.
  • It was the first time Parliament had tried to tax colonists directly.

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14 why did the colonists send the olive branch petition to great britain ss 08 2 3 2 dok 2
14. Why did the colonists send the Olive Branch Petition to Great Britain? SS 08-2.3.2 DOK 2
  • To persuade volunteers to join the Continental Army.
  • To persuade Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act.
  • To persuade King George III to make peace with the colonies.
  • To persuade British troops to leave Boston.

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15 why was the declaration of independence written ss 08 1 3 1 dok 2
15. Why was the Declaration of Independence written? SS 08-1.3.1 DOK 2
  • To explain why the colonists thought “taxation without representation” was unfair.
  • To explain what Britain needed to do to win back the loyalty of the colonies.
  • To explain what other nations could do to help the colonies win their freedom.
  • To explain why it was time for the colonies to separate from Great Britain.

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16. Why did Thomas Jefferson feel the colonists had the right to break away from Great Britain? SS 08-5.2.2 DOK 2
  • Jefferson did not believe in any form of government.
  • Jefferson did not agree that social contracts should be obeyed.
  • Great Britain did not protect the rights of the colonists.
  • Great Britain no longer showed a desire to govern the colonists.

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17. Why was winning the battle at Trenton, New Jersey so important to George Washington? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2
  • His soldiers’ contracts were due to end, and he knew soldiers would not join a losing army.
  • Colonial money was running low, and the German forces were threatening to leave.
  • He had retreated into Pennsylvania, and if he didn’t win the war his political career would be over.
  • He was afraid that the losses he had suffered made him look like a poor leader.

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18. Why was an American victory at the Battle of Saratoga a turning point in the Revolution? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2
  • It forced the British to leave Canada.
  • It brought France into the war as an American ally.
  • It ended General Burgoyne’s career.
  • It liberated Georgia from British control.

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19 how did the american government respond to shays rebellion ss 08 5 1 2 dok 2
19. How did the American government respond to Shays’ Rebellion? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2
  • It forced states to provide soldiers for a national army.
  • It planned to hold a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.
  • It gave the Confederation Congress supreme power in the U.S.
  • It executed all the rebels who participated in the rebellion.

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20 what was the significance of the articles of confederation ss 08 5 1 1 dok 2
20. What was the significance of the Articles of Confederation? SS 08-5.1.1 DOK 2
  • It established America’s independence from Great Britain.
  • It created the first national court system in the United States.
  • It created a government for the United States that was very similar to Great Britain’s.
  • It established the first national government of the United States.

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21. How did the Articles of Confederation add to the economic problems of the United States in the late 1700s? SS 08-3.4.1 DOK 2
  • The Articles gave Congress little power to enforce or pass nationwide laws and tariffs, which led to increased U.S. debt.
  • The Articles banned trade with foreign nations, which caused American businesses to suffer.
  • The Articles gave Congress the power to print limitless amounts of paper money, which caused inflation in Britain.
  • The Articles included a section stating that the U.S. would pay back all debt owed to Britain, which increased the U.S. debt.

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22 monarchies derive their power from ss 08 1 1 1 dok 2
22. Monarchies derive their power from: SS 08-1.1.1 DOK 2
  • Citizens
  • Military
  • Heredity
  • Representatives

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23. The type of government in which citizens vote for representatives to make decisions for them is known as ...SS 08-1.1.1 DOK 2
  • A monarchy
  • A republic
  • A direct democracy
  • A dictatorship

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24. Which of the following was the decision to divide Congress into two houses, with equal representation in one and proportional representation in the other? SS 08-2.3.2 DOK 2

  • The Virginia Plan
  • The Great Compromise
  • The New Jersey Plan
  • The New York Compromise

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25 why is the electoral college important ss 08 1 1 2 dok 2
25. Why is the Electoral College important? SS 08-1.1.2 DOK 2
  • It is a body of delegates who casts the deciding votes for the president.
  • It is a group chosen for cabinet positions by the president-elect.
  • It is a school for the study of voting practices in politics.
  • It is a name given to all voters who cast ballots in an election.

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