the asian insurance market
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THE ASIAN INSURANCE MARKET. Roger Wilkinson Chairman & CEO, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa Willis International. DEMOGRAPHIC OVERVIEW. It’s bigger than Texas!. 30\% of the Earth’s Land Area. 60\% of the Earth’s Human Population. ASIA MARKET OVERVIEW.

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the asian insurance market

Roger Wilkinson

Chairman & CEO, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa

Willis International

demographic overview

It’s bigger than Texas!

30% of the Earth’s

Land Area

60% of the Earth’s

Human Population

asia market overview

Asian market has grown over the last decade

  • Protected Marketplaces
  • Markets and regulations differ across Territories
  • Significant levels of underwriting autonomy
  • Accelerating Inflation levels a threat to insurance profitability
  • Big capacity in all classes in Asia – the brakes are on since the Cat losses in 2011
  • Not very litigious…Yet!
  • Market growth in all classes but predominantly P&C Market
  • All major players represented (Ins / RE)
    • Ace
    • Allianz
    • Chartis
    • Zurich are some of the Global players

Full Range of products on offer

Singapore is a hub, with large markets in China, Japan, South Korea & India


A well established business hub for SE Asia

  • Big Reinsurance presence – 28 Reinsurers - US $2.6 bn
  • Growth of Lloyds Asia Platform (Currently 22 Syndicates and US $250-$300 m of written premium) – employing ~ 200 people
  • 61 Captive insurance companies
  • GWP US $7 bn (Singapore and regional risks – direct markets)
  • A US $5 bn Property Risk (Full Value) 100 % was recently placed

China is there for China!

Highly Protected

  • Fastest premium growth (28%)
  • A full pipeline of infrastructure projects
  • Foreign Companies still only make up 1.8% of the non life market
  • Increasing interest in D&O – Mostly related to US IPOs

Very much their own market

  • # 1 in Asia for Total premium, # 2 in the world behind the US
  • # 1 in Asia for Non Life premium, # 3 in the world behind the US & Germany
  • Market share of the top 3 Insurance Groups = 80%
  • Insurance losses were modest pre March 2011 Tohoku Earthquake – Household EQ & Nuclear Losses will be largely covered by Japanese Government, Private Insurers face billions on Property and Business interruption claims.
  • Reconstruction will aid economic growth
  • Insurers taking stock and reviewing insurance coverage in light of CAT events

*Excluding Flood Earthquake, Tsunami & Special Risk

south korea

Very much their own market

Dominated by large domestic insurers

  • Market share of top 5 insurers: 78% ( Samsung 25.8%, Hyundai: 15.7%, Dongbu: 15.3%, LIG: 13.7%, Meritz: 7.5%)
  • GWP US $50 bn
  • Recently introduced revised motor pricing scheme to reign in claims escalation
  • Increasing demand for long term products has driven growth, in concert with growing industrial and commercial construction markets, a positive outlook for GDP growth and increased penetration of insurance products.
  • The South Korean insurance regulatory authority introduced a new risk-based capital (RBC) solvency regime in April 2011 designed to increase insurance companies’ capital requirements, allowing them to assume higher risk and improve their financial stability.

Highly regulated – Future government divesting of public insurers

  • 4 State owned Insurers – US 5 bn GWP
  • Private Insurers – US 3.5 bn GWP
  • Foreign ownership cap of 26%
  • Solid year on year premium growth led by the strong performing motor and property businesses
  • Foreign insurers reviewing market entry
  • Slight hardening due to RI terms and regulatory measures
market trends capacity

By 2015, approximately 39% of the world's economy is predicted to be in the Asia-Pacific region1

  • Huge capacity in the region
  • Increased interest in liability coverage
  • Improvements in domestic markets & increased sophistication in regulation
  • Expect expansion of some of the larger Chinese players (already amongst the worlds largest) both in Asia Pac and globally

1 Source: Ernst & Young Analysis – International Monetary Fund, United Nations Statistics Division, World Wealth Fund, Swiss RE Sigma 2005

market competitiveness
  • During the growth of the regional market in Asia it has often offered more competitive solutions than the international markets
  • Asian clients like a quick turn-around in the same time-zone
  • By being based in the region (Re)insurers can benefit from lower acquisition costs on some business
  • Building local knowledge of risk profiles and business practice in the region can allow adaption of underwriting models to fit Asia
economic losses
  • 2/3 of US $380 bn1 Economic Loss in 2010 attributed to Japan Earthquake / Tsunami & NZ Earthquake
  • Japan may cost Insurers as much as US $35 bn2– Huge amount of reinsurance protection – high losses to property market
  • Thailand Floods may cost as much as US $12 bn3 – This was a loss that was neither modelled nor anticipated – Thailand was previously considered a Non CAT zone
  • Zenkyoren – the ‘Farmers Mutual’ of Japan – estimated losses US $7.9 bn4

1 Source: Munich RE

2 & 3 Swiss RE – Sigma #2 / 2012

4 Towers Watson – Insights, Insurance Industry Impact and Risk Management Lessons