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Ceri Christian-Jones School of Psychology, Bangor University. . . . Background Information. Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID): have an increased risk of physical health problems compared to those without ID experience the same mental health problems as those without ID
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Ceri Christian-Jones School of Psychology, Bangor University . .
Background Information • Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID): • have an increased risk of physical health problems compared to those without ID • experience the same mental health problems as those without ID • Research suggests that the incidence of mental health problems is higher in people with ID . .
Aim of PhD • To contribute to the evidence base of the physical health-, mental health- and behavioural- needs of adults with ID who live in residential settings • Look for potential ways to improve the physical health needs of adults with ID who live in residential settings . .
Validation of a proxy-respondent Physical Activity Questionnaire • Need to measure if participants met the WHO (2006) guidelines for physical activity (PA) • Proxy respondents completed PA questionnaires for 1-week period • During same 1-week period, adults with ID wore accelerometers • Results showed significant agreement . .
Census of physical health & mental health need • Data revealed physical- and mental-health problems were common as was challenging behaviour • There were few associations between physical health and mental health problems and challenging behaviour for adults with ID • This data was also given to the company partner as audit data to inform their clinical governance plan for 2010-2012. . .
Longitudinal changes in physical and mental health • Physical health, mental health and challenging behaviour improved • Improvements in physical health resulted in some improvements in mental health & challenging behaviour . .
Meta-analysis of multi-component weight loss interventions for adults with ID • multi-component interventions included: healthy diet and reducing energy intake; increasing physical activity levels or decreasing sedentary behaviour; behaviour change techniques; health promotion/ education • pre- to post-intervention mean difference of 3.18 kg (95% CI -0.36, 6.73 kg) • Important methodological issues need addressing . .
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