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1402 Timur defeats Bayezit/Bayezid. Ottoman territories divided among Bayezid’s sons. Civil war breaks out 1413 Mehmed reunites Ottoman empire 15th-16th c. Ottomans expand territory to cover Asia Minor, much of Middle East, N. Africa, E. Europe and Greece.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

1402 Timur defeats Bayezit/Bayezid.

Ottoman territories divided among

Bayezid’s sons. Civil war breaks out

1413 Mehmed reunites Ottoman empire

15th-16th c. Ottomans expand territory to

cover Asia Minor, much of Middle East,

N. Africa, E. Europe and Greece

slide2

1453 Ottomans take Constantinople

Mehmed II (r. 1444-45, 1451-81)

Domed Church of Haghia Sophia (bt. 532-37)

slide3

Istanbul, not Constantinople…

Rumeli = Ottoman territories in

Europe (from Rum =

Byzantines)

slide4

1514 Ottomans defeat Safavids at Chaldiran

1516 Ottomans defeat Mamluks at Marj Dabiq

1517 Ottomans take Cairo and destroy Mamluk

Sultanate and ‘Abbasid caliphate

Sept 1529 Ottomans besiege but fail to take

Vienna

slide5

Sultan

Palace

Services

incl.

harem,

Inside

Service &

Outside

Service

Scribal-

Financial

Bureaucracy

incl.

executive office

of divan,

chancery &

treasury

Military-

Governing

Administration

(divan),

headed

by grand

vizier

Religious-

Judicial

Establishment

i/c

religion,

education &

law

slide7

Sources of Ottoman Law:

1. Shari‘a (Islamic law)

2. Kanuns (Decrees of sultans)

3. Adet (Local customary law)

4. Urf (Sultan’s discretion)

qadi/kadi (judge) mufti (jurisconsult)

madrasa/medrese (religious college)

slide8

Selimiyye Mosque,

Edirne (bt. 1567-74

by Sinan [d. 1588])